Spillekonsoller (1. generation)

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Den første generations spillekonsoller varede fra 1972 med udgivelsen af Magnavox Odyssey til omkring år 1977, da "pong"-konsol fabrikanter forlod markedet efter den succesrige introduktion af mikroprocessor-baserede konsoller.[1]

Interaktive fjernsyn[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Fjernsyns ingeniøren Ralph Baer fik ideen at skabe interaktive fjernsyn imens han byggede et fjernsyn fra grunden for Loral 1951 i Bronx, New York. Han udforskede ideen ydligere i 1966 da han var chef ingeniør af "Equipment Design Division" ved Sanders Associates. Baer skabte et simpelt 2-spillere computerspil der kunne blive vist på et standard TV kaldt Chase, hvor to prikker jagtede hinanden på skærmen.

Pong-chips[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Denne tabel indeholder kun en liste over de mest kendte konsoller og relative benyttede chips.

Chip kode/navn År Fabrikant Farver Spil Konsoller
AY-3-8500 1976 General Instrument Nej (1) Tennis, fodbold, squash, øvelse, 2 riffel spil Telstar (Telstar, Classic, Deluxe, Ranger, Alpha, Colormatic, Regent, Sportsman)
Odyssey (300,2000,3000)
Radio Shack TV Scoreboard
Unisonic Sportsman/Tournament
Philips Tele-Spiel ES2203 and ES2204
Zanussi/Seleco Play-O-Tronic
Videomaster (Strika, Strika 2,ColourScore 2, SuperScore)
APF TV Fun (Model 401)
BSS 01
AY-3-8510 1978? General Instrument Ja Tennis, hockey, squash, jai alai Telstar Colortron
AY-3-8512 1978? General Instrument Ja Tennis, hockey, squash, jai alai, skeet, target Telstar Marksman
AY-3-8600 1977 General Instrument Nej(2) 8 spil med bolde og padler Telstar Galaxy
Odyssey 4000
Philips Tele-Spiel ES2218
AY-3-8610 1977 General Instrument Nej(2)[2] 8 spil med bolde og padler + 2 riffel spil Videomaster Sportsworld
Philco/Ford Telejogo II
AY-3-8550 1976? General Instrument Nej(1) Det samme som 8500, dog med tilføjelse af vandret styring af spillerne Philips Tele-Spiel ES2208
AY-3-8700 1978? General Instrument 4 spil med tanks Telstar Combat!
MPS-7600-001,002,003,004 (3)(4) 1977 MOS Technology De fire versioner af chippen indeholder ofte fire spil Telstar Gemini(only version 004).
Telstar Arcade(all 4 versions).
Commodore TV Game 2000K/3000H) (only version 001).
MM-57100/MM-57105(PAL) 1976 National Semiconductor Ja Tennis, Hockey, Squash National Adversary
Philips Odyssey 2001
Videomaster (ColourScore, VisionScore, ColourShot)
Philco/Ford Telejogo
MM-57106/MM-57186(PAL) 1977 National Semiconductor Ja Tennis, Hockey, Squash, Breakout, Flipper e Football. Philips N30
Philips Odyssey 2100
F4301 1976 Universal Research Labs  ? To spil med bolde og padler samt to racerspil Indy 500 system (Video Action 4)
Sears/Atari Speedway e Speedway IV
Interton Video 2800
MBO Tele-Ball VIII
SN76410N 197? Texas Instruments  ? Seks spil med bolde og padler Tele-Match 3300R
Ricochet Super Pro (modello MT-4A)
Venture Electronics Video Sports VS-5
3659-1C/C2566 1975 Atari Nej Pong Atari PONG
3659-3 1975 Atari Nej Pong Atari PONG Doubles
Sears PONG IV
C010073-3 1976 Atari Nej Fire Pong spil Atari/Sears Super PONG
C010073-01/C2607 1976 Atari  ? Ti Pong spil Atari Super PONG Ten
C010765 1977 Atari  ? 16 Pong spil Atari Ultra PONG
Atari Ultra PONG Doubles
C011500-11/C011512-05 (4) 1977 Atari  ? 7 spil (f.eks. Pinball, Basketball og Breakout) Atari Video Pinball

(1) Farver kunne opnåes ved benyttelse af AY-3-8515 chippen
(2) Farver kunne opnåes ved benyttelse af AY-3-8615 chippen
(3) PAL version koden er 7601
(4) Avancerede chips i forhold til den klassiske Pong-in-a-chip: indeholder en mikrocontroller og lidt RAM hukommelse.

Sammenligning[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Navn Magnavox Odyssey Magnavox Odyssey serien Atari/Sears Tele-Games Pong Coleco Telstar Nintendo Color TV Game
Konsol Magnavox-Odyssey-Console-Set.jpg Odyssey-300.jpg TeleGames-Atari-Pong.jpg Ctelstar.jpg Nintendo-TV-Game-BK6.jpg
Udgivelses pris US$100 US$100–230 US$98.95 US$50 ¥8,300 - ¥48,000 (Omkring $101 - $594.8 USD i dag)
Udgivelses dato NA May 1972
EU 1974
JP 1975
NA 1975
NA 1975
NA 1976
JP 1977
JP 1977
Medie ROM-Kassetter  ? Indbygget chip[3] ROM-Kassetter (Telstar Arcade)  ?
Tilbehør Light gun  ?  ? Styrepind designs  ?
Antal solgte 333,000[4] 150,000[5][6] 1 million[7] 3 millioner[8]

Referencer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  1. Wolf, Mark J.P. (2008). The Video Game Explosion. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. Page xviii. ISBN 031333868X, 9780313338687. http://books.google.com/books?id=to5zEwOC9BcC&pg=PR18&dq=1st+video+game+crash+1977#PPR18,M1. 
  2. http://www.pong-story.com/GIMINI1978.pdf
  3. "Atari home PONG systems". Pong-Story. http://www.pong-story.com/atpong2.htm. Hentet 2010-09-13. 
  4. PONG-Story : Magnavox Odyssey – the first video game system
  5. Ellis, David (2004). "Dedicated Consoles". Official Price Guide to Classic Video Games. Random House. pp. 33–36. ISBN 0-375-72038-3. 
  6. Kent, Steven (2001). "Strange Bedfellows". Ultimate History of Video Games. Three Rivers Press. pp. 94–95. ISBN 0-7615-3643-4. 
  7. Herman, Leonard (1997). Phoenix: the fall & rise of videogames (2nd ed. udg.). Union, NJ: Rolenta Press. s. 20. ISBN 0-9643848-2-5. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=duITAQAAIAAJ. Hentet 16 February 2012. "Like Pong, Telstar could only play video tennis but it retailed at an inexpensive $50 that made it attractive to most families that were on a budget. Coleco managed to sell over a million units that year." 
  8. Sheff, David; Eddy, Andy (1999), Game Over: How Nintendo Conquered the World, GamePress, s. 27, ISBN 978-0-9669617-0-6, "Nintendo entered the home market in Japan with the dramatic unveiling of Color TV Game 6, which played six versions of light tennis. It was followed by a more powerful sequel, Color TV Game 15. A million units of each were sold. The engineering team also came up with systems that played a more complex game, called "Blockbuster," as well as a racing game. Half a million units of these were sold."