Kyros-cylinderen

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Kyros-cylinderen, forside

Kyroscylinderen (persisk: منشور کوروش) er en gammel lercylinder, nu brudt i flere stykker, på hvilken der er skrevet en erklæring med akkadisk kileskrift[1] i den achaemenidiske konge Kyros den Stores navn.[2] Den stammer fra det 6. århundrede f.Kr. og blev opdaget i 1879 i ruinerne af Babylon i Mesopotamien (det nuværende Irak).[1] Den ejes i øjeblikket af British Museum, som finansierede ekspeditionen, der opdagede cylinderen. Den blev lavet og brugt som foundation deposit efter den persiske erobring af Babylon i 539 f.Kr., hvor det Neo-Babylonske Rige blev invaderet af Kyros og indlemmet i det Persiske Rige.

Teksten på cylinderen priser Kyros, fastsætter hans slægt, og viser ham som en konge fra en lang linje af konger. Den babylonske konge Nabonidus, der blev besejret og afsat af Kyros, er beskrevet som en ugudelig undertrykker af det babylonske folk og hans ringe herkomst er tydeligt skildret som modsætning til Kyros' kongelige oprindelse. Den sejrende Kyros er beskrevet som valgt af babyloniernes øverste gud Marduk for at genoprette lov og orden hos babylonierne. Teksten fastslår, at Kyros blev hilst velkommen af folk i Babylon som deres nye hersker og gik ind i byen i fred. Den beder til Marduk om at beskytte Kyros og hans søn Kambyses 2.. Den fremhæver Kyros' arbejde som en velgører af borgerne i Babylonien, såsom forbedre deres liv, tilgive landsforviste og restaurere templer og helligdomme i hele Mesopotamien og andre steder i riget. Den afslutter med en beskrivelse af, hvordan Kyros reparerede byens mure og fandt en lignende inskription placeret dér af en tidligere konge.[2]

Kilder/referencer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Bøger og journaler[redigér | redigér wikikode]

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