Port Authority Trans-Hudson

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PATH.svg
Port Authority Trans-Hudson
Wtc path station platform.jpg
Et PATH-tog venter på afgang ved World Trade Center mod Newark.
Info
Type Undergrundsbane
Lokalitet Newark / Hudson County, New Jersey og Manhattan, New York
Antal stationer 13
Antal linjer 4
Dagligt passagertal 246.000 (2007)
Drift
Åbnet 1908
Ejer Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Operatør(er) Port Authority Trans-Hudson
Teknisk
Strækningslængde 22,2 km (13,8 mi)
Sporvidde 1.435 mm (normalspor)

Port Authority Trans-Hudson (engelsk: Havnemyndighed Trans-Hudson), også kendt som PATH, er en undergrundsbane der forbinder Manhattan, New York med New Jersey, og betjener Jersey City, Hoboken, Harrison og Newark. Den er drevet af Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Mange af PATH stationer er forbundet med New York City Subway, Newark Light Rail og Hudson-Bergen Light Rail stationer, men der er ingen overgange da de fire systemer drives selvstændigt.

PATH har en linjelængde på 22,2 km (13,8 miles).[1]

PATH-togene bruger kun tunneller i Manhattan, Hoboken og downtown Jersey City. Sporene krydser Hudson River gennem de gamle støbejernsrør der ligger på bunden af floden under et tyndt lag dynd. PATH's linjer fra Grove Street i Jersey City mod vest til Newark ligger i åbne banegrave, på gadeplan og på højbane.

I 4. kvartal 2007, havde PATH en et gennemsnitlig hverdags passagertal på 246.000.[2]

Historie[redigér | redigér wikikode]

PATH blev åbnet under navnet Hudson & Manhattan Railroad i februar 1908, men blev omdøbt, da Port Authority of New York and New Jersey tog over.

Efter 11. september[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Den midlertidlige World Trade Center-station åbnede i 2003.

World Trade Center-stationen, som er en af PATH's to New York terminaler, blev tilintetgjort den 11. september 2001 da bygningerne ovenover kollapsere. Lige før kollapset, blev station lukket og alle de ventede passegere der var på stationen blev evakueret af et tog der allerede var inde i terminalen.

Betjening[redigér | redigér wikikode]

PATH
Unknown route-map component "KACCa"
Newark NWK-WTC
Bridge over water
Passaic River
Station
Harrison
Unknown route-map component "eBHF"
Manhattan Transfer
Bridge over water
Hackensack River
Left side of cross-platform interchange Middle head station of cross-platform interchange Right side head station of cross-platform interchange
Journal Square JSQ-33, JSQ-33 (via HOB)
Enter tunnel Enter tunnel Enter tunnel Unknown route-map component "tCPICAla" Unknown route-map component "tCPICAma" Unknown route-map component "tCPICAra"
Hoboken HOB-WTC, JSQ-33 (via HOB), HOB-33
Unknown route-map component "tCPICl" Unknown route-map component "tCPICm" Unknown route-map component "tCPICr" Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Grove Street
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tCPICAl" Unknown route-map component "tCPICAm" Unknown route-map component "tCPICAr" Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Newport
Unknown route-map component "tSTRrg" Unknown route-map component "tKRZtu" Unknown route-map component "tKRZtu" Unknown route-map component "tKRZtu" Unknown route-map component "tSTRrf" Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Unknown route-map component "tCPICAl" Unknown route-map component "tCPICAr" Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTRlf" Unknown route-map component "tABZq+l" Unknown route-map component "tSTRrf" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Exchange Place
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tKRWl" Unknown route-map component "tKRW+r" Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tKRW+l" Unknown route-map component "tKRWr"
Unknown route-map component "tWSTR" Unknown route-map component "tWSTR" Water Unknown route-map component "tWSTR" Unknown route-map component "tWSTR" Unknown route-map component "tWSTR"
Hudson River
NJ
NY
Unknown route-map component "tCPICAle" Unknown route-map component "tCPICAre" Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
World Trade Center HOB-WTC, NWK-WTC
Unknown route-map component "tCPICl" Unknown route-map component "tCPICm" Unknown route-map component "tCPICr"
Christopher Street
Unknown route-map component "tCPICl" Unknown route-map component "tCPICm" Unknown route-map component "tCPICr"
9th Street
Unknown route-map component "tCPICl" Unknown route-map component "tCPICm" Unknown route-map component "tCPICr"
14th Street
Unknown route-map component "etCPICl" Unknown route-map component "etCPICm" Unknown route-map component "etCPICr"
19th Street
Unknown route-map component "tCPICl" Unknown route-map component "tCPICm" Unknown route-map component "tCPICr"
23rd Street
Unknown route-map component "etCPICl" Unknown route-map component "etCPICm" Unknown route-map component "etCPICr"
28th Street
Unknown route-map component "tCPICAle" Unknown route-map component "tCPICAme" Unknown route-map component "tCPICAre"
33rd Street JSQ-33, JSQ-33 (via HOB), HOB-33
Kort over PATH-linjer (normal betjening)
Kort over PATH-linjer (late-night hours and on weekends/holidays)

Linjer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Efter kl. 23:00 og før 06:00 på mandage til fredag, og alle dage lørdage, søndag og helligdage, kører PATH to tog linjerne:

Liste over stationer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Der er lige nu 13 aktiv PATH stationer:

Stat By Station Linjer Åbenet Overgange og noter
NY New York 33rd Street HOB-33
JSQ-33
10. november 1910 Skabelon:NYCS Sixth (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
Skabelon:NYCS Broadway (BMT Broadway Line)
New York Penn Station (Amtrak, NJ Transit, LIRR) accessible via city roads only
28th Street lukket 10. november 1910 lukket i 1937, da 33rd Street blev udvidet mod syd
23rd Street HOB-33
JSQ-33
15. juni 1908 Skabelon:NYCS Sixth local (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
19th Street lukket 25. februar 1908 lukket i 1954 for at øge betjeningen
14th Street HOB-33
JSQ-33
25. februar 1908 Skabelon:NYCS Sixth local (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
Skabelon:NYCS Canarsie (BMT Canarsie Line)
Skabelon:NYCS Broadway-Seventh south (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
9th Street HOB-33
JSQ-33
25. februar 1908 Skabelon:NYCS Sixth (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
Skabelon:NYCS Eighth south (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Christopher Street HOB-33
JSQ-33
25. februar 1908 Skabelon:NYCS Broadway-Seventh south local (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
Hudson Terminal lukket 19. juli 1909 lukket i 1971 da forbindelser til World Trade Center åbnede
World Trade Center NWK-WTC
HOB-WTC
4. juli 1971 (genåbnet 23. november 2003) Skabelon:NYCS (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line) – station closed indefinitely
Skabelon:NYCS Brooklyn (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line) – connected to Park Place station
Skabelon:NYCS Eighth south (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Skabelon:NYCS Lexington south (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Skabelon:NYCS Nassau south (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Skabelon:NYCS Broadway local (BMT Broadway Line) – station closed indefinitely
NJ Hoboken Hoboken HOB-WTC
HOB-33
25. februar 1908 Hudson-Bergen Light Rail, NJ Transit
originally Lackawanna Railroad
Jersey City Pavonia/Newport HOB-WTC
JSQ-33
2. august 1909 Hudson-Bergen Light Rail
originally Erie Railroad
Exchange Place NWK-WTC
HOB-WTC
19. juli 1909 Hudson-Bergen Light Rail
originally Pennsylvania Railroad (also served the Lehigh Valley Railroad and New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway)
Grove Street NWK-WTC
JSQ-33
6. september 1910 originally Grove-Henderson Streets
Journal Square NWK-WTC
JSQ-33
14. april 1912 Journal Square Transportation Center
originally Summit Avenue
Harrison Manhattan Transfer lukket 1. oktober 1911 closed in 1937 when the H&M was realigned to Newark Penn Station
Harrison NWK-WTC 20. juni 1937 originally several blocks north (opened November 26, 1911)
Newark Newark NWK-WTC 20. juni 1937 Newark Penn Station (Amtrak, NJ Transit, Newark City Subway)
oprindeligt ved Park Place (opened November 26, 1911)

Rullende materiel[redigér | redigér wikikode]

PA-4
Fronten af en PA4 car-vogn

PATH har en flåde på 333 vogne (nedsat fra 348 vogne), der er i aktiv tjeneste. Der er fem modeller: PA1, PA2, PA3, PA4 og PA5. PATH-vognene er 15,5 m lange, med en bredde på ca. 2,8 m. De kan opnå en maksimal hastighed på 112 km/t. Hver vogn har plads til 35 passagerer på sæder, der løber langs siderne af vognene.

Se også[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Referencer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Noter[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Eksterne links[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Koordinater: 40° 43′ 52,74″ N, 74° 3′ 33,59″ V