Sexturisme

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Sexturisme er rejser der har til formål at opsøge sex med personer i destinationslandet, oftest prostituerede. Typisk går rejserne med turister fra velstillede lande og mod mindre velstillede lande.

Verdensturistorganisationen – et agentur under FN – definerer sexturisme som:

Rejser organiseret indenfor turistsektoren, eller udenfor sektoren, men gørende brug af dens strukturer og netværk, med det primært formål at effektuere kommercielle seksuelle relationer mellem turisten og lokale beboere på destinationen
 
— Verdensturistorganisationen[1]

FN mener at sexturisme er skadeligt af sociale, kulturelle og helbredsårsager for både turistens hjemland og for destinationslandende, specielt i situationer hvor der er udnyttelse af køn, alder, sociale eller økonomiske uligheder mellem sexturisten og destinationen[1][2][3].

Attraktioner for sexturisme kan inkludere nedsatte priser i destinationslandet i forhold til sexturistens hjemland, såvel som prostitution eller prostitutionsformer der ikke er legaliseret i sexturistens hjemland eller blot ineffektiv håndhævelse af reglerne og adgang til børneprostitution.

Destinationer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Populære sexturistdestinationer inkluderer lande som Thailand[4], Cambodja, Indien og Sri Lanka[5][6][7] i Asien og i Mellemøsten lande som Libanon, Syrien og De Forenede Arabiske Emirater – hvortil hovedsagligt mænd fra mere konservative lande på Den Arabiske Halvø søger hen. I Amerika, Brasilien[8][9], Costa Rica[10][11], og Cuba[12][13]. Efter at Sverige indførte forbud mod prostitution er de omkringliggende lande, herunder de baltiske lande og Danmark, blevet destinationer for svenske sexturister. [14].

En individuel by eller region kan have et særskilt rygte som en sexturistdestination. Det gælder bl.a. Reeperbahn i Hamborg; Amsterdam i Holland; Zona Norte i Tijuana, Mexico; Boy's Town i Nuevo Laredo, Mexico – langs grænsen til USA; Bangkok, Pattaya og Phuket i Thailand; Vladivostok i det fjernøstlige Rusland – hvortil en del Japanske sexturister tager[15], og Angeles City i Filippinerne[16].

Kvindelige sexturistdestinationer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Populære sexturistdestinationer for kvindelige sexturister inkluderer Sydeuropa (Italien, Tyrkiet, Grækenland og Spanien), Caribien (Jamaica[17], Barbados, den Dominikanske Republik[18][19]), dele af Afrika[20] (Tunesien, Egypten, Gambia, Kenya), samt Bali [21] i Indonesien og Pattaya og Phuket i Thailand. Mindre destinationer inkluderer Nepal, Marokko, Fiji, Ecuador og Costa Rica.

Kvindelige sexturister adskiller sig typisk fra mandlige sexturister ved at kvinderne sædvanligvis ikke frekventerer bestemte barer for at samle mænd op. Kvinder giver sædvanligvis tøj, mad, penge eller gaver til deres mandlige prostituerede, men ikke alle mændene (specielt i Sydeuropa) forventer kompensationer.

Se også[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Referencer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  1. 1,0 1,1 (17-22 October 1995) "WTO Statement On The Prevention Of Organized Sex Tourism". Adopted by the General Assembly of the World Tourism Organization at its eleventh session - Cairo (Egypt), 17-22 October 1995 (Resolution A/RES/338 (XI)), Cairo (Egypt):World Tourism Organization. Hentet 2006-12-20. 
  2. U.N. Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI) Gender Mainstreaming Mandates
  3. U.N. Congress On The Prevention Of Crime And The Treatment Of Offenders Press Release New Global Treaty to Combat Sex Slavery of Women and Girls
  4. Cruey, Greg. "Thailand's Sex Industry". About: Asia For Visitors. About, Inc. (The New York Times Co.). http://goasia.about.com/cs/thailand/a/thailandsex.htm. Hentet 2006-12-20. "Nowhere else is it so open and prevalent." 
  5. "Sri Lanka - Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2004" (på English). Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. 2005-02-28. http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2004/41744.htm. Hentet 2007-11-17. "... Boys and girls were victims of commercial sexual exploitation by pedophiles in the sex tourism industry ..." 
  6. "Child exploitation not new to stricken region" (på English). CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2005/US/01/05/child.exploitation/index.html. Hentet 2007-11-17. "... some resorts in Thailand and Sri Lanka, were so-called "sex tourist" destinations ..." 
  7. "Child sex tourism spreading in Asia" (på English). CNN. http://archives.cnn.com/2000/TRAVEL/NEWS/08/25/childsex.tourism.ap/index.html. Hentet 2007-11-17. "... established sex tourist destinations like Thailand, the Philippines and Sri Lanka ..." 
  8. "Brazil". The Protection Project. http://www.protectionproject.org/brazil.doc. Hentet 2006-12-20. "Brazil is a major sex tourism destination. Foreigners come from Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Latin America, and North America ..."  Arkiveret 2006-12-20.
  9. Gentile, Carmen J. (2006-02-02). "Brazil cracks down on child prostitution". San Francisco Chronicle (Chronicle Foreign Service). http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2005/02/05/MNG0TB6KQV1.DTL. Hentet 2006-12-20. "... young prostitutes strut in front of middle-aged American and European tourists ..." 
  10. Kovaleski, Serge F. (2000-01-02). "Child Sex Trade Rises In Central America". Washington Post Foreign Service (Washington Post Foreign Service). http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/costarica/prostitution.htm. Hentet 2006-12-20. "... "an accelerated increase in child prostitution" in the country ... blamed largely on the unofficial promotion of sex tourism in Costa Rica over the Internet." 
  11. "Costa Rica". The Protection Project. http://www.protectionproject.org/costa.doc. Hentet 2006-12-20. "...has come to rival Thailand and the Philippines as one of the world’s leading destinations for sex tourism."  Arkiveret 2006-12-20.
  12. "Cuba". The Protection Project. http://www.protectionproject.org/cuba.doc. Hentet 2006-12-20. "Cuba is a popular destination country for sex tourists from Canada, the United States, and Europe."  Arkiveret 2006-12-20.
  13. Zúñiga, Jesús. "Cuba: The Thailand of the Caribbean". The New West Indian. http://www.awigp.com/default.asp?numcat=sextour2. Hentet 2006-12-20. 
  14. 'Det er kun i Sverige, Iran og Nordkorea, at sex er ulovlig', Dagblande Information, 10. maj 2007
  15. "Across the Siberian Wastes" (på English). Jim Rogers. http://www.jimrogers.com/content/stories/articles/russia.html. Hentet 2007-11-17. "... swarms of Russian prostitutes and Japanese johns on sex holidays ..." 
  16. Fr. Shay Cullen (2005-03-03). "Sex Tourism Is Big Money for Pimps and Politicians". imc-qc (philapinas). QC Independent Media Centre. http://qc.indymedia.org/news/2005/03/2736.php. Hentet 2007-04-08. "Angeles City, two hours north of Metro Manila, is the home of the most organized sex industry in the Philippines. Thousands of sex tourists from all over the world go there to look for cheap sex, much of it with under age minors." 
  17. Sol, sommer og gigolos, Dagbladet Information, 29. juli 2006
  18. "Dominican Republic". The Protection Project. http://www.protectionproject.org/dominican.doc. Hentet 2006-12-20. "The Dominican Republic is one of the most popular sex tourism destinations in the world, and it is advertised on the Internet as a "single man's paradise.""  Arkiveret 2006-12-20.
  19. Scheeres, Julia (2001-07-07). "The Web, Where ‘Pimps’ Roam Free". Wired News. CondéNet Inc. http://www.wired.com/news/ebiz/0,1272,44888,00.html. Hentet 2006-12-20. 
  20. Clarke, Jeremy (2007-11-25). "Older white women join Kenya's sex tourists". Reuters. http://ca.today.reuters.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=oddlyEnoughNews&storyID=2007-11-26T001811Z_01_L14342169_RTRIDST_0_LIFESTYLE-KENYA-SEXTOURISM-COL.XML. Hentet 2007-11-30. "Hard figures are difficult to come by, but local people on the coast estimate that as many as one in five single women visiting from rich countries are in search of sex." 
  21. Kuta Cowboys: The rodeo is in town everyday in Bali

Eksterne henvisninger[redigér | redigér wikikode]