|Saturday Night Fever|
|Instrueret af||John Badham|
|Produceret af||Robert Stigwood|
|Manuskript af||Norman Wexler|
|Baseret på||Tribal Rites of the New Saturday Night af Nik Cohn|
|Fotografering||Ralf D. Bode|
Saturday Night Fever er en amerikansk musical drama film, instrueret af John Badham og med skuespillerne John Travolta som Tony Manero, en ung arbejderklasse mand som bruger sine weekender på at danse og drikke på et lokalt Brooklyn diskotek; Karen Lynn Gorney som Stepahnie Mangano, hans danse partner og med tiden hans fortrolige; og Donna Pescow som Annette, Tonys tidligere danse partner, med et ønske om at blive hans kæreste. På diskoteket er Tony en mesterdanser. Hans vennekreds og weekend dans hjælper ham med at håndterer hans hårde hverdag: et elendigt job uden nogen fremtid, skænderier med hans forældre (som også skændes mellem dem selv) som ikke støtter hans valg, racebetonede spændinger i lokalsamfundet, og hans generelle rastløshed.
Filmen er baseret på en artikel fra magasinet New York skrevet i 1976 af den britiske skribent Nik Cohn, kaldet "Tribal Rites of the New Saturday Night"; i midten af 90'erne indrømmede Cohn at han opdigtede artiklens indhold. Som nytilflytter til USA og uden kendskab til disko livsstilen, var Cohn ikke i stand til at forstå den subkultur som han havde fået til opgave at skrive om; i stedet var den karakter som blev Tony Manero, baseret på en af Cohns bekendte som var en del af Mod subkulturen. I 2010 blev filmen, af Library of Congress, føjet til deres National Film Registry, som indeholder film der er "kulturelt, historisk, eller æstetisk betydningsfulde".
Filmen var en stor kommerciel succes, og var med til at gøre disko musik populært rundt om i verden, og gjorde John Travolta, som allerede var kendt fra hans TV rolle i Welcome Back, Kotter, til en velkendt skuespiller. Saturday Night Fever soundtracket, med disko sange af Bee Gees, er en af de mest solgte soundtracks nogensinde. Filmen viste dele af musikken, dansen og subkulturen som omgærede disko æraen: symfoni-orkestrerede melodier; haute couture tøjstil; præ-AIDS seksuel promiskuitet; og yndefuld koreografi. Efterfølgeren Staying Alive (1983) var også med John Travolta i hovedrollen, og blev instrueret af Sylvester Stallone.
Plot[redigér | redigér wikikode]
Anthony "Tony" Manero (John Travolta) is a 19-year-old Italian American man from the Bay Ridge neighborhood of Brooklyn in New York City. Tony lives with his parents (Val Bisoglio and Julie Bovasso), and works at a dead-end job in a small hardware store. The stagnant monotony of his life is temporarily dispelled every Saturday night when Tony is "king of the dance floor" at 2001 Odyssey, a local disco club. Tony has four close friends: Joey (Joseph Cali); Double J (Paul Pape); Gus (Bruce Ornstein); and the diminutive Bobby C. (Barry Miller). A fringe member of his group of friends is Annette (Donna Pescow), a neighborhood girl who longs for a more permanent physical relationship with Tony.
Tony and his friends ritually stop on the Verrazano–Narrows Bridge to clown around. The bridge has special significance for Tony as a symbol of escape to a better life on the other side—in more suburban Staten Island.
Tony agrees to be Annette's partner in an upcoming dance contest at 2001 Odyssey, but her happiness is short-lived when Tony is mesmerized by another woman at the club, Stephanie Mangano (Karen Lynn Gorney), who executes intricate dance moves with exceptional grace and finesse. Although Stephanie coldly rejects Tony's advances, she eventually agrees to be his partner in the dance competition, provided that their partnership will remain strictly professional. Tony's older brother, Frank Jr. (Martin Shakar), who was the pride of the Manero family since he was ordained a Roman Catholic priest, brings despair to their parents when he tells them that he has left the priesthood. Tony shares a warm relationship with Frank Jr., but feels vindicated that he is no longer the black sheep of the family.
While on his way home from the grocery store, Gus is attacked by a Hispanic gang and hospitalized. He tells Tony and his friends that his attackers were the Barracudas. Meanwhile, Bobby C. has been trying to get out of his relationship with his devoutly Catholic girlfriend, Pauline, who is pregnant with his child. Facing pressure from his family and others to marry her, Bobby asks former priest Frank Jr., if the Pope would grant him dispensation for an abortion. When Frank tells him such a thing would be highly unlikely, Bobby's feelings of despair intensify. Bobby lets Tony borrow his 1964 Chevrolet Impala to help move Stephanie from Bay Ridge to Manhattan, and futilely tries to extract a promise from Tony to call him later that night.
Eventually, the group gets their revenge on the Barracudas, and crash Bobby C's car into their hangout. Tony, Double J, and Joey get out of the car to fight, but Bobby C. takes off when a gang member tries to attack him in the car. When the guys visit Gus in the hospital, they are angry when he tells them that he may have targeted the wrong gang. Later, Tony and Stephanie dance at the competition and end up winning first prize. However, Tony believes that a Puerto Rican couple performed better, and that the judges' decision was racially rigged. He gives the Puerto Rican couple the first prize trophy, and leaves with Stephanie. Once outside in a car, she denigrates their relationship and he tries to rape her. She resists and runs from him.
Tony's friends come to the car along with a drunk and stoned Annette. Joey says she has agreed to have sex with everyone. Tony tries to lead her away, but is subdued by Double J and Joey, and sullenly leaves with the group in the car. Double J and Joey rape Annette. Bobby C. pulls the car over on the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge for their usual cable-climbing antics. Typically abstaining, Bobby gets out and performs more dangerous stunts than the rest. Realizing that he is acting recklessly, Tony tries to get him to come down. Bobby's strong sense of alienation, his deadlocked situation with Pauline, and Tony's broken promise to call him earlier that day—all culminate in a suicidal tirade about Tony's lack of caring before Bobby slips and falls to his death in the water below them.
Disgusted and disillusioned by his friends, his family, and his life, Tony spends the rest of the night riding the subway into Manhattan. Morning has dawned by the time he appears at Stephanie's apartment. He apologizes for his bad behavior, telling her that he plans to relocate from Brooklyn to Manhattan to try and start a new life. Tony and Stephanie salvage their relationship and agree to be friends, sharing a tender moment.
Cast[redigér | redigér wikikode]
- John Travolta as Anthony "Tony" Manero
- Karen Lynn Gorney as Stephanie Mangano
- Barry Miller as Bobby C.
- Joseph Cali as Joey
- Paul Pape as Double J.
- Donna Pescow as Annette
- Bruce Ornstein as Gus
- Val Bisoglio as Frank Manero, Sr.
- Julie Bovasso as Flo Manero
- Martin Shakar as Father Frank Manero, Jr.
- Lisa Peluso as Linda Manero
- Sam Coppola as Dan Fusco
- Denny Dillon as Doreen
- Robert Weil as Becker
- Fran Drescher as Connie
- Monti Rock as the DJ
- Robert Costanzo as paint store customer
- Ann Travolta as pizza girl (Travolta's sister)
- Helen Travolta as paint store customer (Travolta's mother)
Production[redigér | redigér wikikode]
Donna Pescow was almost considered "too pretty" for the role of Annette. She corrected this matter by putting on 40 pounds (18 kilograms) and relearning her native Brooklyn accent, which she had overcome while studying drama at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. After production ended, she immediately lost the weight she had gained for the role.
John Travolta's mother Helen and sister Ann both appeared in minor roles in the beginning of the film. Travolta's sister is the pizzeria waitress who serves him the pizza slices (and delivers the first dialogue), and his mother plays the woman to whom he sells the can of paint (after being late).
John G. Avildsen was signed to direct but was fired three weeks prior to principal photography over a script dispute with producer Robert Stigwood. Despite this, Travolta's character has a Rocky poster in his room, a film directed by Avildsen.
Filming locations[redigér | redigér wikikode]
- Verrazano–Narrows Bridge.
- Basketball courts located along the Parkway near the Marine Avenue in Brooklyn, New York. The Verrazano Bridge west bound approach runs above the park containing the courts.
- Bench vista toward the Verrazano Bridge, located along the Shore Promenade in Shore Road Park, Brooklyn, New York. Accessible to pedestrians via the Shore Road and 4th Avenue footpath park entrance. Accessible to motorists via the parking area alongside the Belt Parkway, east bound just 450 feet (140 m) prior to Exit 2, 4th Avenue/Fort Hamilton Parkway, and approximately 600 til 800 feet (180 til 240 m) from passing underneath the bridge.
- White Castle fast food restaurant, formerly located at 92nd Street and 4th Avenue, Brooklyn, New York now a Uno Chicago Grill.
- Phillips Dance Studio, West 7th Street and Bay Parkway.
- 2001 Odyssey was later renamed Spectrum (a gay club) in 1987, before being demolished in 2005. The club was located at 802 64th Street, Sunset Park, Brooklyn, New York.
- Six Brothers Hardware and Paints, formerly located at 7309 5th Avenue in Brooklyn, was the backdrop for Tony's workplace.
- Grand Union supermarket on 5th Avenue, today a Staples store located at 9319 5th Avenue in Brooklyn, NY.
- Fishermen's Corner a seafood restaurant, now Giuffre FIAT located on the north side of 94th Street between 4th Avenue and 5th Avenue in Brooklyn, NY.
- Barracudas hangout, 45th Street Sunset Park, Brooklyn.
- Lenny's Pizza, 1969 86th Street (near 20th Avenue).
Soundtrack[redigér | redigér wikikode]
- "Stayin' Alive" performed by Bee Gees – 4:45
- "How Deep Is Your Love" performed by Bee Gees – 4:05
- "Night Fever" performed by Bee Gees – 3:33
- "More Than a Woman" performed by Bee Gees – 3:17
- "If I Can't Have You" performed by Yvonne Elliman – 3:00
- "A Fifth of Beethoven" performed by Walter Murphy – 3:03
- "More Than a Woman" performed by Tavares – 3:17
- "Manhattan Skyline" performed by David Shire – 4:44
- "Calypso Breakdown" performed by Ralph MacDonald – 7:50
- "Night on Disco Mountain" performed by David Shire – 5:12
- "Open Sesame" performed by Kool & the Gang – 4:01
- "Jive Talkin'" performed by Bee Gees – 3:43 (*)
- "You Should Be Dancing" performed by Bee Gees – 4:14
- "Boogie Shoes" performed by KC and the Sunshine Band – 2:17
- "Salsation" performed by David Shire – 3:50
- "K-Jee" performed by MFSB – 4:13
- "Disco Inferno" performed by The Trammps – 10:51
- With the exception of (*) track 12 "Jive Talkin", all of the songs are played in the film.
- The novelty songs "Dr. Disco" and "Disco Duck", both performed by Rick Dees, are also played in the film but not included on the album.
According to the DVD commentary for Saturday Night Fever, the producers intended to use the song "Lowdown" by Boz Scaggs in the rehearsal scene between Tony and Annette in the dance studio, and choreographed their dance moves to the song. However, representatives for Scaggs' label, Columbia Records, refused to grant legal clearance for it, as they wanted to pursue another disco movie project, which never materialized. Composer David Shire, who scored the film, had to in turn write a song to match the dance steps demonstrated in the scene and eliminate the need for future legal hassles. However, this track does not appear on the movie's soundtrack.
The song "K-Jee" was used during the dance contest with the Puerto Rican couple that competed against Tony and Stephanie. Some VHS cassettes used a more traditional Latin-style song instead. The DVD restores the original recording.
Distribution[redigér | redigér wikikode]
Theatrical releases[redigér | redigér wikikode]
Two theatrical versions of the film were released: the original R-rated version and an edited PG-rated version. (The PG-rated re-issue was in 1979; the middle-ground PG-13 rating was not created until 1984.)
The R-rated version released in 1977 represented the movie's first run, and totaled 118 minutes.
After the success of the first run, in 1979, the film's content was re-edited into a toned down, PG-rated version and re-released during a second run, not only to attract a wider audience, but also to capitalize on attracting the target audience of the teenagers who were not old enough to see the film by themselves, but who made the soundtrack album to the film a monster hit. The R-rated version's profanity, nudity, fight sequence, and a multiple rape scene in a car, were all de-emphasized or removed from the PG version.
Producer Robert Stigwood said in a recent interview [hvornår?] on "The Inside Story: Saturday Night Fever", about the PG version: "It doesn't have the power, or the impact, of the original, R-rated edition."
The PG-rated version was 112 minutes. Numerous profanity-filled scenes were replaced with alternate takes of the same scenes, substituting milder language initially intended for the network television cut. To maintain runtime, a few deleted scenes were restored (including Tony dancing with Doreen to "Disco Duck", Tony running his finger along the cables of the Verrazano–Narrows Bridge, and Tony's father getting his job back).
When Saturday Night Fever premiered on HBO in 1980, they aired both versions of the film: the PG version during the day, and the R version during the evening (HBO had a programming rule of only showing R-rated films during the evening. This was before switching to a 24-hour-a-day operation, while still under their old broadcast standards concerning R-rated films). The premiere of the R-rated edition occurred at midnight on January 1, 1980.
Home media[redigér | redigér wikikode]
Both theatrical versions were released on VHS, Laserdisc, and CED Videodisc. But the R-rated version never saw wide release until its Laserdisc (in limited edition) and DVD issues. The R-rated special-edition DVD release includes most of the deleted scenes present on the PG version. The DVD release also includes a director's commentary and "Behind the Music" highlights. Starting in the late 1990s VH1, TBS, and TNT started showing the original R-rated version with a TV-14 rating. The nudity was removed/censored, and the stronger profanity was either edited or (on recent airings) silenced. But this TV edit included some of the innuendos from the original film that were edited or removed from the PG version. Turner Classic Movies has aired the film in both versions (the R-rated version is commonly seen on their normal lineup, while the PG version has appeared on TCM's "Funday Night at the Movies" and "Essentials Jr." program blocks.)
The network television version (which premiered on November 16, 1980 on ABC) was basically a slightly shortened form of the PG-rated version, but contained several minutes of out-takes normally excised from both theatrical releases to make up for lost/cut material. It is among the longest cuts of the film.
On May 5, 2009, Paramount released Saturday Night Fever on Blu-ray Disc in 1.78:1 aspect ratio. This release retains the R-rated version of the film along with many special features new to home media.
Reception[redigér | redigér wikikode]
Critical response[redigér | redigér wikikode]
Saturday Night Fever received positive reviews and is regarded by many critics as one of the best films of 1977. On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 86% based on 44 reviews, with an average rating of 7.5/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Boasting a smart, poignant story, a classic soundtrack, and a starmaking performance from John Travolta, Saturday Night Fever ranks among the finest dramas of the 1970s." At Metacritic the film has a score of 77 out of 100, based on 7 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". It was added to The New York Times "Guide to the Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made", which was published in 2004. In 2010, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
Film critic Gene Siskel, who would later list this as his favorite movie, praised the film: "One minute into Saturday Night Fever you know this picture is onto something, that it knows what it's talking about." He also praised John Travolta's energetic performance: "Travolta on the dance floor is like a peacock on amphetamines. He struts like crazy." Siskel even bought Travolta's famous white suit from the film at a charity auction.
Film critic Pauline Kael wrote a gushing review of the film in The New Yorker: "The way Saturday Night Fever has been directed and shot, we feel the languorous pull of the discotheque, and the gaudiness is transformed. These are among the most hypnotically beautiful pop dance scenes ever filmed...Travolta gets so far inside the role he seems incapable of a false note; even the Brooklyn accent sounds unerring...At its best, though, Saturday Night Fever gets at something deeply romantic: the need to move, to dance, and the need to be who you'd like to be. Nirvana is the dance; when the music stops, you return to being ordinary."
Awards and nominations[redigér | redigér wikikode]
- Academy Award for Best Actor – John Travolta
- BAFTA Award for Best Film Music – Barry Gibb, Maurice Gibb, Robin Gibb
- BAFTA Award for Best Sound – Michael Colgan, Robert W. Glass Jr., Les Lazarowitz, John T. Reitz, John Wilkinson
- Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy
- Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Musical or Comedy – John Travolta
- Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score – Barry Gibb, Maurice Gibb, Robin Gibb, David Shire
- Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song – Barry Gibb, Maurice Gibb and Robin Gibb for the song "How Deep Is Your Love?"
- Writers Guild Award for Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen – Norman Wexler
American Film Institute Lists
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies – Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs:
- Stayin' Alive – #9
- More Than a Woman – Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers – Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) – Nominated
References in popular culture[redigér | redigér wikikode]
John Belushi parodied the film as "Samurai Night Fever", one of his "Samurai" sketches on Saturday Night Live. Belushi also spoofed it again in the film Neighbors, during a scene in which tilted camera angles show Belushi combing his hair in front of the mirror as "Stayin' Alive" plays in the background. Ironically, the oft-repeated phrase in the movie, "Can you dig it? I knew that you could", had been made famous on Saturday Night Live during a stand-up performance by Billy Crystal.
The Children's Television Workshop published a record album of music from Sesame Street under the title Sesame Street Fever, the cover of which spoofed the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack album cover, with muppet Grover wearing the white three-piece disco suit in the famous Travolta pose and Bert, Ernie, and Cookie Monster taking the place of the Bee Gees. Robin Gibb (of the Bee Gees) sings on two tracks for this album, "Sesame Street Fever" and "Trash", and has a dialogue with Cookie Monster on the intro for "C Is For Cookie."
WKRP in Cincinnati touched on the subject (in the episode "Dr. Fever and Mr. Tide"), when Johnny Fever is hired to host a local television show, called Gotta Dance. Discovering that the emphasis will be on disco (a promotional cardboard standup of Johnny has his too-small head attached to John Travolta's body striking a pose) and not the rock-n-roll he expects, and unable to break his contract, Johnny dyes his hair, dons a three-piece suit, and reinvents himself as the disco-spinning "Rip Tide". An instant hit with the dancers and the audience, Johnny enjoys the attention and begins to play Rip Tide offstage, until the character's antics begin to clash with his own better judgement. Johnny then exposes the payola that drives the show's playlist, puts on a rock record (which the show's dancers take to with enthusiasm), and Gotta Dance is immediately cancelled.
On April 17, 2012, Fox aired series Glee's episode 16, "Saturday Night Glee-ver", which pays tribute to the film and features various songs from its soundtrack (especially the songs performed by the Bee Gees), covered by the series' cast.
The Red Hot Chili Peppers 2016 music video for their song "Go Robot" is heavily inspired by the film and recreates the opening scene and classic characters from the film who are portrayed by each band member.
References[redigér | redigér wikikode]
- Loftis, Ryan (December 12, 2012), Saturday Night Fever Turns 35. Suite101. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- Saturday Night Fever, Box Office Information. Box Office Mojo. Hentet May 26, 2014.
- Leduff, Charlie (9 juni, 1996). "Saturday Night Fever: The Life". The New York Times. Hentet 23-05-2017.
- Saturday Night Fever: The Life by Charlie LeDuff, New York Times. 9 juni, 1996
- National Film Preservation Board. "Complete National Film Registry Listing" (på engelsk). National Film Preservation Board: Film Registry (Library of Congress). Hentet 2017-02-27.
- Bee Gees' Maurice Gibb dies. USA Today (January 12, 2003).
- Shore Road Park. Retrieved from http://www.nycgovparks.org/parks/shoreroadpark.
- Richards, Chris. Library of Congress adds 'Saturday Night Fever,' Simon and Garfunkel, Pink Floyd to audio archive – San Jose Mercury News. Mercurynews.com. Hentet 2013-06-06.
- Gold, Aaron (1979-03-27). "Tower Ticker". Chicago Tribune: s. A7.
- Terrence, Sir (May 8, 2009). "Saturday Night Fever Blu-ray Review". Blu-ray.com. Hentet November 25, 2013.
- Gene Siskel's Top Ten Lists 1969–1998. Alumnus.caltech.edu. February 20, 1999. Hentet April 11, 2011.
- Greatest Films of 1977: "melodramatic, out-dated blockbuster". Filmsite.org. Hentet April 11, 2011.
- MaryAnn Johanson (May 25, 2007). The 10 Best Movies of 1977 – Movies. Film.com. Hentet April 11, 2011.
- The Best Movies of 1977 by Rank. Films101.com. Hentet April 11, 2011.
- "Saturday Night Fever". Rotten Tomatoes (Flixster). Hentet January 28, 2017.
- EvanW.. "Saturday Night Fever". Metacritic (CBS Interactive). Hentet December 11, 2013.
- "The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made". The New York Times. April 29, 2003. Hentet May 23, 2010.
- Gene Siskel, The Chicago Tribune, December 16, 1977
- Ebert, Roger (March 7, 1999). "Saturday Night Fever (1977)". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Critics' Corner – Saturday Night Fever. Tcm.com. Hentet 2013-06-06.
- Rohter, Larry (July 2, 2009). "The Dictator and the Disco King". New York Times. Hentet 5 February 2017.
- Harnick, Chris (April 13, 2012). "WATCH: 'Glee' Goes Disco". Huffington Post.
- Entertainment News, Photos and Videos – HuffPost Entertainment
- Ivie, Devon (September 9, 2016). "Anthony Kiedis Makes a White-Painted Saturday Night Fever Homage in the Red Hot Chili Peppers’ ‘Go Robot’ Video". Vulture.
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- Tribal Rites of the New Saturday Night The NY Magazine article by Nik Cohn that inspired the film
- Article on the 30th anniversary of the film