Canadas længste floder

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Mackenzie River er den længste flod i Canada hvis man regner den fra udmundingen Beauforthavet til en af de øvre bifloder Finlay River i Rocky Mountains i det nordlige British Columbia. Hovedstrømmen, som er en væsentlig kortere del af Mackenzie, er fremhævet.

Blandt Canadas længste floder er der 47 som er over 600 km lange. Ni af disse floder krydser internationale grænser, eller danner dem. Fire — Yukon, Columbia, Porcupine og Kootenay — begynder i Canada og løber ind i USA. Fem — Milk, Pend d'Oreille, Saint Lawrence, Red og Saint John — begynder i USA og løber ind i Canada. Af disse krydser Milk og Kootenay grænsen to gange.[1] Afvandingsområdet for disse ni floder ligger i begge lande; Dertil ligger en del af afvandingsområdet for yderligere seks floder — Fraser, Assiniboine, South Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan, Nelson og Winnipeg — i USA, selv om hele deres hovedløb ligger i Canada.

Liste[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Den primære kilde for data i listen er The Atlas of Canada. Vandføringen gælder for flodens udmunding med mindre andet er anført.

River is not entirely within Canada. Floden løber ikke udelukkende i Canada.
‡ Afvandingsområdet er ikke udelukkende i Canada.
Canadas længste floder
# Navn Udmunding Længde[2] Udspring[n 1] Afvandings
område
[2]
Vandføring[2] Provinser,
delstater
Billede

1 Mackenzie River Beauforthavet
69°21′59″N 133°54′10″V / 69.36639°N 133.90278°V / 69.36639; -133.90278 (Mackenzie River (mouth))[4]
4.241 km
[n 2]
Thutade Lake
56°44′00″N 127°31′00″V / 56.73333°N 127.51667°V / 56.73333; -127.51667 (Finlay River (source))
1.805.200 km2 9.700 m3/s Northwest Territories
Mackenzie River Freeze-up.jpg
2 Yukon River Beringshavet
62°35′55″N 164°48′00″V / 62.59861°N 164.80000°V / 62.59861; -164.80000 (Yukon River (mouth))[6]
3.185 km
[n 3]
Teslin Lake
59°37′00″N 132°09′00″V / 59.61667°N 132.15000°V / 59.61667; -132.15000 (Yukon River (source))
839.200 km2
[n 4]
6.340 m3/s[7] British Columbia, Yukon, Alaska
Sunset over a large river flowing through mountains.
3 Saint Lawrence River Saint Lawrencebugten
49°40′00″N 64°30′00″V / 49.66667°N 64.50000°V / 49.66667; -64.50000 (Saint Lawrence River (mouth))[8]
3.058 km
[n 5]
Seven Beaver Lake
47°30′04″N 91°49′51″V / 47.50111°N 91.83083°V / 47.50111; -91.83083 (Saint Louis River (source))[9]
1.344.200 km2[n 6] 9.850 m3/s Minnesota, Wisconsin, Ontario, Michigan, Ohio, New York, Quebec
A large ship travels along a large river bordered by vegetation on one bank and urban development on the other.
4 Nelson River Hudson Bay
57°04′05″N 92°30′08″V / 57.06806°N 92.50222°V / 57.06806; -92.50222 (Nelson River (mouth))[10]
2.575 km[n 7] Bow Glacier
51°40′00″N 116°27′00″V / 51.66667°N 116.45000°V / 51.66667; -116.45000 (Bow River (source))
892.300 km2[n 8] 2.370 m3/s Manitoba
Native people sit in canoes along the shore of a very wide flat river.
5 Slave River Great Slave Lake
61°18′00″N 113°40′04″V / 61.30000°N 113.66778°V / 61.30000; -113.66778 (Slave River (mouth))[11]
2.338 km
[n 9]
Thutade Lake
56°44′00″N 127°31′00″V / 56.73333°N 127.51667°V / 56.73333; -127.51667 (Finlay River (source))
616.400 km2 3.437 m3/s[12] Alberta, Northwest Territories
White birds with wide orange beaks swim near a rocky ledge of a swift wide river.
6 Columbia River Pacific Ocean
46°14′39″N 124°03′29″V / 46.24417°N 124.05806°V / 46.24417; -124.05806 (Columbia River (mouth))[13]
2.000 km
dagger[n 10]
Columbia Lake
50°09′53″N 115°50′19″V / 50.16472°N 115.83861°V / 50.16472; -115.83861 (Columbia River source)
671.300 km2
[n 11]
7.730 m3/s[14] British Columbia, Washington, Oregon
A large river flows through a wooded gorge.
7 Saskatchewan River Lake Winnipeg
53°11′20″N 99°15′18″V / 53.18889°N 99.25500°V / 53.18889; -99.25500 (Saskatchewan River (mouth))[15]
1.939 km
[n 12]
Bow Glacier
51°40′00″N 116°27′00″V / 51.66667°N 116.45000°V / 51.66667; -116.45000 (Bow River (source))

335.900 km2
[n 13]
700 m3/s Saskatchewan, Manitoba
A wide river flows under a bridge.
8 Peace River Slave River
59°00′01″N 111°24′47″V / 59.00028°N 111.41306°V / 59.00028; -111.41306 (Peace River (mouth))[16]
1.923 km
[n 14]
Thutade Lake
56°44′00″N 127°31′00″V / 56.73333°N 127.51667°V / 56.73333; -127.51667 (Finlay River (source))
302.500 km2 2.118 m3/s[17] British Columbia, Alberta
Brilliant sunset over a wide river flowing through woods
9 Churchill River (Hudson Bay) Hudson Bay
58°47′45″N 94°12′15″V / 58.79583°N 94.20417°V / 58.79583; -94.20417 (Churchill River (mouth))[18]
1.609 km
[n 15]
Churchill Lake
55°49′02″N 108°22′52″V / 55.81722°N 108.38111°V / 55.81722; -108.38111 (Churchill River (source))
281.300 km2 1.200 m3/s Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba
A medium-sized river rushes through rapids in the woods.
10 South Saskatchewan River Saskatchewan River
53°15′00″N 105°05′02″V / 53.25000°N 105.08389°V / 53.25000; -105.08389 (South Saskatchewan River (mouth))[19]
1.392 km
[n 16]
Bow Glacier
51°40′00″N 116°27′00″V / 51.66667°N 116.45000°V / 51.66667; -116.45000 (Bow River (source))
146.100 km2
[n 17]
280 m3/s
9,900  ft3/s
Alberta, Saskatchewan
The surface of a wide river approaching a city is almost completely frozen.
11 Fraser River Strait of Georgia
49°07′00″N 123°10′59″V / 49.11667°N 123.18306°V / 49.11667; -123.18306 (Fraser River (mouth))[20]
1.370 km Fraser Pass
52°32′01″N 118°19′39″V / 52.53361°N 118.32750°V / 52.53361; -118.32750 (Fraser River (source))
233.100 km2
[n 18]
3.540 m3/s British Columbia
Men in canoes descend wild rapids in a river canyon.
12 North Saskatchewan River Saskatchewan River
53°15′00″N 105°05′02″V / 53.25000°N 105.08389°V / 53.25000; -105.08389 (North Saskatchewan River (mouth))[21]
1.287 km Saskatchewan Glacier
52°14′33″N 117°09′05″V / 52.24250°N 117.15139°V / 52.24250; -117.15139 (North Saskatchewan River (source))
122.800 km2 245 m3/s Alberta, Saskatchewan
A wide river winds by a fenced overlook opposite a forest. The setting sun illuminates a partly cloudy sky.
13 Ottawa River Saint Lawrence River
45°33′59″N 74°23′11″V / 45.56639°N 74.38639°V / 45.56639; -74.38639 (Ottawa River (mouth))[22]
1.271 km Laurentian Mountains
47°36′00″N 75°43′40″V / 47.60000°N 75.72778°V / 47.60000; -75.72778 (Ottawa River (source))
146.300 km2 1.950 m3/s Quebec, Ontario
A dock extends from the shore of an extremely wide river.
14 Athabasca River Lake Athabasca
58°59′05″N 110°51′23″V / 58.98472°N 110.85639°V / 58.98472; -110.85639 (Athabasca River (mouth))[23]
1.231 km Columbia Icefield
52°11′14″N 117°28′27″V / 52.18722°N 117.47417°V / 52.18722; -117.47417 (Athabasca River (source))
95.300 km2
[n 19]
783 m3/s[24] Alberta
A river flows by a cliff and through a snow-covered forest.
15 Liard River Mackenzie River
61°50′55″N 121°18′35″V / 61.84861°N 121.30972°V / 61.84861; -121.30972 (Liard River (mouth))[25]
1.115 km[26] Saint Cyr Range
61°11′08″N 131°45′36″V / 61.18556°N 131.76000°V / 61.18556; -131.76000 (Liard River (source))
277.100 km2 2.446 m3/s[27] Yukon, British Columbia, Northwest Territories
Liard-River-Nahanni Ranges.jpg
16 Assiniboine River Red River
49°53′09″N 97°07′41″V / 49.88583°N 97.12806°V / 49.88583; -97.12806 (Assiniboine River (mouth))[28]
1.070 km Nær Hazel Dell
52°15′53″N 103°08′48″V / 52.26472°N 103.14667°V / 52.26472; -103.14667 (Assiniboine River (source))
182.000 km2
[n 20]
45 m3/s Saskatchewan, Manitoba
A muddy river floods a wooded urban area with boat docks and riverside seating.
17 Milk River Missouri River
48°03′26″N 106°19′07″V / 48.05722°N 106.31861°V / 48.05722; -106.31861 (Milk River (mouth))[29]
1.005 km
dagger[n 21]
Blackfeet Indian Reservation
48°51′20″N 113°01′10″V / 48.85556°N 113.01944°V / 48.85556; -113.01944 (Milk River (source))[29]
61.200 km2
[n 22]
18,9 m3/s[31] Alberta, Montana
Milkriverpan.jpg
18 Albany River James Bay
52°17′00″N 81°30′59″V / 52.28333°N 81.51639°V / 52.28333; -81.51639 (Albany River (mouth))[32]
982 km
[n 23]
Cat Lake
51°45′00″N 91°53′00″V / 51.75000°N 91.88333°V / 51.75000; -91.88333 (Cat River (source))
135.200 km2 251 m3/s
[n 24]
Ontario
Truckscrossingalbanyriver2004feb20.jpg
19 Severn River Hudson Bay
56°03′22″N 87°34′36″V / 56.05611°N 87.57667°V / 56.05611; -87.57667 (Severn River (mouth))[34]
982 km
[n 25]
Deer Lake
52°37′00″N 94°40′00″V / 52.61667°N 94.66667°V / 52.61667; -94.66667 (Black Birch River (source))
102.800 km2 645 m3/s
[n 26]
Ontario
20 Back River Chantrey Inlet
67°16′00″N 95°15′00″V / 67.26667°N 95.25000°V / 67.26667; -95.25000 (Back River (mouth))[37]
974 km
[n 27]
I nærheden af Aylmer Lake
64°25′00″N 108°27′00″V / 64.41667°N 108.45000°V / 64.41667; -108.45000 (Back River (source))
106.500 km2 612 m3/s[38] Northwest Territories, Nunavut
21 Thelon River Baker Lake
64°16′30″N 96°04′35″V / 64.27500°N 96.07639°V / 64.27500; -96.07639 (Thelon River (mouth))[39]
904 km Lynx Lake
62°20′36″N 106°02′18″V / 62.34333°N 106.03833°V / 62.34333; -106.03833 (Thelon River (source))
142.400 km2 840 m3/s Northwest Territories, Nunavut
A wide river flows slowly through a forest of short, widely spaced evergreen trees.
22 La Grande River James Bay
53°50′03″N 79°03′20″V / 53.83417°N 79.05556°V / 53.83417; -79.05556 (La Grande River (mouth))[40]
893 km Lac Nichicun
53°12′30″N 70°56′00″V / 53.20833°N 70.93333°V / 53.20833; -70.93333 (La Grande River (source))
97.600 km2 1.690 m3/s Quebec
Sunset over a river winding through thick evergreen forests.
23 Red River Lake Winnipeg
50°23′47″N 96°48′39″V / 50.39639°N 96.81083°V / 50.39639; -96.81083 (Red River (mouth))[41]
890 km
dagger[n 28]
Wahpeton og Breckinridge
46°15′52″N 96°35′55″V / 46.26444°N 96.59861°V / 46.26444; -96.59861[43]
287.500 km2
[n 29]
236 m3/s[44] North Dakota, Minnesota, Manitoba
A small river flows through a prairie landscape; brown grasses and leafless trees line the banks.
24 Koksoak River Ungava Bay
58°32′11″N 68°09′29″V / 58.53639°N 68.15806°V / 58.53639; -68.15806 (Koksoak River (mouth))[45]
874 km
[n 30]
Lake Sevestre
52°32′23″N 68°01′15″V / 52.53972°N 68.02083°V / 52.53972; -68.02083 (Caniapiscau River (source))
133.400 km2 2.800 m3/s Quebec
25 Churchill River (Atlantic) Atlantic Ocean
53°20′58″N 60°10′39″V / 53.34944°N 60.17750°V / 53.34944; -60.17750 (Churchill River (mouth))[46]
856 km
[n 31]
Ashuanipi Lake
52°59′20″N 66°14′28″V / 52.98889°N 66.24111°V / 52.98889; -66.24111 (Ashuanipi River (source))
79.800 km2 1.580 m3/s Labrador
26 Coppermine River Coronation Gulf
67°49′09″N 115°03′50″V / 67.81917°N 115.06389°V / 67.81917; -115.06389 (Coppermine River (mouth))[47]
845 km Lac de Gras
64°35′02″N 111°11′24″V / 64.58389°N 111.19000°V / 64.58389; -111.19000 (Coppermine River (source))
50.800 km2[48] 262 m3/s
[n 32]
Northwest Territories, Nunavut
Canoes and tents rest on a sandy spit along a river.
27 Dubawnt River Thelon River
64°32′59″N 100°06′00″V / 64.54972°N 100.10000°V / 64.54972; -100.10000 (Dubawnt River (mouth))[49]
842 km Abitau Lake
60°21′00″N 107°09′00″V / 60.35000°N 107.15000°V / 60.35000; -107.15000 (Dubawnt River (source))
57.500 km2 366 m3/s
[n 33]
Northwest Territories, Nunavut
28 Winnipeg River Lake Winnipeg
50°37′54″N 96°19′13″V / 50.63167°N 96.32028°V / 50.63167; -96.32028 (Winnipeg River (mouth))[51]
813 km
[n 34]
Trap Lake
49°12′42″N 90°26′58″V / 49.21167°N 90.44944°V / 49.21167; -90.44944 (Winnipeg River (source))
135.800 km2
[n 35]
850 m3/s[52] Ontario, Manitoba
Men in canoes approach a tent encampment along a wide river.
29 Kootenay River Columbia River
49°19′0″N 117°39′0″V / 49.31667°N 117.65000°V / 49.31667; -117.65000[53]
780 km
dagger
Beaverfoot Range
51°03′21″N 116°21′55″V / 51.05583°N 116.36528°V / 51.05583; -116.36528 (Kootenay River (source))
50.300 km2
[n 36]
850 m3/s British Columbia, Montana, Idaho
A river flows through forested hills.
30 Nottaway River James Bay
51°22′33″N 78°55′45″V / 51.37583°N 78.92917°V / 51.37583; -78.92917 (Nottaway River (mouth))
776 km
[n 37]

Lake Gilles
48°07′00″N 75°38′00″V / 48.11667°N 75.63333°V / 48.11667; -75.63333 (Megiscane River (source))
65.800 km2 1.190 m3/s Quebec
31 Rupert River James Bay
51°29′35″N 78°45′01″V / 51.49306°N 78.75028°V / 51.49306; -78.75028 (Rupert River (mouth))[54]
763 km
[n 38]
Nord for Lake Mistassini
52°13′11″N 71°32′19″V / 52.21972°N 71.53861°V / 52.21972; -71.53861 (Temiscamie River (source))
43.400 km2 900 m3/s Quebec
A medium-sized river plunges down rapids surrounded by forests.
32 Eastmain River James Bay
52°14′30″N 78°33′38″V / 52.24167°N 78.56056°V / 52.24167; -78.56056 (Eastmain River (mouth))[55]
756 km Lac Bréhat
52°31′30″N 70°52′00″V / 52.52500°N 70.86667°V / 52.52500; -70.86667 (Eastmain River (source))
46.400 km2 930 m3/s Quebec
A frozen river winds through a snowy forest.
33 Attawapiskat River James Bay
52°57′12″N 82°17′43″V / 52.95333°N 82.29528°V / 52.95333; -82.29528 (Attawapiskat River (mouth))[56]
748 km
[n 39]
Attawapiskat Lake
52°10′00″N 87°37′00″V / 52.16667°N 87.61667°V / 52.16667; -87.61667 (Attawapiskat River (source))
50.500 km2 263 m3/s
[n 40]
Ontario
34 Kazan River Thelon River
64°02′30″N 95°29′04″V / 64.04167°N 95.48444°V / 64.04167; -95.48444 (Kazan River (mouth))[58]
732 km
[n 41]
Ennadai Lake
60°55′00″N 101°20′00″V / 60.91667°N 101.33333°V / 60.91667; -101.33333 (Kazan River (source))
71.500 km2 540 m3/s Nunavut
35 Red Deer River South Saskatchewan River
50°58′05″N 110°00′00″V / 50.96806°N 110.00000°V / 50.96806; -110.00000 (Red Deer River (mouth))[59]
724 km Sawback Range
51°32′19″N 116°02′46″V / 51.53861°N 116.04611°V / 51.53861; -116.04611 (Red Deer River (source))
45.100 km2 70 m3/s Alberta
A suspension bridge crosses a wide river.
36 Great Whale River Hudson Bay
55°15′58″N 77°47′04″V / 55.26611°N 77.78444°V / 55.26611; -77.78444 (Great Whale River (mouth))[60]
724 km Lake Saint-Lusson
54°49′30″N 70°32′17″V / 54.82500°N 70.53806°V / 54.82500; -70.53806 (Great Whale River (source))
42.700 km2 680 m3/s Quebec
37 Porcupine River Yukon River
66°35′42″N 145°18′32″V / 66.59500°N 145.30889°V / 66.59500; -145.30889 (Porcupine River (mouth))[61]
721 km
dagger
Ogilvie Mountains
66°32′10″N 138°22′16″V / 66.53611°N 138.37111°V / 66.53611; -138.37111 (Porcupine River (source))
117.900 km2
[n 42]
414 m3/s[62] Yukon, Alaska
A wide river curves by a rocky shore and across a flat plain.
38 Pend d'Oreille River Columbia River
48°59′59″N 117°37′00″V / 48.99972°N 117.61667°V / 48.99972; -117.61667 (Pend d'Oreille River (mouth))[63]
703 km
dagger[n 43]
I nærheden af Butte
46°04′32″N 112°27′56″V / 46.07556°N 112.46556°V / 46.07556; -112.46556 (Silver Bow Creek (source))[67]
66.900 km2
[n 44]
820 m3/s[68] Idaho, Washington, British Columbia
A two-part dam, connected in the middle by an island, blocks a large river downstream of a railroad bridge.
39 Hay River Great Slave Lake
60°51′50″N 115°44′04″V / 60.86389°N 115.73444°V / 60.86389; -115.73444 (Hay River (mouth))[69]
702 km I nærheden af Zama Lake
58°14′14″N 118°51′34″V / 58.23722°N 118.85944°V / 58.23722; -118.85944 (Hay River (source))
48.200 km2 113 m3/s[70] Alberta, Northwest Territories
A medium-sized river flows in bright sunlight through a forest.
40 Saguenay River Saint Lawrence River
48°07′59″N 69°43′59″V / 48.13306°N 69.73306°V / 48.13306; -69.73306 (Saguenay River (mouth))[71]
698 km
[n 45]
I nærheden af Otish Mountains
52°16′17″N 70°48′38″V / 52.27139°N 70.81056°V / 52.27139; -70.81056 (Saguenay River (source))
88.000 km2 1.750 m3/s Quebec
A very wide river flows between low lines of hills.
41 Anderson River Beaufort Sea
69°43′00″N 129°00′09″V / 69.71667°N 129.00250°V / 69.71667; -129.00250 (Anderson River (mouth))[72]
692 km Nordvest for Great Bear Lake
66°57′00″N 124°36′00″V / 66.95000°N 124.60000°V / 66.95000; -124.60000 (Anderson River (source))
142 m3/s
[n 46]
Northwest Territories
42 Peel River Mackenzie River
67°41′49″N 134°31′58″V / 67.69694°N 134.53278°V / 67.69694; -134.53278 (Peel River (mouth))[73]
684 km
[n 47]
Gill Lake
65°19′00″N 139°49′00″V / 65.31667°N 139.81667°V / 65.31667; -139.81667 (Ogilvie River (source))
73.600 km2 103 m3/s[74] Yukon, Northwest Territories
43 Saint John River Bay of Fundy
45°16′00″N 66°04′00″V / 45.26667°N 66.06667°V / 45.26667; -66.06667 (Saint John River (mouth))
673 km
dagger
Somerset County
46°33′47″N 69°53′05″V / 46.56306°N 69.88472°V / 46.56306; -69.88472 (Saint John River (source))
55.200 km2
[n 48]
1.130 m3/s Maine, New Brunswick
A flooding river has inundated roads, trees, and an elegant building.
44 Stewart River Yukon River
63°17′30″N 139°24′42″V / 63.29167°N 139.41167°V / 63.29167; -139.41167 (Stewart River (mouth))[75]
644 km Selwyn Mountains
64°06′35″N 131°42′25″V / 64.10972°N 131.70694°V / 64.10972; -131.70694 (Stewart River (source))
51.000 km2 675 m3/s[76] Yukon
A wide river flows through hills. A sign in the foreground says "Stewart River".
45 Horton River Franklin Bay
69°56′00″N 126°48′09″V / 69.93333°N 126.80250°V / 69.93333; -126.80250 (Horton River (mouth))[77]
618 km Kitikmeot Region, Nunavut
67°51′00″N 120°33′00″V / 67.85000°N 120.55000°V / 67.85000; -120.55000 (Horton River (source))
26.680 km2[78] Nunavut, Northwest Territories
A big river winds across a plain near a bluff.
46 English River Winnipeg River
50°12′04″N 95°00′12″V / 50.20111°N 95.00333°V / 50.20111; -95.00333 (English River (mouth))[79]
615 km I nærheden af Marmion Lake
49°06′00″N 91°16′00″V / 49.10000°N 91.26667°V / 49.10000; -91.26667 (English River (source))
52.300 km2 Ontario
47 Pelly River Yukon River
62°46′46″N 137°20′13″V / 62.77944°N 137.33694°V / 62.77944; -137.33694 (Pelly River (mouth))[80]
608 km Mackenzie Mountains
62°49′00″N 129°53′00″V / 62.81667°N 129.88333°V / 62.81667; -129.88333 (Pelly River (source))
51.000 km2 410 m3/s Yukon
A wide river winds through a forest and by a town.

Kort[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Map showing the location of the rivers on the list
Listens floder på et kort over Canada

Se også[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Eksterne kilder/henvisninger[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Noter
  1. ^ Udspringets geografiske koordinater stammer fra en søgning på hjemmesiden tilknyttet The Atlas of Canada med mindre andet er anført.[3]
  2. ^ Længden er målt fra udspringet af Finlay River i Rocky Mountains i det nordlige British Columbia.[5]
  3. ^ Længden er målt fra udspringet af Nisutlin River, en 240 km lang flod munder ud i Teslin Lake. af den samlede længde på 3.185 km, er de 1.149 km (omkring 36%) i Canada.[5]
  4. ^ Fordelt på 323.800 km2, omkring 39%, i Canada og 515.400 km2, omkring 61%, i USA.[5]
  5. ^ Målt fra fra udspringet af Saint Louis River i Minnesota.[5]
  6. ^ Heraf 839.200 km2 (ca. 62 procent) i Canada og 505,000 km2 i USA.[5]
  7. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Bow River i Banff National Park.[5]
  8. ^ Heraf 690.900km2, ca. 77 procent, i Canada og 201.400 km2 i USA.[5]
  9. ^ Længden er beregnet ved at lægge længden af Peace River til længden af hovedstrømmen for Slave River.[5]
  10. ^ Heraf ca. 801 km, 40 procent i Canada.[5]
  11. ^ Heraf 102.800 km2 (ca. 15 procent) i Canada og 568.500 km2 i USA.[5]
  12. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Bow River i Banff National Park.[5]
  13. ^ Fordelt på 334.100 km² (ca 99,5 procent) i Canada og 1.800 km² i USA.[5]
  14. ^ Fra den øverste del af Finlay River i Rocky Mountains i det nordlige British Columbia.[5]
  15. ^ Fra den øverste del af Churchill Lake i det nordvestlige Saskatchewan.[5]
  16. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Bow River i Banff National Park.[5]
  17. ^ Heraf 144.300 km2 (ca. 99 procent) i Canada og 1.800 km2 i USA.[5]
  18. ^ Heraf 232.300 km2 (ca 99,7 procent) i Canada og 800 km2 i USA.[5]
  19. ^ Rivers of North America angiver et afvandingsområde på 154.880 km2, men det indbefatter Lake Athabasca, Peace–Athabasca Delta og afvandingsområder for Fond du Lac River og nogle af de andre vandløb, der løber til søen.[24]
  20. ^ Heraf 160.600 km2 (ca. 88 procent) i Canada og 21.400 km2 i USA.[5]
  21. ^ Ifølge Milk River Watershed Council løber en 180 km lang strækning af floden gennem Canada. Dette udgør ca. 18 procent af flodens samlede længde.[30]
  22. ^ Heraf 21.600 km2 (ca 35 procent) i Canada og 39.600 km2 i USA.[5]
  23. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Cat River i det nordvestlige Ontario.[5]
  24. ^ Baseret på data fra årene 1968–69, 1973 og 1975–84 ved Hat Island,[33] cirka 200 km fra udmundingen. Afstanden fra udmundingen er beregnet ved hjælp af et værktøj i The Atlas of Canada.[3]
  25. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Black Birch River.[5]
  26. ^ Baseret på data fra årene 1973–74, 1977–79 og 1983–84 ved Limestone Rapids,[35] cirka 40 km fra udmundingen.[36]
  27. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Muskox Lake.[5]
  28. ^ Heraf 255 km eller ca. 29 procent i Canada og 635 km i USA.[42]
  29. ^ Fordelt på 138.600km2 (ca. 48 procent) i Canada og 148.900 km2 i USA.[5]
  30. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Caniapiscau River i det nordlige Québec.[5]
  31. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Ashuanipi River.[5]
  32. ^ Dette er den gennemsnitlige mængde i en afstand af cirka 100 km fra udmundingen, snarere end for selve udmundingen.[48]
  33. ^ Målt ved afløbet fra Marjorie Lake, cirka 50 km fra udmundingen. Den er beregnet ved at konvertere km3/år til m3/s.[50] Afstanden fra mundingen er anslået med en afstandsmåler indeholdt i The Atlas of Canada.[3]
  34. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Firesteel River i det nordvestlige Ontario.[5]
  35. ^ Heraf 106.500 km2 i Canada (cirka 78 procent) og 29.300 km2 i USA.[5]
  36. ^ Heraf 37.700 km2 (ca. 52 procent) i Canada og 12.600 km2 i USA.
  37. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Megiscane River.[5]
  38. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Temiscamie River.[5]
  39. ^ Målt fra søen Attawapiskat Lake.[5]
  40. ^ Baseret på data fra årene 1967–80 og 1982–84 ved udspringet (Attawpiskat Lake), snarere end ved flodens udmunding.[57]
  41. ^ Målt fra søen Ennadai Lake.[5]
  42. ^ Heraf 61.400 km2 i Canada (ca. 52 procent) og 56.500 km2 i USA.[5]
  43. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Silver Bow Creek. Længden er beregnet ved at lægge afstanden mellem udmundingen og søen Pend Oreille Lake (ca. 220 km)[64] til længden af Clark Fork River og dets primære tilløb, Silver Bow Creek (ca. 480 km).[65] Ud af denne samlede længde befinder kun 22 km (ca. 3 procent) sig i Canada.[66]
  44. ^ Heraf 1.600 km2 i Canada (ca. 2 procent) og 65.000 km2 i USA.[66]
  45. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Peribonka River.[5]
  46. ^ Målt ved Carnwath River, cirka 150 km fra udmundingen af Anderson River. Den er beregnet ved at konvertere km3/år til m3/s.[50] Afstanden fra udmundingen er anslået ved hjælp af et værktøj i The Atlas of Canada.[3]
  47. ^ Målt fra den øverste del af Ogilvie River.[5]
  48. ^ Heraf 35.000 km2 (ca. 63 procent) i Canada og 19.700 km2 i USA.[5]
Referencer
  1. ^ The Road Atlas. Chicago, Illinois: Rand McNally & Company. 2008. ISBN 0-528-93961-0. 
  2. ^ a b c Fra The Atlas of Canada hvis ikke andet er nævnt
  3. ^ a b c d The Atlas of Canada, Advanced Search. Natural Resources Canada. Hentet 18. maj 2011. 
  4. ^ "Mackenzie River, Northwest Territories". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 18. maj 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai "Rivers". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 15. maj 2011. 
  6. ^ "Yukon River". Geographic Names Information System (United States Geological Survey). 31. marts 1981. Hentet 4. februar 2011. 
  7. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 796
  8. ^ "Saint Lawrence River". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 3. februar 2011. 
  9. ^ "Saint Louis River". Geographic Names Information System (United States Geological Survey (USGS)). 11. januar 1980. Hentet 19. maj 2011. 
  10. ^ "Nelson River, Manitoba". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 16. maj 2011. 
  11. ^ "Slave River, Northwest Territories". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 30. maj 2011. 
  12. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 843
  13. ^ "Columbia River". Geographic Names Information System (United States Geological Survey). 28. november 1980. 
  14. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 646
  15. ^ "Saskatchewan River, Manitoba". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 16. maj 2011. 
  16. ^ "Peace River, Alberta". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 16. maj 2011. 
  17. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 844
  18. ^ "Churchill River, Manitoba". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 8. maj 2011. 
  19. ^ "South Saskatchewan River, Saskatchewan". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 7. maj 2011. 
  20. ^ "Fraser River, British Columbia". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 25. maj 2011. 
  21. ^ "North Saskatchewan River, Saskatchewan". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 16. maj 2011. 
  22. ^ Ottawa River, Ontario. Natural Resources Canada. Hentet 16. maj 2011. 
  23. ^ "Athabasca River, Alberta". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 16. maj 2011. 
  24. ^ a b Benke og Cushing, p. 845
  25. ^ "Liard River, Northwest Territories". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 12. maj 2011. 
  26. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 815
  27. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 842
  28. ^ "Assiniboine River, Manitoba". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). 
  29. ^ a b "Milk River". Geographic Names Information System (United States Geological Survey (USGS)). 4. april 1980. Hentet 5. februar 2011. 
  30. ^ (PDF)Milk River State of the Watershed Report, Part 3. Milk River Watershed Council. 2008. Hentet 19. februar 2011. 
  31. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 475
  32. ^ "Albany River, Ontario". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 16. maj 2011. 
  33. ^ SAGE: Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (13. februar 2010). "Severn". River Discharge Database (University of Wisconsin). Hentet 23. maj 2011. 
  34. ^ "Severn River, Ontario". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 22. maj 2011. 
  35. ^ SAGE: Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (13. februar 2010). "Severn". River Discharge Database (University of Wisconsin). Hentet 23. maj 2011. 
  36. ^ Dymond, J.R.; Scott, W.B. (21. november 1941). "Fishes of the Patricia Portion of the Kenora District, Ontario". Copeia. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. 1941 (4): 243.  Skabelonen anvender en frarådet parameter |coauthors= (hjælp)
  37. ^ "Back River, Nunavut". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 4. maj 2011. 
  38. ^ Marsh, James. "Back River". The Canadian Encyclopedia (Historica Dominion Institute). Hentet 3. maj 2011. 
  39. ^ "Thelon River, Nunavut". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 5. maj 2011. 
  40. ^ (in French)La Grande Rivière. Gouvernement du Québec. Hentet 16. maj 2011. 
  41. ^ "Red River". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 17. januar 2011. 
  42. ^ (PDF)Red River of the North: A Water Trail Guide. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2010. Hentet 29. maj 2011. 
  43. ^ "Red River of the North". Geographic Names Information System (United States Geological Survey (USGS)). 1. januar 2000. Hentet 29. maj 2011. 
  44. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 896
  45. ^ (in French)Rivière Koksoak. Gouvernement du Québec. Hentet 16. maj 2011. 
  46. ^ "Churchill River, Newfoundland and Labrador". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 13. maj 2011. 
  47. ^ "Coppermine River, Nunavut". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 25. maj 2011. 
  48. ^ a b (PDF)Coppermine River: Overview of the Hydrology and Water Quality. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. 13. juli 2010. ss. 1–5. Hentet 3. maj 2011. 
  49. ^ "Dubawnt River, Nunavut". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 22. maj 2011. 
  50. ^ a b List of Arctic RIMS Discharge Stations. University of New Hampshire. Hentet 22. maj 2011. 
  51. ^ "Winnipeg River, Manitoba". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 15. maj 2011. 
  52. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 898
  53. ^ "Kootenay River, British Columbia". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 19. maj 2011. 
  54. ^ "Rivière Rupert". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 26. maj 2011. 
  55. ^ "Rivière Eastmain". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 26. maj 2011. 
  56. ^ "Attawapiskat River, Ontario". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). 
  57. ^ SAGE: Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (13. februar 2010). "Attawapiskat". River Discharge Database (University of Wisconsin). Hentet 23. maj 2011. 
  58. ^ "Kazan River, Nunavut". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). 
  59. ^ "Red Deer River, Alberta". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 27. maj 2011. 
  60. ^ "Grande rivière de la Baleine, Quebec". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 27. maj 2011. 
  61. ^ "Porcupine River". Geographic Names Information System (United States Geological Survey). 1. januar 2000. Hentet 21. maj 2011. 
  62. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 802
  63. ^ "Pend-d'Oreille River, British Columbia". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 6. juni 2011. 
  64. ^ United States Geological Survey. Hope, Idaho, quadrangle. TopoQuest. Hentet 6. juni 2011. 
  65. ^ Merriam Webster's Geographical Dictionary (3rd udg.). Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster, Inc.. 1998. s. 258. ISBN 0-87779-546-0. 
  66. ^ a b Swain, L.G. (August 2007) (PDF). Canada–British Columbia Water Quality Monitoring Agreement: Water Quality Assessment of Pend d’Oreille River at Waneta (1980–2006). British Columbia Ministry of Environment. s. 1. Hentet 6. juni 2011. 
  67. ^ "Silver Bow Creek". Geographic Names Information System (United States Geological Survey). 4. april 1980. Hentet 6. juni 2011. 
  68. ^ (PDF)Waneta Hydroelectric Expansion Project EAC Application. Government of British Columbia. May 2006. s. 12. Hentet 8. juni 2011. 
  69. ^ "Hay River, Northwest Territories". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 29. maj 2011. 
  70. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 848
  71. ^ "Saguenay River, Quebec". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 23. maj 2011. 
  72. ^ "Anderson River, Northwest Territories". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 22. maj 2011. 
  73. ^ "Peel River, Northwest Territories". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 19. maj 2011. 
  74. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 850
  75. ^ "Stewart River, Yukon". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 25. maj 2011. 
  76. ^ Benke og Cushing, p. 800
  77. ^ "Horton River, Northwest Territories". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 22. maj 2011. 
  78. ^ Giberson, Donna J.; Shaverdo, Helena V. (Fall 2003). "Update on the survey of aquatic insects from Keewatin and Mackenzie project: The predaceous water beetles (Coleoptera: Adephaga: Dytiscidae and Gyrinidae)". Newsletter of the Biological Survey of Canada (Terrestrial Arthropods). University of Alberta. 22 (2). Hentet 27. maj 2011.  Skabelonen anvender en frarådet parameter |coauthors= (hjælp)
  79. ^ "English River, Ontario". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). Hentet 22. maj 2011. 
  80. ^ "Pelly River, Yukon". The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada). 2. april 2004. Hentet 18. maj 2011. 
  • Benke, Arthur C. (red) og Cushing, Colbert E. (red) Rivers of North America. Burlington, Massachusetts: Elsevier Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-088253-1.