Hagebøsse

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Schweizisk soldat fra slutningen af 1300-tallet der affyrer en hagebøsse med sortkrudt og ladestok. Illustration fra 1874.

En hagebøsse også kendt som en håndkanon er den første rigtige type skydevåben, og efterfølgeren til ildlansen.[1] Det er den ældste type små skydevåben samt den makinsk mest simple type, idet den i den simpleste form består af et metalløb. Til forskel fra skydevåben med luntelås kræver den direkte manuel antænding af krudtet i fænghullet, og har ikke nogen form for affyringsmekanisme. Det kan betragtes som en forløber for håndvåben og geværer. Hagebøssen var vidt udbredt i Kina fra 1200-tallet og fremefter, og fra slutningen af 1300-tallet i Europa, hvor den blev brugt frem til 1560'erne, hvor de blev suppleret med arkebuser, der var den først type skydevåben med luntelås og aftrækker.[2]

De allertidligste hagebøsser var små kanoner der blev holdt i armene eller på et lille stativ. De udviklede sig til at blive sat på et skaft, så de kunne holdes med den ene hånd mens den anden hånd holdt luntestokken.

Den ældste bevarede hagebøsse fra Danmark er vedelspangbøssen fra omkring år 1400.

Galleri[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Se også[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Referencer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  1. ^ Patrick 1961, s. 6.
  2. ^ Andrade 2016, s. 76.

Litteratur[redigér | redigér wikikode]

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