Kulstofneutralt brændstof

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Kulstofneutrale brændstoffer kan henføre til mange forskellige energibrændstoffer eller energisystemer, som netto ikke beriger atmosfæren med CO2. En klasse er syntetisk brændstof (inklusiv methan, benzin, dieselolie, jetbrændstof eller ammoniak[1]) produceret via vedvarende energi ved at anvende hydrogenering af carbondioxid hentet fra luften.[2][3][4][5] Sådanne brændstoffer er potentielt kulstofneutrale fordi de netto ikke bidrager til atmosfærens CO2.[6][7]

Fremstilling af kulstof-neutralt brændstof er et eksempel på CO2-neutral energilagring.

Se også[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Kilder/referencer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  1. ^ Leighty and Holbrook (2012) "Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Stranded Renewable as Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines" Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition November 9–15, 2012, Houston, Texas
  2. ^ Zeman, Frank S.; Keith, David W. (2008). "Carbon neutral hydrocarbons" (PDF). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 366: 3901-18. doi:10.1098/rsta.2008.0143. Arkiveret (PDF) fra originalen 25. maj 2013. Hentet 7. september 2012.  (Review.)
  3. ^ Wang, Wei; Wang, Shengping; Ma, Xinbin; Gong, Jinlong (2011). "Recent advances in catalytic hydrogenation of carbon dioxide". Chemical Society Reviews. 40 (7): 3703-27. doi:10.1039/C1CS15008A. Hentet 6. juli 2013.  (Review.)
  4. ^ MacDowell, Niall; et al. (2010). "An overview of CO2 capture technologies". Energy and Environmental Science. 3 (11): 1645-69. doi:10.1039/C004106H. Hentet 7. september 2012.  (Review.)
  5. ^ Eisaman, Matthew D.; et al. (2012). "CO2 extraction from seawater using bipolar membrane electrodialysis" (PDF). Energy and Environmental Science. 5 (6): 7346-52. doi:10.1039/C2EE03393C. Hentet 6. juli 2013. 
  6. ^ Graves, Christopher; Ebbesen, Sune D.; Mogensen, Mogens; Lackner, Klaus S. (2011). "Sustainable hydrocarbon fuels by recycling CO2 and H2O with renewable or nuclear energy". Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 15 (1): 1-23. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.07.014.  (Review.)
  7. ^ Socolow, Robert (1. juni 2011). Direct Air Capture of CO2 with Chemicals: A Technology Assessment for the APS Panel on Public Affairs. American Physical Society. Hentet 7. september 2012. 

Yderligere læsning[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  • McDonald, Thomas M.; Lee, Woo Ram; Mason, Jarad A.; Wiers, Brian M.; Hong, Chang Seop; Long, Jeffrey R. (2012). "Capture of Carbon Dioxide from Air and Flue Gas in the Alkylamine-Appended Metal–Organic Framework mmen-Mg2(dobpdc)". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 134 (16): 7056-65. doi:10.1021/ja300034j.  — has 10 citing articles as of September 2012, many of which discuss efficiency and cost of air and flue recovery.
  • Kulkarni, Ambarish R.; Sholl, David S. (2012). "Analysis of Equilibrium-Based TSA Processes for Direct Capture of CO2 from Air". Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 51 (25): 8631-45. doi:10.1021/ie300691c.  — claims USD $100/ton CO2 extraction from air, not counting capital expenses.

Eksterne henvisninger[redigér | redigér wikikode]