Nizami Ganjavi

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Nizami Ganjavi
Aktiv 12. århundrede
Nizami Rug Crop.jpg
Område: Persisk litteratur
Født: 1141
Død: 1209
Nationalitet: Perser
Genre(r): Romantik Persisk Epos, Persisk litteratur, visdom litteratur.
Påvirket af: Firdausi, Fakhruddin As'ad Gurgani, Sanai, Asadi Tusi, Khaqani
Har påvirket: Saadi, Amir Khusro, Rumi, Hafiz, Khwaju Kermani, Jami, Vahshi Bafqi, Maktabi Shirazi, Salman Saveji, Hatefi, Jamali, Ali-Shir Nava'i, Fuzûlî, Ahmad Khani og generalt senere andre digtere i den Øst Islamiske Verden.

Nizami Ganjavi (persisk: نظامی گنجوی) var en Persisk[1][2][3][4] digter i det 12. århundrede. Nizami betragtes som den bedste romantiske digter i Persisk litteratur.


Liv[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Hans personlige navn var Ilyas[5] og hans udvalgte pen-navn var Nezami (også stavet som Nizami og Neẓāmi). Han blev født i Gandja (nu dagens Aserbajdsjan) og menes at have tilbragt hele sit liv i det sydlige Kaukasus. Ifølge De Blois, havde byen Gandja en meget stor Iransk befolkning.[5] Den Armenske historiker Kirakos Gandzaketsi (ca. 1200-1271) nævner, at: " Denne by blev tæt befolket med Iranerne og et mindre antal Kristne ".[6]


Kilder[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  1. ^ Bernard Lewis, “Music of a distant drum”, Princeton University Press, 2001. Pg 9: “The Persians went a step further, creating authentic epic tradition comparables with those of Greece, Rome and the Vikings. This too, became in time, a form of Persian national self definition. The most famous of Persian epic poets, Firdawsi (940-1020) has been translated several times. An extract from the story of Farhad and Shirin, as told by the twelfth century Persian poet Nizami, exmpelified another form of narrative”
  2. ^ Julie Scott Meisami, Paul Starkeym, “Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature”, Taylor & Francis, 1998. Pg 69:“In Arabic literature there has been no artistic elaboration of the story comparable to that undertaken by the Persian poet Nizami “
  3. ^ BACHER, WILHELM. (2011). In Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved from BACHER, WILHELM – Encyclopaedia Iranica "he earned his doctorate writing a dissertation on the life and poetry of the Persian poet Nezāmī"
  4. ^ Gäncä. (2011). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from Ganca (Azerbaijan) -- Encyclopedia Britannica "Notable buildings include Dzhuma-Mechet Mosque (built 1620) and the modern mausoleum of the 12th-century Persian poet Neẓāmī Ganjavī."
  5. ^ a b C. A. (Charles Ambrose) Storey and François de Blois (2004), "Persian Literature - A Biobibliographical Survey: Volume V Poetry of the Pre-Mongol Period.", RoutledgeCurzon; 2nd revised edition (June 21, 2004). ISBN 0-947593-47-0. p. 363: "Nizami Ganja’i, whose personal name was Ilyas, is the most celebrated native poet of the Persians after Firdausi. His nisbah designates him as a native of Ganja (Elizavetpol, Kirovabad) in Azerbaijan, then still a country with an Iranian population, and he spent the whole of his life in Transcaucasia; the verse in some of his poetic works which makes him a native of the hinterland of Qom is a spurious interpolation." www.amazon.com (p. 438 of Amazon link).
  6. ^ Kirakos Gandzakatsi Kirakos Gandzakats'i's History of the Armenians / translation from Classical Armenian by Robert Bedrosian. — New York: 1986. — p. 197. Excerpt: "This city was densely populated with Iranians and a small number of Christians.". Available also at: Kirakos Gandzakets'i, Patmut'iwn Hayots' [Kirakos of Gandzak, History of Armenia], edited by K.A. Melik'-Ohanjanyan, (Erevan, 1961), p. 235: "Ays k'aghak's bazmambox lts'eal parsko'k', ayl sakaw ew k'ristone'iwk'..."