Pandora Papers

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Pandora Papers er en samling af 11,9 millioner lækkede dokumenter (omfattende 2,9 terabyte data), der blev offentliggjort af International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) fra den 3. oktober 2021. [1] [2] [3] Nyhedsorganisationerne i ICIJ beskrev dokumentlækagen som deres bredeste afsløring af finansiel hemmeligholdelse nogensinde, indeholdende dokumenter, billeder, e-mails og regneark fra 14 finansielle servicevirksomheder i lande, herunder Panama, Schweiz og UAE, [4] [5] hvilket overgik deres tidligere udgivelse af Panama Papers i 2016, som havde 11,5 millioner fortrolige dokumenter. [6] [7] [8] [9] På tidspunktet for offentliggørelsen af papirerne sagde ICIJ, at de ikke ville identificere kilden til dokumenterne. [10]

Ifølge nyhedsrapporter kan op imod 32 billioner amerikanske dollars (eksklusive ikke-monetære værdigenstande som fast ejendom, kunst og smykker) være blevet skjult for at undgå beskatning. [11] [12]

Datakilder[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

De lækkede filer kommer fra 14 offshore-serviceudbydere, som hjælper klienter med at etablere virksomheder i hemmeligholdelsesjurisdiktioner. [13]

Offshore-serviceudbydere[14]
Udbyder Fortegnelser Tidsperiode Stiftelse af kontorlokation Grundlagt
All About Offshore Limited 270.328 2002–2019 Seychellerne Seychellerne 2007
Alemán, Cordero, Galindo & Lee 2.185.783 1970–2019 Panama Panama 1985
Alpha Consulting Limited 823.305 1996–2020 Seychellerne Seychellerne 2008
Asiaciti Trust Asia Limited 1.800.650 1996–2019 Hongkong Hong Kong 1978
CCS Trust Limited 149.378 2001–2017 Belize Belize 2005
CIL Trust International 459.476 1996–2019 Belize Belize 1994
Commence Overseas Limited 8.661 2004–2017 Britiske Jomfruøer De Britiske Jomfruøer 1992
Demetrios A. Demetriades LLC 469.184 1993–2021 Cypern Cypern 1966
Fidelity Corporate Services Limited 213.733 1998–2019 Britiske Jomfruøer De Britiske Jomfruøer 2005
Glenn D. Godfrey and Company LLP 189.907 1980–2019 Belize Belize 2003
Il Shin 1.575.840 1996–2020 Hongkong Hong Kong 2004
Overseas Management Company Inc. 190.477 1997–2020 Panama Panama 1961
SFM Corporate Services 191.623 2000–2019 Schweiz Schweiz

Forenede Arabiske Emirater Forenede Arabiske Emirater

2006
Trident Trust Company Limited 3.375.331 1970–2019 Britiske JomfruøerDe Britiske Jomfruøer 1986

Advokatfirma i Alcogal[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

En ICIJ-rapport rettede fokus mod det panamanske advokatfirma Alemán, Cordero, Galindo & Lee (Alcogal), der sagde, at de var "advokatfirmaet i den latinamerikanske elite" [15] der skabte mindst 14.000 skuffeselskaber i skattely. Alcogal blev oftere nævnt end nogen anden offshore-udbyder i de lækkede dokumenter. [16]

Deltagende medier[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

I forbindelse med afsløringen af Pandora Papers arbejdede ICIJ sammen med journalister fra 91 medier[17] i 117 lande, herunder nyhedsorganisationer så som The Washington Post, L'Espresso, Le Monde, El País, Süddeutsche Zeitung, PBS-programmet Frontline, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, The Guardian og BBC's Panorama.[18]

Følgende medievirksomheder medvirkede til undersøgelsen:[17]

Se også[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

Referencer[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

  1. ^ Miller, Greg; Cenziper, Debbie; Whoriskey, Peter (3 October 2021). "Pandora Papers – A Global Investigation – Billions Hidden Beyond Reach – Trove of secret files details opaque financial universe where global elite shield riches from taxes, probes and accountability". The Washington Post. Hentet 3 October 2021. 
  2. ^ Díaz-Struck, Emilia; et al. (3 October 2021). "Pandora Papers: An offshore data tsunami – The Pandora Papers's 11.9 million records arrived from 14 different offshore services firms in a jumble of files and formats – even ink-on-paper – presenting a massive data-management challenge". International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. Hentet 4 October 2021. 
  3. ^ Pandora Papers reporting team (4 October 2021). "Pandora Papers: A simple guide to the Pandora Papers leak". BBC News. Hentet 4 October 2021. 
  4. ^ "Offshore havens and hidden riches of world leaders and billionaires exposed in unprecedented leak – ICIJ" (engelsk). Hentet 3 October 2021. 
  5. ^ "Pandora Papers: Secret wealth and dealings of world leaders exposed". BBC News. Hentet 3 October 2021. 
  6. ^ "Bigger than Panama: Several Pakistani names on upcoming Pandora Papers". Samaa TV (engelsk). 2 October 2021. 
  7. ^ "Pandora Papers: Exposé featuring financial secrets of high-profile individuals to be released Sunday". www.geo.tv (engelsk). 2 October 2021. 
  8. ^ "ICIJ set to release Pandora Papers same like Panama Papers". Dunya News. 2 October 2021. 
  9. ^ Ghumman, Faisal Ali (2 October 2021). "ICIJ 'to release' Pandora Papers (Panama-2) also involving Pakistanis tomorrow". GNN – Pakistan's Largest News Portal (engelsk). Hentet 2 October 2021. 
  10. ^ The Guardian investigations team (3 October 2021). "Pandora papers: biggest ever leak of offshore data exposes financial secrets of rich and powerful". The Guardian (engelsk). Hentet 3 October 2021. 
  11. ^ Pandora Papers reporting team (4 October 2021). "Pandora Papers: A simple guide to the Pandora Papers leak". BBC News. Hentet 4 October 2021. Pandora Papers reporting team (4 October 2021). "Pandora Papers: A simple guide to the Pandora Papers leak". BBC News. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  12. ^ Miller, Greg; Cenziper, Debbie; Whoriskey, Peter (3 October 2021). "VIDEO (at 7:12 of 7:43 total) – Pandora Papers – A Global Investigation – Billions Hidden Beyond Reach – Trove of secret files details opaque financial universe where global elite shield riches from taxes, probes and accountability". The Washington Post. Hentet 3 October 2021. 
  13. ^ "Who are the firms at the heart of the Pandora Papers?". ICIJ. 3 October 2021. Hentet 3 October 2021. 
  14. ^ "Who are the firms at the heart of the Pandora Papers?". ICIJ. 3 October 2021. Hentet 3 October 2021. "Who are the firms at the heart of the Pandora Papers?". ICIJ. 3 October 2021. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  15. ^ ICIJ [ICIJorg] (3 October 2021). "They include Alcogal, a go-to law firm of the Latin American elite has created at least 14,000 shell companies and trusts in tax havens, more than any other offshore provider in the leaked documents" (Tweet). 
  16. ^ Medina, Brenda (3 October 2021). "When Latin America's elite wanted to hide their wealth, they turned to this Panama firm – ICIJ". ICIJ (engelsk). Hentet 3 October 2021. 
  17. ^ a b Shiel, Fergus (4 October 2021). "About the Pandora Papers" (engelsk). ICIJ. Hentet 4 October 2021. 
  18. ^ "Hidden offshore treasures of rich and powerful revealed". The News International (engelsk). 4 October 2021. Hentet 2021-10-04. 

Eksterne henvisninger[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

  • Pandora Papers hos International Consortium of Investigative Journalists