Osmannisk storvesir

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Osmanniske storvesirer var de højeste ministre for sultanen i det osmanniske rige med absolut magt og i princippet kun underlagt sultanen selv. Han holdt det kejserlige segl og kunne indkalde alle andre visirer til at varetage statens anliggender. De blev kaldt "Kubbealtı viziers" med henvisning til deres mødested, den Kubbealtı (under kuplen) i Topkapi-paladset. Hans kontor var placeret ved hovedporten. I de spirende faser af den osmanniske stat var vesir det den eneste anvendte titel. Den første af dem, der bar titlen storvesir, var Çandarlı Kara Halil Hayreddin Pasha. Kun storvesiren havde sutanens segl. Den oprindelige titlel Vezir-i Azam blev gradvist erstattet af sadrazam; begge betyder stor vesir. Gennem den osmanniske historie har de store visirer også været blevet betegnet som sadr-ı Ali ('høj vesir «), vekil-i mutlak (højeste rådgiver), sahib-i devlet (indehaver af staten), serdar-ı Ekrem , serdar-ı Azam og zat-ı âsafî.

Liste over storvesirer i det osmanniske rige:

Ottoman Coat of Arms Ottoman Storvesir Ottoman Flag

Storvesir

Storvesir Startet embede Forladt embede Baggrundsnotater
1. Alaeddin Pasha[1] 1320 1331 Tyrkiet[2]
2. Nizamüddin Ahmed Pasha 1331 1348 Tyrkiet[3]
3. Hacı Pasha 1348 1349 Tyrkiet[3]
4. Sinanüddin Fakih Yusuf Pasha 1349 1364 Tyrkiet[3]
5. Çandarlı Kara Halil Hayreddin Pasha 1364 22 Januar 1387 Tyrkiet, from Cendere (or Çandar) village near Ankara, see Çandarlı Family. The first vizier to hold the title "grand vizier" and also the first with a military background.
6. Çandarlı Ali Pasha 1387 1406 Tyrkiet[4] (Çandarlı Family)
7. "Osmancıklı" Imamzade Halil Pasha 1406 1413 Tyrkiet,[4] from Osmancık
8. "Amasyalı" Beyazid Pasha 1413 1421 Tyrkiet,[4] from Amasya
9. Çandarlı (1st) İbrahim Pasha 1421 1429 Tyrkiet[4] (Çandarlı Family)
10. Amasyalı Hazır Dânişmendoğlu Koca Mehmed Nizamüddin Pasha 1429 1439 Tyrkiet,[4] fra Osmancık og Amasya
11. Çandarlı (2nd) Halil Pasha 1439 1 Juni 1453 Tyrkiet[5] (Çandarlı Family). First grand vizier who was executed.
12. Zaganos Pasha 1453 1456 Albanien
13. Mahmud Pasha Angelović (1st time) 1456 1468 Grækenland[5][5] og Serbien[Kilde mangler].
14. Rum Mehmed Pasha 1468 1469 Grækenland[5]
15. İshak Pasha (1. gang) 1469 1472 Serbien.[5][5][6]
16. Mahmud Pasha Angelović (2. gang) 1472 1474 Grækenland[5] or Serb[5] [Kilde mangler].
17. Gedik Ahmed Pasha 1474 1477 Albanien[7] or Greek[7] or Serb.[8]
18. Karamanlı Mehmed Pasha 1477 1481 Tyrkiet,[7] fra Karaman
19. İshak Pasha (1. gang) 1481 1482 Serbien[7] og Grækenland.[6][7]
20. Davud Pasha 1482 1497 Albanien[7]
21. Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha (Ahmed Hercegović) (1. gang) 1497 1498 fra Bosnien, søn af Herzeg Stjepan Vukčić Kosača
22. Çandarlı (2nd) İbrahim Pasha 1498 1499 Tyrkiet[9] (Çandarlı Family)
23. Mesih Pasha 1499 1501 Grækenland
24. Hadim Ali Pasha (1. gang) 1501 1503 Devşirme,[10] Bosnienk, from the noble Boronivic family (Hadim = Manservant)
25. Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha (Ahmed Hercegović) (1. gang) 1503 1506 Bosnienk fra Bosnien, søn af Herzeg Stjepan Vukčić Kosača
26. Hadim Ali Pasha (2nd time) 1506 1511 Devşirme,[10] Bosnienk, fra Boronivic familien (Hadim = Manservant)
27. Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha (Ahmed Hercegović) (3. gang) 1511 1511 Bosnienk from Bosnien, son of Herzeg Stjepan Vukčić Kosača
28. Koca Mustafa Pasha 1511 1512 Frenk[11] or Greek[11]
29. Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha (Ahmed Hercegović) (4. gang) 1512 28 November 1514 Bosnienk from Bosnien, son of Herzeg Stjepan Vukčić Kosača
30. Dukakinzade Ahmed Pasha 18 December 1514 8 September 1515 Albanien[12]
31. Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha (Ahmed Hercegović) (5. gang) 8 September 1515 26 April 1516 Bosnienk from Bosnien, son of Herzeg Stjepan Vukčić Kosača
32. Hadım Sinan Pasha 26 April 1516 22 Januar 1517 Devşirme,[10] Bosnienk, from the noble Boronivic family (Hadim = Manservant)
33. Yunus Pasha 22 Januar 1517 13 September 1517 Devşirme,[10] unknown origin.
34. Piri Mehmed Pasha 25 Januar 1518 27 Juni 1523 Tyrkiet,[10] from Aksaray
35. Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha, also called Frenk İbrahim Pasha 27 Juni 1523 14 Marts 1536 Greek from Parga (The nickname Frenk refers to his European manners and tastes)
36. Ayas Mehmed Pasha 14 Marts 1536 13 Juli 1539 Albanien [13]
37. Çelebi Lütfi Pasha 13 Juli 1539 April 1541 Albanien,[14] from Avlonya (Vlorë) (Çelebi = a refined gentleman with good manners)
38. Hadim Süleyman Pasha April 1541 28 November 1544 Devşirme[14] unknown origin (Hadim = Manservant)
39. Kehle-i-ikbâl Damad Rüstem Pasha (1. gang) 28 November 1544 6 Oktober 1553 Bosnienk[14] fra Bosnien(Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
40. Kara Ahmed Pasha 6 Oktober 1553 29 September 1555 Albanien[15]
41. Kehle-i-ikbâl Damad Rüstem Pasha (2. gang) 29 September 1555 10 Juli 1561 Bosnienk[15] fra Bosnien ; (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
42. Semiz Ali Pasha 10 Juli 1561 28 Juni 1565 Bosnien[15]
43. Sokollu Mehmed Pasha (Мехмед-паша Соколовић) 28 Juni 1565 12 Oktober 1579 Serbien [16] [16][17]
44. Şemsi Pasha[Kilde mangler] 12 Oktober 1579 28 April 1580 Tyrkiet[Kilde mangler]
45.Vekîl-i Saltanat Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha 28 April 1580 7 August 1580 Albanien[Kilde mangler] (Lala = a tutor to a Sultan)
46. Koca Sinan Pasha (1st time) 7 August 1580 6 December 1582 Albanien[18]
47. Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha (1st time) 24 December 1582 25 Juli 1584 Bosnien[18] or Hungarian[18] extraction, from Kanije
48. Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha 28 Juli 1584 29 Oktober 1585 Tyrkiet[19] or Circassian[19] Mameluks
49. Hadim Mesih Pasha 1 November 1585 14 April 1586 Devşirme[19] unknown origin (Hadim = Manservant)
50. Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha (2nd time) 14 April 1586 2 April 1589 Bosnien[20] or Hungarian[20] extraction, from Kanije
49. Koca Sinan Pasha (2nd time) 14 April 1589 1 August 1591 Albanien[20]
50. Serdar Ferhad Pasha (1st time) 1 August 1591 4 April 1592 Albanien[20]
51. Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha (3rd time) 4 April 1592 28 Januar 1593 Bosnien[20] or Hungarian[20] extraction, from Kanije
52. Koca Sinan Pasha (3rd time) 28 Januar 1593 16 February 1595 Albanien[21]
53. Serdar Ferhad Pasha (2nd time) 16 February 1595 7 Juli 1595 Albanien[21]
54. Koca Sinan Pasha (4th time) 7 Juli 1595 19 November 1595 Albanien[21]
55. Tekeli Lala Mehmed Pasha 19 November 1595 28 November 1595 Tyrkiet,[22] from Manisa (Lala = Tutor to a Sultan)
56. Koca Sinan Pasha (5th time) 1 December 1595 3 April 1596 Albanien[22]
57. Damad Ibrahim Pasha (1st time) 4 April 1596 27 Oktober 1596 Bosnien[22] [Kilde mangler] (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
58. (Cağaloğlu/Cağalazâde) Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha 27 Oktober 1596 5 December 1596 Italian.[23] From the noble Genoese family of Cicala.
59. Damad Ibrahim Pasha (2nd time) 5 December 1596 3 November 1597 Bosnien,[23] [Kilde mangler] (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
60. Hadim Hasan Pasha 3 November 1597 9 April 1598 Devşirme[23] unknown origin
61. Cerrah Mehmed Pasha 9 April 1598 6 Januar 1599 Devşirme (?)[24] (Cerrah = Surgeon)
62. Damad Ibrahim Pasha (3rd time) 6 Januar 1599 10 Juli 1601 Bosnien,[24] [Kilde mangler] (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
63. Yemişçi Hasan Pasha 22 Juli 1601 4 Oktober 1603 Albanien[24] (Yemişçi = Fruit-vendor; in reference to his previous profession)
63. Yavuz Ali Pasha 16 Oktober 1603 26 Juli 1604 Bosnien,[25] [Kilde mangler]. "The Malkoçoğlu Family, properly known as Malković, were of Serb origin".[26]
64. Sokolluzade Lala Mehmed Pasha 5 August 1604 21 Juni 1606 Serb [25] (Lala = Tutor to a Sultan). Sokollu Mehmed Pasha's nephew.
66. Dervish Mehmed Pasha 21 Juni 1606 9 December 1606 Bosnien[25]
67. Kuyucu Murad Pasha 11 December 1606 5 August 1611 Bosnien[27] (Kuyucu = The well-digger; name given since he had the habit of burying his enemies in wells)
68. Gümülcineli Damad Nasuh Pasha 5 August 1611 17 Oktober 1614 Albanien,[27] from Gümülcine. (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty). One of the seven husbands of Ahmed I's daughter Ayşe Sultan.
69. Öküz Kara Mehmed Pasha (1st time) 17 Oktober 1614 17 November 1616 Tyrkiet,[27] from Istanbul (Öküz = Oxen; literally Mehmed Pasha the Oxen; name given since he was heavily built)
70. Damad Halil Pasha (1st time) 17 November 1616 18 Januar 1619 Armenian,[28] from Zeytun (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
71. Öküz Kara Mehmed Pasha (2nd time) 18 Januar 1619 23 December 1619 Tyrkiet,[28] from Istanbul
72. Güzelce Ali Pasha 23 December 1619 9 Marts 1621 (?)[28] (Güzelce = Handsome)
73. Ohrili Hüseyin Pasha 9 Marts 1621 17 September 1621 Albanien,[29] from Ohri
74. Dilaver Pasha 17 September 1621 20 May 1622 Bosnien[29]
75. Kara Davud Pasha 20 May 1622 13 Juni 1622 Bosnien[29]
76. Mere Hüseyin Pasha (1st time) 13 Juni 1622 8 August 1622 Albanien[29] ("Mere!" = "Take it!" in Albanien; purportedly the only grand vizier who did not speak Tyrkietish, named after the oft-repeated order he gave on the subject of opponents' heads)
77. Lefkeli Mustafa Pasha 8 August 1622 21 September 1622 Tyrkiet,[30] from former Lefke, today Orhaneli
78. Hadim Mehmed Pasha (Hadım -'Eunuch'- Mehmed Pasha) 21 September 1622 5 February 1623 Georgian[30] (Gürcü = Georgian)
79. Mere Hüseyin Pasha (2nd time) 5 February 1623 30 August 1623 Albanien[30]
80. Kemankeş Kara Ali Pasha 30 August 1623 3 April 1624 Tyrkiet[30] (Kemankeş = Archer)
81. Çerkes Mehmed Pasha 3 April 1624 28 Januar 1625 Circassian[31] (Çerkes = Circassian)
82. Filibeli Hafız Ahmed Pasha (1st time) 8 February 1625 1 December 1626 Pomak,[31] from Filibe. One of the seven husbands of Ahmed I's daughter Ayşe Sultan.
83. Damad Halil Pasha (2nd time) 1 December 1626 6 April 1628 Armenian,[31] from Zeytun (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
84. Gazi Ekrem Hüsrev Pasha 6 April 1628 25 Oktober 1631 Bosnien[32]
85. Filibeli Hafız Ahmed Pasha (2nd time) 25 Oktober 1631 10 February 1632 Pomak[32] from Filibe.
86. Topal Recep Pasha 10 February 1632 18 May 1632 Bosnien[32] (Topal = Lame)
87. Tabanıyassi Mehmed Pasha 18 May 1632 2 February 1637 Albanien[32] (from Drama)(Tabanıyassı = Flat-footed)
67. Bayram Pasha 2 February 1637 26 August 1638 Tyrkiet,[33] from Istanbul
68. Tayyar Mehmed Pasha 27 August 1638 24 December 1638 Tyrkiet[33]
90. Kemankeş Kara Mustafa Pasha 23 December 1638 31 Januar 1644 Albanien[34] (Kemankeş = Archer)
91. Sultanzade Mehmed Pasha aka Civan Kapucubaşı Sultanzade Mehmed Pasha 31 Januar 1644 17 December 1645 Albanien[34] (Sultanzade = Son of a female member of the Ottoman dynasty)
92. Nevesinli Salih Pasha 17 December 1645 16 September 1647 Bosnien,[35] from Nevesinje.
93. Kara Musa Pasha 16 September 1647 21 September 1647 (?)[35] Not included in some lists. The imperial seal was sent to him by way of sea to Crete where he was in campaign, but he fell in front of the castle of Kandiye (Iraklion) five days after his naming to the rank and before receiving the seal.
94. Hezarpare Ahmed Pasha 21 September 1647 7 August 1648 Greek (?),[35] from Istanbul. Promoted from in-attorney title to the rank of full grand vizier upon Kara Musa Pasha's death. (Hezarpare = Thousand pieces; literally Ahmed Pasha the Thousand Pieces; name given by chroniclers since he was lynched by the mob)
95. Sofu Mehmed Pasha, also called Mevlevi Mehmed Pasha 7 August 1648 21 May 1649 (?)[36] (Sofu = Devout and see Mevlevi)
96. Kara Dev Murad Pasha 21 May 1649 5 August 1651 Albanien[36] (Dev = Giant)
97. Melek Ahmed Pasha 5 August 1651 21 August 1651 Abazin[36] (Melek = Angel)
98. Abaza Siyavuş Pasha I (1st time) 21 August 1651 27 September 1651 Abazin[37]
99. Gürcü Mehmed Pasha 27 September 1651 20 Juni 1652 Georgian[37] (Gürcü - Georgian)
100. Tarhoncu Ahmed Pasha 20 Juni 1652 21 Marts 1653 Albanien[37] (Tarhoncu, more seldom transcribed as Tarhoncu = 'Tarragon vendor'; in reference to his former profession)
101. Koca Dervish Mehmed Pasha 21 Marts 1653 28 Oktober 1654 Circassian[37]
102. İpşiri Mustafa Pasha 28 Oktober 1654 11 May 1655 Abazin[38] (İpşiri = Bearer of good news) One of the seven husbands of Ahmed I's daughter Ayşe Sultan.
103. Kara Dev Murad Pasha (2nd time) 11 May 1655 19 August 1655 Albanien[38]
104. Ermeni Suleyman Pasha 19 August 1655 28 February 1656 Armenian[38] Ermeni means Armenian. From Malatya.
105. Deli Gazi Hüseyin Pasha, also called Deli Hüseyin Pasha 28 February 1656 5 Marts 1656 Tyrkiet,[39] from YenişehirSkabelon:Disambiguation needed. Not included in some lists. The imperial seal was sent to him by way of sea to Crete where he was in campaign, but the ships were called back because of Zurnazen Mustafa Pasha's lobbying, who had been appointed in-attorney in between but wanted the full title for him. (Deli = Mad; due to his daring and courage in the battlefield)
106. Zurnazen Mustafa Pasha (held office for 4 hours) 5 Marts 1656 5 Marts 1656 Albanien[39] (Zurnazen = Clarinettist). Not included in some lists. Promoted from in-attorney title to the rank of full grand vizier due to the influence he exerted on the sultan for Gazi Hüseyin Pasha's dismissal from the office. His appointment caused an uprising in Istanbul and he was exiled after having held the seal for four hours.
107. Abaza Siyavuş Pasha I (2nd time) 5 Marts 1656 25 April 1656 Abazin[39]
108. Boynuyaralı Mehmed Pasha 26 April 1656 15 September 1656 Tyrkiet,[40] from Samsun (Boynu yaralı = Wounded neck)
109. Köprülü Mehmed Pasha 15 September 1656 31 Oktober 1661 Albanien,[40] from the region of Rudnik, associated with his wife's hometown of Köprü in north-central Anatolien, called Vezirköprü today in honor of the family. (see; Köprülü-familien)
110. Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed Pasha 31 Oktober 1661 19 Oktober 1676 Albanien[40] (se Köprülü-familien)
111. Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha 19 Oktober 1676 25 December 1683 Tyrkiet,[40] fra Merzifon (adopteret søn fra Köprülü-familien)
112. Kara İbrahim Pasha 15 December 1683 18 November 1685 Tyrkiet[41]
113. Sarı Süleyman Pasha 18 November 1685 18 September 1687 Bosnien[42] (Sarı = Blond)
114. Abaza Siyavuş Pasha 18 September 1687 23 February 1688 Abazin[42]
115. Ayaşlı İsmail Pasha 23 February 1688 2 May 1688 Tyrkiet[43] from Ayaş)
116. Bekri Mustafa Pasha 30 May 1688 7 November 1689 Tyrkiet,[43] from Tekirdağ.
117. Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha 10 November 1689 19 August 1691 Albanien[43] (Köprülü-familien)
118. Arabacı Ali Pasha 24 August 1691 21 Marts 1692 Albanien[44] (Arabacı = Coachman; in reference to his background)
119. Merfizonlu Hacı Ali Pasha 23 Marts 1692 17 Marts 1693 Tyrkiet,[44] fraMerzifon.
120. Bozoklu Mustafa Pasha 17 Marts 1693 Marts 1694 Tyrkiet,[45] from Bozok (Yozgat today).
121. Sürmeli Ali Pasha 13 Marts 1694 22 April 1695 (?)[45] Greek[Kilde mangler] (from Dimetoka) (Sürmeli = One who has eyes tinged with kohl)
122. Elmas Mehmed Pasha 3 May 1695 11 September 1697 Tyrkiet[46] (Elmas = Diamond)
123. Amcazade Köprülü Hüseyin Pasha 17 September 1697 4 September 1702 Albanien[46] (Köprülü-familien).
124. Daltaban Mustafa Pasha 4 September 1702 24 Januar 1703 Bosnien,[47] according to Joseph von Hammer, fra Manastir (Daltaban = Barefoot)
125. Rami Mehmed Pasha 25 Januar 1703 22 August 1703 Tyrkiet (?),[47] fra Istanbul
126. Kavanoz Ahmed Pasha 22 August 1703 16 November 1703 Rusland[48] (Kavanoz = A jar; named as such because purportedly very short and fat)
127. Damad Hasan Pasha 18 November 1703 28 September 1704 Grækenland[48][49][50] Ottoman, from Morea, Greece (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
128. Kalaylıkoz Hacı Ahmed Pasha Oktober 1704 25 December 1704 Tyrkiet[48] (Kalaylıkoz = Varnished; a reference on his fondness for make-up, ornaments and dresses)
129. Teberdar/Baltaci Mehmed Pasha (1st time) 25 December 1704 3 May 1706 Tyrkiet,[51] from Osmancık.
130. Çorlulu Damad Ali Pasha 3 maj1706 15 Juni 1710 Tyrkiet (?),[51] from Çorlu (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
131. Köprülü Numan Pasha 16 Juni 1710 17 August 1710 Albanien[51] (Köprülü family).
132. Baltaci Mehmed Pasha (2nd time) 18 August 1710 20 November 1711 Tyrkiet,[51] from Osmancık.
133. Ağa Yusuf Pasha 20 November 1711 11 November 1712 Georgian[52]
134. Silahtar Süleyman Pasha 12 November 1712 6 April 1713 Abazin[52]
135. Hoca İbrahim Pasha 6 April 1713 7 April 1713 Tyrkiet,[52] from Serez (Serres)
136. Silahdar Damad Ali Pasha 27 April 1713 5 August 1716 Tyrkiet[53] from İznik (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
137. Hacı Halil Pasha 21 August 1716 Oktober 1717 Albanien[53]
138. Nişancı Mehmed Pasha Oktober 1717 9 Maj 1718 Tyrkiet (?),[53] from Kayseri
139. Nevşehirli Damad Ibrahim Pasha 9 Maj 1718 16 Oktober 1730 Tyrkiet,[53] from Nevşehir. (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
140. Silahdar Damad Mehmed Pasha 16 Oktober 1730 23 Januar 1731 Tyrkiet (?),[54] from Istanbul (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
141. Kabakulak İbrahim Pasha 23 Januar 1731 11 September 1731 Tyrkiet,[54] from Şebinkarahisar (Kabakulak = Someone with mumps)
142. Topal Osman Pasha 21 September 1731 12 Marts 1732 Tyrkiet[55] (Topal = Lame)
143. Hekimbaşızâde/Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha (1st time) 12 Marts 1732 14 Juli 1735 Italien[55] (son of Venetian convert Hekimbaşı Nuh Efendi, Tyrkietish[Kilde mangler] mother)
144. Gürcü İsmail Pasha 14 Juli 1735 25 December 1735 Georgien[55] (Gürcü = Georgian)
145. Silahdar Seyyid Mehmed Pasha 10 Januar 1736 5 August 1737 Tyrkiet (?),[56] from Dimetoka
146. Muhsinzade Abdullah Pasha 22 August 1737 19 December 1737 Arabien (?),[56] from Aleppo
147. Yeğen Mehmed Pasha 3 December 1737 23 Marts 1739 Tyrkiet[56] (Yeğen = Nephew, of the Sultan in his case)
148. İvaz Mehmed Pasha 17 Marts 1739 23 Juni 1740 Albanien[57]
149. Nişancı Hacı Ahmed Pasha 22 Juli 1740 7 April 1742 Tyrkiet,[57] from Alanya
150. Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha (2nd time) 21 April 1742 4 Oktober 1743 Italien[57] (son of Venetian convert Hekimbaşı Nuh Efendi, Tyrkietish[Kilde mangler] mother)
151. Seyyid Hasan Pasha 4 Oktober 1742 10 August 1746 Tyrkiet,[57] from Karahisar (Şebinkarahisar today)
152. Tiryaki Hacı Mehmed Pasha 11 August 1746 24 August 1747 (?)[58] (Tiryaki= Someone who has an addiction, to tobacco, opium, alcohol etc.). Reputed to have taken measures which made the prices of these substances plummet during his office.
153. Seyyid Abdullah Pasha 24 August 1747 2 Januar 1750 Arab (?),[58] fra Kerkük
154. Devâtdar/Divitdar Mehmed Pasha 9 Januar 1750 1 Juli 1752 (?),[58] fra Istanbul
155. Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha (1st time) 1 Juli 1752 16 Februar 1755 Tyrkiet (?),[58] fra Çorlu (Köse = A bowl, someone with no beard)
156. Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha (3rd time) 16 Februar 1755 19 Maj 1755 Italien[59] (son of Venetian convert Hekimbaşı Nuh Efendi, Tyrkietish[Kilde mangler] mother)
157. Naili Abdullah Pasha 19 Maj 1755 24 August 1755 Tyrkiet,[59] from Istanbul
158. Nişancı Ali Pasha 24 August 1755 23 Oktober 1755 Tyrkiet (?)[59]
159. Yirmisekizzade Mehmed Said Pasha 25 Oktober 1755 1 April 1756 Georgien,[59] from Edirne (Yirmisekiz = Twenty-eight; named as such because his father, Yirmisekiz Mehmed Çelebi, had served in the 28th battalion ("orta") in the corps of Janissaries)
160. Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha (2nd time) 30 April 1756 3 December 1756 Tyrkiet,[60] from Çorlu (Köse = A bowl, someone with no beard)
161. Koca Ragıp Pasha 12 Januar 1757 8 April 1763 Tyrkiet,[60] from Istanbul
162. Tevkii Hamza Hamid Pasha 11 April 1763 29 September 1763 Tyrkiet,[61] from Develi
163. Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha (3rd time) 29 September 1763 30 Marts 1765 Tyrkiet (?),[61] from Çorlu
164. Muhsinzade Mehmed Pasha (1st time) 30 Marts 1765 7 August 1768 Arabien (?),[61] son of Muhsinzade Abdullah Pasha
165. Silahdar Hamza Mahir Pasha 7 August 1768 20 Oktober 1768 Tyrkiet,[61] fra Develi
166. Yağlıkçızade Mehmed Emin Pasha Oktober 1768 12 August 1769 Tyrkiet,[62] from Istanbul
167. Moldovancı Ali Pasha 12 August 1769 12 December 1769 Tyrkiet,[62] fra Daday
168. Ivazzade Halil Pasha 13 December 1769 25 December 1770 Albanien[62] (søn af İvaz Mehmed Pasha)
169. Silahdar Mehmed Pasha 25 December 1770 11 December 1771 Tyrkiet (?),[63] fra Istanbul
170. Muhsinzade Mehmed Pasha (2nd time) December 1771 6 August 1773 (Arabien ?)[63]
171. İzzet Mehmed Pasha (1st time) 11 August 1773 7 Juli 1775 Grækenland,[63] from Safranbolu.
172. Moralı Dervish Mehmed Pasha 7 Juli 1775 5 Januar 1777 Tyrkiet[63] (from Mora = The Peloponnese)
173. Darendeli Cebecizade Mehmed Pasha 5 Januar 1777 1 September 1778 Tyrkiet,[64] from Darende.
174. Kalafat Mehmed Pasha 1 September 1778 22 August 1779 Bulgarien,[64] from Sofia (Kalafat = Caulker).
175. Silahdar Seyyid Mehmed Pasha or Karavezir Seyyid Mehmed Pasha August 1779 20 Februar 1781 Tyrkiet,[64] fra Arabsun nær Kırşehir
176. İzzet Mehmed Pasha (2nd time) 20 Februar 1781 25 August 1782 Grækenland,[64] fra Safranbolu.
177. Yeğen Hacı Mehmed Pasha 25 August 1782 31 December 1782 Tyrkiet[65] (Yeğen = Nephew, to the Ottoman sultan in his case).
178. Halil Hamid Pasha 31 December 1782 30 April 1785 Tyrkiet,[65] from Isparta. Great-grandfather of Kemal Derviş, current administrator of the UNDP.
179. Şahin Ali Pasha 30 April 1785 25 Januar 1786 Georgian[65]
180. Koca Yusuf Pasha (1st time) 25 Januar 1786 28 Maj 1789 Georgian[65]
181. Cenaze Hasan Pasha or Meyyit Hasan Pasha 28 May 1789 2 Januar 1790 Circassian[66] ("Cenaze" or "Meyyit" = A funeral, a corpse; literally "Hasan Pasha the Funeral" or "Hasan Pasha the Corpse"; named as such because he was in his deathbed, seriously ill, all along his office)
182. Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha 2 Januar 1790 30 Marts 1790 (?),[66] possibly with origins related to any which one of the Caucasian/Iranian ethnicities, bought as a slave in childhood in eastern Tyrkietey, raised by Tyrkietish family in Tekirdağ. His name Cezayirli means from Algiers since he had been a corsair there.
183. Çelebizade Şerif Hasan Pasha 16 April 1790 12 February 1791 (?),[66] from Rusçuk.
184. Koca Yusuf Pasha (2nd time) 12 February 1791 1792 Georgian[67]
185. Damad Melek Mehmed Pasha 1792 21 Oktober 1794 Serb[67] (Damad = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
186. İzzet Mehmed Pasha (3rd time) 21 Oktober 1794 23 Oktober 1798 Tyrkiet,[67] from Safranbolu.
187. Kör Yusuf Ziyaüddin Pasha (1st time) 23 Oktober 1798 24 Juni 1805 Georgian[68] (Kör = Blind)
188. Bostancıbaşı Hafız İsmail Pasha 24 September 1805 13 Oktober 1806 (?)[68]
189. Keçiboynuzu İbrahim Hilmi Pasha 13 Oktober 1806 3 Juni 1807 Tyrkiet (?)[68] (Keçiboynuzu = Carob fruit, named as such because purportedly an extremely puny person)
190. Çelebi Mustafa Pasha 3 Juni 1807 29 Juli 1808 (?)[69] (Çelebi = A refined gentleman with good manners)
191. Alemdar Mustafa Pasha, also called (Bayrakdar Mustafa Pasha) 29 Juli 1808 15 November 1808 Albanien (?),[69] from Rusçuk. (Alemdar or Bayraktar = standard bearer, same rank with two different names among the Janissaries)
192. Çavuşbaşı Memiş Pasha 16 November 1808 December 1808 Albanien[69] (Çavuşbaşı = Head sergent)
Çarhacı Ali Pasha[Kilde mangler] December 1808 Marts 1809 Tyrkiet[Kilde mangler] (Çarhacı = Skirmisher)
193. Kör Yusuf Ziyaüddin Pasha (2nd time) Marts 1809 February 1811 Georgian[70]
194. Laz Ahmed Pasha February 1811 Juli 1812 Tyrkiet (?),[70] Laz[Kilde mangler]
195. Hurşit Ahmed Pasha Juli 1812 30 Marts 1815 Georgian,[70] the only grand vizier who committed suicide (while in office)
196. Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (1st time) 30 Marts 1815 6 Januar 1818 Tyrkiet[70]
197. Burdurlu Dervish Mehmed Pasha 6 Januar 1818 5 Januar 1820 (?),[71] from Burdur
198. Seyyid Ali Pasha 5 Januar 1820 21 April 1821 Tyrkiet[71]
199. Benderli Ali Pasha 21 April 1821 30 April 1821 (?),[71] from Bender (Moldavien today). The last grand vizier who was executed upon an order clearly given by the sultan (because of the Greek War of Independence).
200. Hacı Salih Pasha 30 April 1821 11 November 1822 Donmeh (?)[71]
201. Bostancıbaşı Deli Abdullah Pasha 11 November 1822 4 Marts 1823 Tyrkiet[72] (Deli = Mad, literally Abdullah Pasha the Mad)
202. Turnacızade Silahdar Ali Pasha 4 Marts 1823 December 1823 (?)[72]
203. Mehmed Said Galip Pasha December 1823 15 September 1824 Tyrkiet[72]
204. "Benderli" Mehmed Selim Pasha 15 September 1824 26 Oktober 1828 (?),[72] from Bender (Moldavien today)
205. Darendeli Topal İzzet Mehmed Pasha (1st time) 26 Oktober 1828 Januar 1829 Tyrkiet,[73] from Darende.
206. Reşid Mehmed Pasha Januar 1829 17 February 1833 Georgian or Greek[73]
207. Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (2nd time) 17 February 1833 8 Juli 1839 Tyrkiet[73]
208. Husrev Pasha 8 Juli 1839 29 May 1841 Abazin[74]
209. Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (3rd time) 29 May 1841 7 Oktober 1841 Tyrkiet[74]
210. Darendeli Topal İzzet Mehmed Pasha (2nd time) 7 Oktober 1841 3 September 1842 Tyrkiet[75] from Darende
211. Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (4th time) 3 September 1842 31 Juli 1846 Tyrkiet[75]
212. Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha (1st time) 31 Juli 1846 28 April 1848 Tyrkiet[75]
213. İbrahim Sarim Pasha 28 April 1848 13 August 1848 Tyrkiet[76]
214. Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha (2nd time) 13 August 1848 27 Januar 1852 Tyrkiet[76]
215. Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (5th time) 27 Januar 1852 7 Marts 1852 Tyrkiet[76]
216. Koca Mustafa Reşit Pasha (3rd time) 7 Marts 1852 7 August 1852 Tyrkiet[77]
217. Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha (1st time) 7 August 1852 4 Oktober 1852 Tyrkiet[77]
218. Damad Mehmed Ali Pasha 4 Oktober 1852 14 May 1853 Tyrkiet[78] Hamsheni[Kilde mangler] (Damad=Bridegroom to the Ottoman Dynasty).
219-220. Mustafa Naili Pasha (1st time) 14 May 1853 30 May 1854 Albanien,[78] from Egypt, called Giritli=Cretan because he had served as governor in that island for a long time.
221. Kâmil Pasha (1st time) 30 May 1854 24 November 1854 Tyrkiet,[79] from Cyprus
222. Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha (4th time) 24 November 1854 4 May 1855 Tyrkiet[79]
223. Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha (2nd time) 4 May 1855 1 December 1856 Tyrkiet[80]
224. Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha (5th time) 1 December 1856 2 August 1857 Tyrkiet[80]
225. Mustafa Naili Pasha (2nd time) 2 August 1857 23 Oktober 1857 Albanien[80]
226. Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha (6th time) 23 Oktober 1857 7 Januar 1858 Tyrkiet[80]
227. Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha (3rd time) 11 Januar 1858 8 Oktober 1859 Tyrkiet[81]
228. Kâmil Pasha (2nd time) 8 Oktober 1859 24 December 1859 Tyrkiet,[81] from Cyprus
229. Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha (1st time) 24 December 1859 27 May 1860 Tyrkiet[81] (Mütercim = A translator, an interpreter)
230. Kâmil Pasha (3rd time) 27 May 1860 6 August 1861 Tyrkiet,[82] from Cyprus
231. Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha (4th time) 6 August 1861 22 November 1861 Tyrkiet[82]
232. Keçecizade Mehmed Fuad Pasha (1st time) 22 November 1861 6 Januar 1863 Tyrkiet,[82] from Konya (Keçecizade family).
233. Yusuf Kamil Pasha 6 Januar 1863 3 Juni 1863 Tyrkiet[83]
234. Keçecizade Mehmed Fuad Pasha (2nd time) 3 Juni 1863 5 Juni 1866 Tyrkiet[83]
235. Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha (2nd time) 5 Juni 1866 11 February 1867 Tyrkiet[84]
236. Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha (5th time) 11 February 1867 7 September 1871 Tyrkiet[84]
237. Mahmud Nedim Pasha (1st time) September 1871 31 Juli 1872 Georgian,[84] was often called Nedimoff due to his Russophile policies
238. Ahmed Şefik Midhat Pasha (1st time) 31 Juli 1872 19 Oktober 1872 Tyrkiet (?),[85] family from Rusçuk, born in Istanbul.
239. Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha (3rd time) Octubre 1872 February 1873 Tyrkiet[85]
240. Sakızlı Ahmed Esat Pasha (1st time) 15 February 1873 May 1873 Tyrkiet,[85] from Sakız/Chios
241. Şirvanlı Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha May 1873 14 February 1874 Tyrkiet[85] or Kurd[Kilde mangler], from Şirvan.
242. Hüseyin Avni Pasha 14 February 1874 25 April 1875 Tyrkiet[86]
243. Sakızlı Ahmed Esat Pasha (2nd time) April 1875 August 1875 Tyrkiet,[86] from Sakız (Chios)
244. Mahmud Nedim Pasha (2nd time) 21 August 1875 11 May 1876 Georgian[86]
245. Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha (4th time) 12 May 1876 19 December 1876 Tyrkiet[86]
246. Ahmed Şefik Midhat Pasha (2nd time) 19 December 1876 5 February 1877 Tyrkiet (?)[87] The last grand vizier who was executed -while in exile in Taif-. Whether or not there was a direct order from the Sultan Abdulhamid II remains subject of discussion to this day.)
247. İbrahim Edhem Pasha 5 February 1877 11 Januar 1878 Greek,[87] from Chios/Sakız; sold as a slave in childhood to -later- Grand Vizier Husrev Pasha during the 1822 events in that island)
248. Ahmed Hamdi Pasha 11 Januar 1878 4 February 1878 Abazin[88]
249. Ahmed Vefik Pasha 4 February 1878 18 April 1878 Tyrkiet,[88] from Istanbul.
250. Mehmed Sadık Pasha 18 April 1878 May 1878 Tyrkiet[89]
251. Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha (5th time) May 1878 Juni 1878 Tyrkiet[89]
252. Saffet Pasha May 1878 Oktober 1878 Tyrkiet[90]
253. Tunuslu Hayreddin Pasha Oktober 1878 28 Juli 1879 Abazin[90]
254. Ahmed Arifi Pasha 28 Juli 1879 September 1879 Tyrkiet[90]
255. Mehmed Said Pasha (1st time) 18 Oktober 1879 9 Juni 1880 Tyrkiet[91]
256. Kadri Pasha 9 Juni 1880 12 September 1880 Tyrkiet,[91] from Antep
257. Mehmed Said Pasha (2nd time) 12 September 1880 2 May 1882 Tyrkiet[92]
258. Abdurrahman Nureddin Pasha 2 May 1882 12 Juli 1882 Tyrkiet,[92] from Kütahya (Germiyanid family)
259. Mehmed Said Pasha (3rd time) 12 Juli 1882 30 November 1882 Tyrkiet[93]
260. Ahmed Vefik Pasha (2nd time) 1 December 1882 3 December 1882 Tyrkiet[93]
261. Mehmed Said Pasha (4th time) 3 December 1882 24 September 1885 Tyrkiet[93]
262. Kâmil Pasha (1st time) September 1885 September 1891 Tyrkiet,[94] from Cyprus.
263. Ahmed Cevat Şakir Pasha September 1891 Juni 1895 Tyrkiet,[94] from Kabaağaç in Afyonkarahisar (Şakirpaşazade family)
264. Mehmed Said Pasha (5th time) 9 Juni 1895 3 Oktober 1895 Tyrkiet[94]
265. Kâmil Pasha (2nd time) Oktober 1895 November 1895 Tyrkiet,[95] from Cyprus.
266. Halil Rifat Pasha November 1895 9 November 1901 Tyrkiet (?),[95] from Serez
267. Mehmed Said Pasha (6th time) 13 November 1901 15 Januar 1903 Tyrkiet[95]
268. Avlonyalı Mehmed Ferid Pasha 15 Januar 1903 22 Juli 1908 Albanien,[96] from Avlonya (Vlorë)
269. Mehmed Said Pasha (7th time) 22 Juli 1908 6 August 1908 Tyrkiet[96]
270. Kâmil Pasha (3rd time) 5 August 1908 14 February 1909 Tyrkiet,[96] from Cyprus
271. Hüseyin Hilmi Pasha (1st time) 14 February 1909 14 April 1909 Greek[97] or Tyrkiet[98] from Cyprus
272. Ahmed Tevfik Pasha (1st time) 14 April 1909 5 May 1909 Tyrkiet[98]
273. Hüseyin Hilmi Pasha (2nd time) 5 May 1909 12 Januar 1910 Greek or Tyrkiet, from Midilli
274. İbrahim Hakkı Pasha 12 Januar 1910 30 September 1911 Tyrkiet (?)[99]
275-276. Mehmed Said Pasha (8th time) 30 September 1911 22 Juli 1912 Tyrkiet[99]
277. Ahmed Muhtar Pasha 22 Juli 1912 29 Oktober 1912 Tyrkiet,[100] from Bursa
278. Kâmil Pasha (4th time) 29 Oktober 1912 23 Januar 1913 Tyrkiet,[101] from Cyprus
279. Mahmud Şevket Pasha 23 Januar 1913 11 Juni 1913 Chechen (?),[101] Circassian[102] and/or Arab[103] Ottoman, from Baghdad
280. Said Halim Pasha 12 Juni 1913 4 February 1917 Albanien (?)[104] Albanien origins (from the family of the Khedives of Egypt)
281. Mehmed Talaat Pasha 4 February 1917 14 Oktober 1918 (?),[104] from Edirne
282-283. Ahmed Izzet Pasha 14 Oktober 1918 11 November 1918 Albanien[105][106] Ottoman, from Istanbul
284. Ahmed Tevfik Pasha (2nd time) 11 November 1918 4 Marts 1919 Tyrkiet[107]
285-287. Damad Ferid Pasha (1st time) 4 Marts 1919 2 Oktober 1919 [107] Serbian with family origins in the village of Potoci, near Pljevlja (Damad, bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
288. Ali Rıza Pasha 2 Oktober 1919 8 Marts 1920 Tyrkiet (?),[108] from Istanbul
289. Salih Hulusi Pasha 8 Marts 1920 5 April 1920 Abazin,[108] from Istanbul
290-291. Damad Ferid Pasha (2nd time) 5 April 1920 21 Oktober 1920 [108] Serbian with family origins in the village of Potoci, near Pljevlja (Damad, bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
292. Ahmed Tevfik Pasha (3rd time) 21 Oktober 1920 4 November 1922 Tyrkiet,[109] last grand vizier

Notater[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  1. Brother of Sultan. There are no other brother grandviziers in Ottoman history
  2. İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 7. (Tyrkisk)
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 8. (Tyrkisk)
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 4,3 4,4 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 9. (Tyrkisk)
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 5,4 5,5 5,6 5,7 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 10. (Tyrkisk)
  6. 6,0 6,1 Radushev, Evg (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Tyrkietish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library. Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. s. 228. 
  7. 7,0 7,1 7,2 7,3 7,4 7,5 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 11. (Tyrkisk)
  8. Theoharis Stavrides (2001). The Sultan of Vezirs: The Life and Times of the Ottoman Grand Vezir Mahmud Pasha Angelovic (1453-1474) ISBN 978-90-04-12106-5. Brill Academic Publishers. 
  9. İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 12. (Tyrkisk)
  10. 10,0 10,1 10,2 10,3 10,4 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 15. (Tyrkisk)
  11. 11,0 11,1 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 13. (Tyrkisk)
  12. İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 14. (Tyrkisk)
  13. İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 16. (Tyrkisk)
  14. 14,0 14,1 14,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 17. (Tyrkisk)
  15. 15,0 15,1 15,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 18. (Tyrkisk)
  16. 16,0 16,1 Samarčić, Radovan (2004). Sokollu Mehmet Paşa (3rd ed.) Istanbul: Aralik. ISBN 975-8823-62-0
  17. Kočan, Ismet (Dec. 21, 2005). Mit i stvarnost - Mehmed-paša Sokolović, Večernje Novosti Online.
  18. 18,0 18,1 18,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 21. (Tyrkisk)
  19. 19,0 19,1 19,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 22. (Tyrkisk)
  20. 20,0 20,1 20,2 20,3 20,4 20,5 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 23. (Tyrkisk)
  21. 21,0 21,1 21,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 24. (Tyrkisk)
  22. 22,0 22,1 22,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 25. (Tyrkisk)
  23. 23,0 23,1 23,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 26. (Tyrkisk)
  24. 24,0 24,1 24,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 27. (Tyrkisk)
  25. 25,0 25,1 25,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 28. (Tyrkisk)
  26. Finkel, C., Osman's Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire, 2005, Basic Books
  27. 27,0 27,1 27,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 29. (Tyrkisk)
  28. 28,0 28,1 28,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 30. (Tyrkisk)
  29. 29,0 29,1 29,2 29,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 31. (Tyrkisk)
  30. 30,0 30,1 30,2 30,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 32. (Tyrkisk)
  31. 31,0 31,1 31,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 33. (Tyrkisk)
  32. 32,0 32,1 32,2 32,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 34. (Tyrkisk)
  33. 33,0 33,1 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 35. (Tyrkisk)
  34. 34,0 34,1 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 36. (Tyrkisk)
  35. 35,0 35,1 35,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 37. (Tyrkisk)
  36. 36,0 36,1 36,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 38. (Tyrkisk)
  37. 37,0 37,1 37,2 37,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 39. (Tyrkisk)
  38. 38,0 38,1 38,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 40. (Tyrkisk)
  39. 39,0 39,1 39,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 41. (Tyrkisk)
  40. 40,0 40,1 40,2 40,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 42. (Tyrkisk)
  41. İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 44. (Tyrkisk)
  42. 42,0 42,1 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 45. (Tyrkisk)
  43. 43,0 43,1 43,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 46. (Tyrkisk)
  44. 44,0 44,1 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 47. (Tyrkisk)
  45. 45,0 45,1 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 48. (Tyrkisk)
  46. 46,0 46,1 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 49. (Tyrkisk)
  47. 47,0 47,1 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 50. (Tyrkisk)
  48. 48,0 48,1 48,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 51. (Tyrkisk)
  49. Evg Radushev, Svetlana Ivanova, Rumen Kovachev - Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. Orientalski otdel, International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Tyrkietish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library. Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. s. 224. ISBN 954-523-072-X. "Hasan Pasa (Damad-i- Padisahi), Greek convert from Morea. He began his career as imperial armourer and rose to the post of Grand Vezir (1703). He married the daughter of Sultan Mehmed IV, Hatice Sultan, fell into disgrace and was exiled with his wife to izmit." 
  50. Catharine Theimer Nepomnyashchy, Nicole Svobodny, Ludmilla A. Trigos (2006). Under the sky of my Africa: Alexander Pushkin and blackness. Northwestern University Press. s. 53. ISBN 0-8101-1971-4. "Shortly afterward a new grand vizier, Hasan, came to take the place of the old one, and he held his post during the period we are interested in: from November 16, 1703, to September 28, 1704. He was the new sultan's son-in-law… "he was a very honest and comparatively humane pasha of Greek origin and cannot be suspected of selling the sultan's pages to a foreigner."" 
  51. 51,0 51,1 51,2 51,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 52. (Tyrkisk)
  52. 52,0 52,1 52,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 53. (Tyrkisk)
  53. 53,0 53,1 53,2 53,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 54. (Tyrkisk)
  54. 54,0 54,1 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 55. (Tyrkisk)
  55. 55,0 55,1 55,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 56. (Tyrkisk)
  56. 56,0 56,1 56,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 57. (Tyrkisk)
  57. 57,0 57,1 57,2 57,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 58. (Tyrkisk)
  58. 58,0 58,1 58,2 58,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 59. (Tyrkisk)
  59. 59,0 59,1 59,2 59,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 60. (Tyrkisk)
  60. 60,0 60,1 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 61. (Tyrkisk)
  61. 61,0 61,1 61,2 61,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 62. (Tyrkisk)
  62. 62,0 62,1 62,2 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 63. (Tyrkisk)
  63. 63,0 63,1 63,2 63,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 64. (Tyrkisk)
  64. 64,0 64,1 64,2 64,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 65. (Tyrkisk)
  65. 65,0 65,1 65,2 65,3 İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 66. (Tyrkisk)
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