Nader Shah

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Nader Shah
Shāhānshāh af Afsharidriget
Regerede 1736–1747
Efterfølger Adil Shah
Født 1688 eller 1698
Dastgerd, Iran
Død 19. Juni 1747
Begravet Mashhad
Religion Islam

Nāder Shāh Afshār or Nadir Shah (persisk: نادر شاه افشار; også kendt som Nāder Qoli Beg - نادر قلی بیگ og Tahmāsp Qoli Khān - تهماسپ قلی خان) (November, 1688[1] eller August 6, 1698[2] – June 19, 1747) var Shah af Iran fra 1736 til 1747, og var grundlæggeren af Afsharidriget. Begrund af hans militære geni, har nogle beskrivet ham som Napoleon af Persien[3] og den anden Alexander.[4] Nader Shah var medlem af en tyrkisk folkestamme i det nordlige Persien.[5]


Liv[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Naders far var en fattig bonde der døde da han var barn. Efter en karriere som bandit og militær-leder afsatte han den sidste shah af Safavide-dynastiet, Abbas 3. Nader Shah var en meget effektiv krigsleder.

Han blev myrdet i 1747. Hans efterkommere regerede Iran indtil 1796.

Kilder[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  1. Ernest Tucker (March 29, 2006). "Nāder Shāh 1736-47". Encyclopædia Iranica.  
  2. Nader's exact date of birth is unknown but August 6 is the "likeliest" according to Axworthy p.17 (and note) and The Cambridge History of Iran (Vol. 7 p.3); other biographers favour 1688.
  3. Axworthy p. xvii
  4. Biography of Nadir Shah Afshar "The Persian Napoleon" (1688-1747)
  5. Michael Axworthy's biography of Nader, The Sword of Persia (I.B. Tauris, 2006), pp. 17-19: "His father was of lowly but respectable status, a herdsman of the Afshar tribe ... The Qereqlu Afshars to whom Nader's father belonged were a semi-nomadic Turcoman tribe settled in Khorasan in north-eastern Iran ... The tribes of Khorasan were for the most part ethnically distinct from the Persian-speaking population, speaking Turkic or Kurdish languages. Nader's mother tongue was a dialect of the language group spoken by the Turkic tribes of Iran and Central Asia, and he would have quickly learned Persian, the language of high culture and the cities as he grew older. But the Turkic language was always his preferred everyday speech, unless he was dealing with someone who knew only Persian."