Nizami Ganjavi

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Nizami Ganjavi
Aktiv 12. århundrede
Nizami Ganjavi
Område: Persisk litteratur
Født: 1141
Død: 1209
Nationalitet: Perser
Genre(r): Romantik Persisk Epos, Persisk litteratur, visdom litteratur.
Påvirket af: Firdausi, Fakhruddin As'ad Gurgani, Sanai, Asadi Tusi, Khaqani
Har påvirket: Saadi, Amir Khusro, Rumi, Hafiz, Khwaju Kermani, Jami, Vahshi Bafqi, Maktabi Shirazi, Salman Saveji, Hatefi, Jamali, Ali-Shir Nava'i, Fuzûlî, Ahmad Khani og generalt senere andre digtere i den Øst Islamiske Verden.

Nizami Ganjavi (persisk: نظامی گنجوی) var en Persisk[1][2][3][4] digter i det 12. århundrede. Nizami betragtes som den bedste romantiske digter i Persisk litteratur.


Liv[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Hans personlige navn var Ilyas[5] og hans udvalgte pen-navn var Nezami (også stavet som Nizami og Neẓāmi). Han blev født i Gandja (nu dagens Aserbajdsjan) og menes at have tilbragt hele sit liv i det sydlige Kaukasus. Ifølge De Blois, havde byen Gandja en meget stor Iransk befolkning.[5] Den Armenske historiker Kirakos Gandzaketsi (ca. 1200-1271) nævner, at: " Denne by blev tæt befolket med Iranerne og et mindre antal Kristne ".[6]

Kilder[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  1. Bernard Lewis, “Music of a distant drum”, Princeton University Press, 2001. Pg 9: “The Persians went a step further, creating authentic epic tradition comparables with those of Greece, Rome and the Vikings. This too, became in time, a form of Persian national self definition. The most famous of Persian epic poets, Firdawsi (940-1020) has been translated several times. An extract from the story of Farhad and Shirin, as told by the twelfth century Persian poet Nizami, exmpelified another form of narrative”
  2. Julie Scott Meisami, Paul Starkeym, “Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature”, Taylor & Francis, 1998. Pg 69:“In Arabic literature there has been no artistic elaboration of the story comparable to that undertaken by the Persian poet Nizami “
  3. BACHER, WILHELM. (2011). In Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved from BACHER, WILHELM – Encyclopaedia Iranica "he earned his doctorate writing a dissertation on the life and poetry of the Persian poet Nezāmī"
  4. Gäncä. (2011). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from Ganca (Azerbaijan) -- Encyclopedia Britannica "Notable buildings include Dzhuma-Mechet Mosque (built 1620) and the modern mausoleum of the 12th-century Persian poet Neẓāmī Ganjavī."
  5. 5,0 5,1 C. A. (Charles Ambrose) Storey and François de Blois (2004), "Persian Literature - A Biobibliographical Survey: Volume V Poetry of the Pre-Mongol Period.", RoutledgeCurzon; 2nd revised edition (June 21, 2004). ISBN 0-947593-47-0. p. 363: "Nizami Ganja’i, whose personal name was Ilyas, is the most celebrated native poet of the Persians after Firdausi. His nisbah designates him as a native of Ganja (Elizavetpol, Kirovabad) in Azerbaijan, then still a country with an Iranian population, and he spent the whole of his life in Transcaucasia; the verse in some of his poetic works which makes him a native of the hinterland of Qom is a spurious interpolation." www.amazon.com (p. 438 of Amazon link).
  6. Kirakos Gandzakatsi Kirakos Gandzakats'i's History of the Armenians / translation from Classical Armenian by Robert Bedrosian. — New York: 1986. — p. 197. Excerpt: "This city was densely populated with Iranians and a small number of Christians.". Available also at: Kirakos Gandzakets'i, Patmut'iwn Hayots' [Kirakos of Gandzak, History of Armenia], edited by K.A. Melik'-Ohanjanyan, (Erevan, 1961), p. 235: "Ays k'aghak's bazmambox lts'eal parsko'k', ayl sakaw ew k'ristone'iwk'..."