Abwehr

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Soldat i radiomeldetjenesten under Abwehr i 1939

Abwehr var navnet på den tyske militære efteretningstjeneste fra 1921 til 1944. Lederen af Abwehr under 2. verdenskrig var admiral Wilhelm Canaris. I 1943 blev Abwehr sat under overvågning af Schutzstaffels (SS) efterretningstjeneste, Sicherheitsdienst (SD). Der havde da i længere tid foregået en magtkamp mellem de to, parallelt med magtkampen mellem moderorganisatonerne Wehrmacht og SS. Canaris blev afsat i februar 1944, og efter 20. juli-attentatet, hvor flere ledende personer i Abwehr var involveret, fik Heinrich Himmler ham fængslet. Abwehr blev opløst efter attentatet, og SD var dermed den eneste efterretningstjeneste i Det tredje rige.

Bibliografi[redigér | redigér wikikode]

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