Dartmouth College

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Dartmouth College er et privatejet amerikansk universitet i Hanover, New Hampshire som tilhører gruppen af universiteter kaldet Ivy League.

Dartmouth College blev grundlagt i 1769 af Eleazar Wheelock og er blandt de kun ni universiteter i USA som grundlagt før den amerikanske revolution.[1]

Det blev grundlagt som en skole til at uddanne oprindelige amerikanere i kristen teologi og engelsk kultur, men trænede hovedsageligt kongregationalistiske præster i dets tidlige historie før universitetet gradvist blev mere sekulært og omkring starten af det 20. århundrede gik fra at være relativt ukendt til et nationalt førende universitet.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

Med omkring 6.400 studerende er Dartmouth det mindste universitet i Ivy League. Det er stor konkurrence om at blive optaget. I 2019 blev kun 7,9 % af ansøgerne optaget. De optagne havde en gennemsnitlig score på 1501 ud af maksimalt 1600 på den standardiserede adgangsprøve SAT.[9]

Dartmouths hovedcampus ligger på et 109 ha stort område ved Connecticut-floden.[10] Universitetet fungerer med et kvartalssystem med studieåret inddelt i fire 10-ugers perioder.[11] Dartmouth er kendt for fokus på bachelorstudier, dets studenterorganisationer (fraternities og sororities) og et stort antal skoletraditioner.[12][13][14]

Dartmouth er konsekvent blevet inkluderet blandt de højest rangerede universiteter i USA i flere rankinglister for universiteter.[15]

Referencer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  1. ^ "About Dartmouth: Facts". Dartmouth College. Arkiveret fra originalen 27. maj 2008. Hentet 23. august 2008. 
  2. ^ Childs, Francis Lane (december 1957). "A Dartmouth History Lesson for Freshman". Dartmouth Alumni Magazine. Hentet 12. februar 2007. 
  3. ^ "About Dartmouth – History". Dartmouth.edu. Arkiveret fra originalen 28. september 2010. Hentet 15. oktober 2010. 
  4. ^ Hoefnagel, Dick; Virginia L. Close (2002). Eleazar Wheelock and the Adventurous Founding of Dartmouth College. Hanover, New Hampshire: Durand Press for Hanover Historical Society. 
  5. ^ Sayigh, Aziz G.; Boris V. Vabson (1. oktober 2006). "The Wheelock Succession". The Dartmouth Review. Arkiveret fra originalen 23. oktober 2007. Hentet 23. august 2008. 
  6. ^ "The World's Most Enduring Institutions" (PDF). Booz Allen Hamilton. 16. december 2004. Arkiveret fra originalen (PDF) 7. februar 2017. Hentet 23. august 2008. ; "Dartmouth College went from a floundering, financially weak institution of about 300 students over the next 20 years to an enrollment of more than 2,000, a robust endowment, and a national reputation as the most prestigious undergraduate college in the United States."
  7. ^ Dartmouth College. Encyclopædia Britannica. Hentet 18. november 2014. Dartmouth is regarded as one of the most innovative liberal arts colleges in the United States. The school concentrates primarily on undergraduate education with small classes, numerous seminars, and close student-teacher contact, but Dartmouth is also well known for the quality of its professional schools ... 
  8. ^ Dartmouth College. Encyclopedia.com. Building on the strong foundations and rich traditions laid down by the Wheelocks, Nathan Lord and his successors embarked on a broad program of expansion that, before the end of the century, gave Dartmouth a greatly increased endowment, additional buildings, an observatory, and a strong faculty. It was not until the twentieth century that Dartmouth experienced its greatest growth. After the 1890s, the number of students increased tenfold, stabilizing at about three thousand by the mid-1900s. Endowment, faculty, and the physical plant increased accordingly. A center for the arts, facilities for graduate work in a number of fields, and an extensive research library were added. 
  9. ^ "Dartmouth admits record-low 7.9 percent of applicants to Class of 2023". The Dartmouth. 
  10. ^ "Explore the Green". Dartmouth College. Hentet 15. juni 2017. 
  11. ^ "A Flexible Study Plan". Dartmouth College. Hentet 13. september 2016. 
  12. ^ Webster, Katharine (25. maj 2007). "Conservatives Gain Ground at Dartmouth: Dartmouth Alumni Elect Conservatives to Trustees Amid Struggle to Change College's Direction". Washington Post. Associated Press. Hentet 21. oktober 2011. 
  13. ^ Kennedy, Randy (7. november 1999). "A Frat Party Is:; a) Milk and Cookies; b) Beer Pong". The New York Times. Hentet 23. august 2008. ... at Dartmouth College a place where traditions die hard ... 
  14. ^ "Hill Winds, Granite Brains, and Other Dartmouth Traditions". Summer 2007 Newsletter. Dartmouth Parents & Grandparents. Arkiveret fra originalen 6. juli 2008. Hentet 23. august 2008. 
  15. ^ "Dartmouth College". US News & World Report. Hentet 12. september 2017. 

Koordinater: 43°42′12″N 72°17′18″V / 43.703333333333°N 72.288333333333°V / 43.703333333333; -72.288333333333