Apple Macintosh

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Med uret fra oven: MacBook Air (2015), iMac G5 20" (2004), Macintosh II (1987), Power Mac G4 Cube (2000), iBook G3 Blueberry (1999), Original Macintosh 128K (1984)

Macintosh (omtalt i salgsmateriale som Mac siden 1998) er en type af computere designet og fremstillet af det amerikanske firma Apple Inc.

Macs benyttede oprindelig Motorola 68k-mikroprocessorer, men i senere modeller blev CPU'en udskiftet med PowerPC-processorer fra IBM. Efter at have benyttet disse i over et årti skiftede Apple atter processorproducent, denne gang til Intels Core Duo, Core 2 Duo og Xeon 5100. Skiftet medførte væsentlige ændringer inden for Mac-software. Bl.a. gjorde det, at tidligere software skulle omprogrammeres for at kunne køre på Intel-processorerne. Dog havde Apple indsat et PowerPC-emuleringssystem i deres første Intel-udgave af Mac OS X 10.4, der muliggjorde emulering af PowerPC-programmer, såsom Microsoft Office 2004 for Mac og andre programmer udviklet til PowerPC-platformen.

En væsentlig ting ved Intel-skiftet var, at det gjorde det muligt at køre Microsofts styresystem Windows på en Mac. Dette kan gøres på flere forskellige måder. En traditionel installation af Windows XP eller senere kan foregå via Apples installationsprogram Boot Camp. En anden metode er at bruge virtualiseringssoftware, hvor man kan køre Windows og andre styresystemer side om side med Mac OS X. Inden for denne kategori benyttes især Parallels Desktop og VMware Fusion.

En Power Mac G5

Styresystemet med den grafiske brugergrænseflade blev oprindelig benævnt Macintosh-styresystemet, eller uformelt Mac OS. Fra version 7.6 blev det officielt benævnt Mac OS.

Macintosh blev introduceret den 22. januar 1984 og blev sat til salg to dage efter. Den var den første masseproducerede kommercielle computer, der havde en grafisk brugergrænseflade (GUI). Denne type brugergrænseflade betegnes også WIMP, hviket står for "window, icon, menu, pointing device". Denne type interaktion med computeren (HCI) er udviklet hos Xerox PARC i 1973 men blev for alvor populær og udbredt via Macintosh-computeren.

Tastaturet til en Macintosh-/Applecomputer afviger fra det traditionelle PC-tastatur. Apple-tastaturet har således et lidt andet design, ligesom det indeholder en række taster, som er unikke for Mac.

Pc-innovationer introduceret eller populariseret med Macintosh[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

Macintosh har introduceret eller populariseret mange funktionaliteter - fx:

Se også[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

Referencer[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

  1. ^ a b c Tim Bajarin (23. januar 2014). "Apple's Mac: 30 Years of Tech Disruption". PCMag (engelsk). Arkiveret fra originalen 2021-04-20. Hentet 2022-05-23. Tomorrow marks the 30th anniversary of the Mac's introduction, and it's worth reflecting on how this computer has influenced the world of computing since its debut. In fact, since I am the only analyst from the event still working in the industry, I did a lot of interviews with newspapers, magazines, and bloggers leading up to this anniversary. I told them all that while the IBM PC clearly set the ball in motion for the PC revolution, it was the Mac that drove much of the real innovation in personal computing. [...] The Mac introduced us to the first true commercial version of a graphical user interface and mouse and popularized the 3.5-inch floppy disk. But the combined package of the OS design, developer program, and innovative hardware also made it feasible to launch some very important advancements that drove the PC market forward and in some cases even disrupted some industries. [...] Tim Bajarin is recognized as one of the leading industry consultants, analysts, and futurists covering the field of personal computers and consumer technology.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Harry McCracken (24. januar 2014). "20 Ways Apple's Mac Changed Everything (Other Than the Most Obvious Ones). The story of a computer that never stopped mattering". time.com (engelsk). Arkiveret fra originalen 2021-04-13. Hentet 2022-05-23. Drawing heavily on inspiration from Xerox’s PARC lab and other research that came before it, as well as Apple’s own Lisa — but adding plenty of its own innovations — the Mac was the first successful computer with a graphical user interface, a mouse and the ability to show you what a printed document would look like before you printed it. As the computer turns 30, it’s tempting to celebrate simply by remembering how profoundly its debut changed personal computing...Here’s why it’s never stopped being the world’s most influential personal computer.
  3. ^ a b c Alex Hern (2. august 2018). "From Macs to iPods and apps: how Apple revolutionised technology. Over 42 years, the company has created an 'app economy' and placed itself at the centre of it". theguardian (engelsk). Arkiveret fra originalen 2022-05-20. Hentet 2022-05-23. Few companies change the world, and fewer still do it more than once. Apple is one of them, with a string of products over its 42-year history that have revolutionised computing, upended industries and ultimately reshaped society.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Harry McCracken (17. oktober 2008). "FireWire Isn't Alone: A Brief History of Features Apple Has Killed". technologizer (engelsk). Arkiveret fra originalen 2022-01-18. Hentet 2022-05-23. Apple has a storied history of being the first company to introduce an array of new technologies in its computers, or among the very first, at least.
  5. ^ "Apple's innovations and changing technological fortunes". itv (engelsk). 24. april 2013. Arkiveret fra originalen 2021-04-13. Hentet 2022-05-23. Apple has come a long way since the company was formed in 1976. Here are some key dates in its long innovative history.
  6. ^ Danny Bradbury (22. januar 2009). "Video: Apple Mac - 25 years of innovation". Computerweekly (engelsk). Arkiveret fra originalen 2021-05-09. Hentet 2022-05-23.

Eksterne henvisninger[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

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