Skabelon:Biologiske systemer

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Linnaeus
1735
2 riger
Haeckel
1866[1]
3 riger
Chatton
1937[2]
2 imperier
Copeland
1956[3]
4 riger
Whittaker
1969[4]
5 riger
Woese et al.
1977[5]
6 riger
Woese et al.
1990[6]
3 domæner
(not treated) Protister Prokaryoter Monera Monera Eubacteria Bakterier
Archaebacteria Arker
Eukaryoter Protister Protista Protista Eukarya
Vegetabilia Planter Svampe Svampe
Planter Planter Planter
Dyr Dyr Dyr Dyr Dyr
  1. ^ E. Haeckel (1866). Generelle Morphologie der Organismen. Reimer, Berlin. 
  2. ^ E. Chatton (1937). Titres et travaux scientifiques. Sette, Sottano, Italy. 
  3. ^ H. F. Copeland (1956). The Classification of Lower Organisms. Palo Alto: Pacific Books. 
  4. ^ Whittaker RH (januar 1969). "New concepts of kingdoms of organisms". Science. 163 (863): 150–60. PMID 5762760. doi:10.1126/science.163.3863.150. 
  5. ^ C. R. Woese, W. E. Balch, L. J. Magrum, G. E. Fox and R. S. Wolfe (august 1977). "An ancient divergence among the bacteria". Journal of Molecular Evolution. 9 (4): 305–311. PMID 408502. doi:10.1007/BF01796092. 
  6. ^ Woese C, Kandler O, Wheelis M (1990). "Towards a natural system of organisms: proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eucarya.". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 87 (12): 4576–9. PMC 54159free to read. PMID 2112744. doi:10.1073/pnas.87.12.4576.