Ptolemaios-dynastiet

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Ptolemæisk kvinde

Det ptolemæiske dynasti (oldgræsk: Πτολεμαῖοι, Ptolemaioi), somme tider også kaldet lagiderne (latin: Lagidae, oldgræsk: Λαγίδαι=Lagidai) efter Lagos, Ptolemaios 1.s far, var et makedonsk kongehus, der herskede over Egypten i den hellenistiske periode. De herskede i 275 år, fra 305 f.Kr. til 30 f.Kr., og var det sidste dynasti i det gamle Egypten.

Den kulturelle forbindelse mellem datidens Makedonien og Grækenland er ofte antydet, se ex.:

  • Jones, Prudence J. (2006). Cleopatra: A Sourcebook. University of Oklahoma Press. s. 14. "They were members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Macedonian Greeks, who ruled Egypt after the death of its conqueror, Alexander the Great." 
  • Pomeroy, Sarah B. (1990). Women in Hellenistic Egypt. Wayne State University Press. s. 16. "while Ptolemaic Egypt was a monarchy with a Greek ruling class." 
  • Redford, Donald B., red. (2000). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press. "Cleopatra VII was born to Ptolemy XII Auletes (80–57 BCE, ruled 55–51 BCE) and Cleopatra, both parents being Macedonian Greeks." 
  • Bard, Kathryn A., red. (1999). Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt. Routledge. s. 488. "Ptolemaic kings were still crowned at Memphis and the city was popularly regarded as the Egyptian rival to Alexandria, founded by the Macedonian Greeks." 
  • Bard, Kathryn A., red. (1999). Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt. Routledge. s. 687. "During the Ptolemaic period, when Egypt was governed by rulers of Greek descent..." 

Se også[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Yderligere læsning[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  • Susan Stephens, Seeing Double. Intercultural Poetics in Ptolemaic Alexandria (Berkeley, 2002).
  • A. Lampela, Rome and the Ptolemies of Egypt. The development of their political relations 273-80 B.C. (Helsinki, 1998).
  • J. G. Manning, The Last Pharaohs: Egypt Under the Ptolemies, 305-30 BC (Princeton, 2009).

Fodnoter[redigér | redigér wikikode]

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