Abelprisen

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Abelprisen er en norsk international matematisk pris, der uddeles en gang om året af Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi til forskere, som i løbet af deres karriere har bidraget på et helt ekstraordinært højt niveau til matematikkens udvikling.

Prisen er på seks millioner norske kroner og overrækkes af en repræsentant for det norske kongehus ved en storslået ceremoni.

Oprettelse af prisen[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Den 23. august 2001, meddelte den daværende statsminister Jens Stoltenberg under en tale på Blindern (Oslo Universitet), at den norske regering ville oprette en Abel-fond på på 200 millioner norske kroner.

Den årlige tildeling, anno 2014, er sat til seks millioner norske kroner.

Prisen blev oprettet i forbindelse med 200-års-jubilæet for fødslen af den berømte norske matematiker Niels Henrik Abel (1802-1829) og blev uddelt første gang i 2003.

Modtagere[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Liste over vindere
År Vinder(e) Nationalitet Institution Begrundelse Ref
2003 Serre, Jean-PierreJean-Pierre Serre Frankrig French Collège de France "for playing a key role in shaping the modern form of many parts of mathematics, including topology, algebraic geometry and number theory" [1]
2004 Atiyah, MichaelMichael Atiyah;
Singer, IsadoreIsadore Singer
Storbritannien British;
USA American
University of Edinburgh;
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
"for their discovery and proof of the index theorem, bringing together topology, geometry and analysis, and their outstanding role in building new bridges between mathematics and theoretical physics" [2]
2005 Lax, PeterPeter Lax USA American Courant Institute "for his groundbreaking contributions to the theory and application of partial differential equations and to the computation of their solutions" [3]
2006 Carleson, LennartLennart Carleson Sverige Swedish[4] Royal Institute of Technology "for his profound and seminal contributions to harmonic analysis and the theory of smooth dynamical systems" [5]
2007 Varadhan, S. R. SrinivasaS. R. Srinivasa Varadhan Indien Indien
USA American [6]
Courant Institute "for his fundamental contributions to probability theory and in particular for creating a unified theory of large deviation" [7]
2008 Thompson, John G.John G. Thompson;
Tits, JacquesJacques Tits
USA American;
Belgien Belgian
Frankrig French[8]
University of Florida;
Collège de France
"for their profound achievements in algebra and in particular for shaping modern group theory" [9]
2009 Gromov, MikhailMikhail Gromov Rusland Russian
Frankrig French[10]
Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques
Courant Institute
"for his revolutionary contributions to geometry" [11]
2010 Tate, JohnJohn Tate USA American University of Texas at Austin "for his vast and lasting impact on the theory of numbers" [12]
2011 Milnor, JohnJohn Milnor USA American[13] Stony Brook University "for pioneering discoveries in topology, geometry, and algebra" [14]
2012 Szemerédi, EndreEndre Szemerédi Ungarn Hungarian
USA American[15]
Alfréd Rényi Institute
and Rutgers University
"for his fundamental contributions to discrete mathematics and theoretical computer science, and in recognition of the profound and lasting impact of these contributions on additive number theory and ergodic theory" [16]
2013 Deligne, PierrePierre Deligne Belgien Belgian Institute for Advanced Study "for seminal contributions to algebraic geometry and for their transformative impact on number theory, representation theory, and related fields" [17]
2014 Sinai, YakovYakov Sinai Rusland Russian
USA American
Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics
and Princeton University
"for his fundamental contributions to dynamical systems, ergodic theory, and mathematical physics" [18]
2015 Nash, Jr., John F.John F. Nash, Jr.;
Nirenberg, LouisLouis Nirenberg
USA American;
Canada USA Canadian/American
Princeton University and MIT;
Courant Institute
"for striking and seminal contributions to the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations and its applications to geometric analysis" [19]

Referencer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  1. The Abel Prize Laureate 2003. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  2. The Abel Prize Laureate 2004. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  3. The Abel Prize Laureate 2005. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  4. Swedish mathematician receives the Abel Prize. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  5. The Abel Prize Laureate 2006. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  6. Fields Institute – Thematic Program on Dynamic and Transport in Disordered Systems. Fields Institute for Research in Mathematical Sciences. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  7. The Abel Prize Laureate 2007. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  8. Abel Prize Ceremony 2008. The Royal Norwegian Embassy in Seoul. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  9. The Abel Prize Laureate 2008. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  10. Russian-French mathematician receives the Abel Prize. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  11. The Abel Prize Laureate 2009. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  12. The Abel Prize Laureate 2010. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  13. Dimension-Cruncher: Exotic Spheres Earn Mathematician John Milnor an Abel Prize. Scientific American. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  14. The Abel Prize Laureate 2011. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  15. Hungarian-American Endre Szemerédi named Abel Prize winner. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  16. The Abel Prize Laureate 2012. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 23 December 2012. 
  17. The Abel Prize Laureate 2013. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 20 June 2013. 
  18. The Abel Prize Laureate 2014. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 26 March 2014. 
  19. The Abel Prize Laureate 2015. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Hentet 25 March 2015. 

Ekstern henvisning og kilde[redigér | redigér wikikode]