Citrus

Fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi
Spring til navigation Spring til søgning
Citrus
Skiver af forskellige citrusfrugter.
Skiver af forskellige citrusfrugter.
Videnskabelig klassifikation
Rige Plantae (Planter)
Division Magnoliophyta (Dækfrøede planter)
Klasse Magnoliopsida (Tokimbladede)
Orden Sapindales (Sæbetræ-ordenen)
Familie Rutaceae (Rude-familien)
Slægt Citrus
Hjælp til læsning af taksobokse
Forskellige citrustyper i tværsnit. Nogle af dem er hybrider mellem to eller flere oprindelige arter.
Den botaniske klassifikation af de arter, hybrider, sorter og kultivarer, der tilhører slægten Citrus kaldes "citrus taksonomi".
(Citrus japonica) (Kumquat)
(Citrus sensu lato) (Citrus japonica) Kumquat
(Fortunella margarita), oprindeligt art i Kina og oprindelig art tilhørende Kina, Kumquat
Poser og net af kumquat til salg ved kumquat-festival i Florida, Kumquat
(Citrus micrantha) (Papeda)
(Citrus medica) (Cedrat)
(Citrus reticulata) (Mandarin) og (Mandarin (frugt))
(Citrus × aurantium var. clementina) (Mandarin appelsin × sød appelsin) (willowleaf mandarin appelsin (Citrus × deliciosa) and a sød appelsin (Citrus × sinensis)(Klementin)
(Citrus × aurantium var. sinensis) (Appelsin) og sød appelsin (Citrus × sinensis)
(Citrus tangerina eller Citrus x tangerina, Citrus tangerina Yu.Tanaka), eller behandlet som en varietet af (Citrus reticulata), mandarin-appelsin.
(Citrus × aurantium) Sur appelsin
(Citrus reticulata × Citrus) maxima eller × Citrus paradisi), (Citrus reticulata × Citrus maxima eller × Citrus paradisi), (Citrus × tangelo) hybrid af en Citrus reticulata-sort, såsom en Mandarin appelsin eller Tangerin/ Tangerine, ('tangerine' og 'pomelo') og en Citrus maxima-sort, såsom en Pomelo eller Grapefrugt, (Tangelo)
(Citrus × limonia eller Citrus reticulata × medica) (Rangpur)
(Citrus trifoliata eller Poncirus trifoliata) (Trefoldet appelsin)
(Citrus × aurantium var. paradisi) (Grapefrugt)
(Citrus grandis × Citrus. Paradisi) (Oroblanco) eller sweetie
(Citrus × limon var. limon) (Citron)
(Citrus medica) (Citron)
(Citrus limon) lemon, citron
(Citrus × limon var. bergamia), (Citrus ×bergamia (Citrus ×limon × Citrus ×aurantium) (Bergamot)
(Citrus × aurantiifolia var. aurantiifolia) (Lime)
(Citrus hystrix) (Makrut lime)
(Citrus limetta) (Limetta)
(Citrus limettioides) (Palæstinensisk sød lime)
Søde limes fra Salem
(Citrus hystrix) (Kaffir lime) eller (Makrut lime), Bergamot frugt
(Citrus × latifolia) (Citrus aurantiifolia var. latifolia Yu. Tanaka) (Persisk lime)
Skåret og halv lime
Lime
(Citrus × aurantiifolia) er en citrus hybrid (C. hystrix × C. medica) (Citrus × aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle) (Mexikansk lime), (Vest indisk lime), (Bartender's lime), (Omani lime), (Key lime)
Australsk outback lime, en kultivar af ørken lime (Citrus glauca)
(Citrus australis) Dooja, rund lime, australsk lime eller australsk rund lime
(Citrus garrawayi) Hvid bjerg lime
(Citrus cavaleriei) (Ichang papeda), shangjuan eller Ichang lemon
Ichang papeda, (Citrus cavaleriei × Citrus maxima) en citrussort kendt for sin kuldetolerance
Citrons (Citrus medica) til salg i Tyskland
Grøn (Australsk finger Lime) eller (kaviar lime) (Citrus australasica)
Rød (Finger Lime) eller Rød (Australsk finger Lime) (Citrus australasica), en sjælden delikatesse fra Australien
(Citrus glauca) ørken lime
Blod limes, Blod lime eller australsk blod lime er en (hybrid)
(Citrus medica) (Cedrat)
En variant af lumia (Citrus lumia Risso. & Poit., eller Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm. et Panz.) Swingle var. lumia hort.)
Lumia af Johann Christoph Volkamer beskrives som en sød lemon, sød citron.
(Citrus macroptera) Malaysisk papeda eller vild appelsin
(Citrus × webberii) Kalpi eller Malaysisk lemon, malaysisk citron
En Græsk citron og israelsk etrog og yemenite etrog, med pitam og gartel (kant, ryg omkring midten), (En israelsk etrog med pitam og gartel (ryg omkring midten)
(Citrus unshiu) (Yu.Tanaka ex Walter Tennyson Swingle) miyagawa mandarin, unshu mikan, mikan
Mikan (Citrus ×unshiu), også kendt som satsumas
Søde appelsiner (Citrus ×sinensis) bruges i mange fødevarer. Deres forfædre var pomeloer og mandarin appelsiner.

Citrus er det fælles navn for en slægt, der er udbredt i det tropiske og subtropiske Asien med ca. 140 arter og naturlige hybrider[1]. Ordet citrus kommer af græsk kedros via latin cedrus. Disse ord blev brugt af oldtidens grækere og romere om flere forskellige træer med duftende løv eller ved (citrus har samme oprindelse som plantenavnet for Ceder, der også var kendt for sit velduftende ved).en

Slægtens taxonomi og systematiske forhold er komplekse, og man kender ikke det præcise antal naturligt forekommende arter. Det skyldes, at mange af de navngivne arter formeres vegetativt som kloner, og desuden er der beviser for, at ægte vilde arter i virkeligheden er spontane hybrider[2]. Dyrkede former af Citrus kan muligvis føres tilbage til så få som fire oprindelige arter.[3][4][5] De spontane og fremavlede hybrider omfatter økonomisk betydningsfulde frugter som appelsin, grapefrugt, citron visse former for lime og nogle af tangerinerne.en

Forskning tyder på, at nærtstående slægter som Fortunella (kumquat), Poncirus (dværgcitron) og muligvis de australske slægter Microcitrus og Eremocitrus,en bør høre hjemme i Citrus, hvortil de fleste botanikere henfører dem til i dag.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

Citrus-arter og afledte hybridarter[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

Citrus-arter, som vi kender dem, er resultatet af seksuel hybridisering mellem fire oprindelige arter, hvilket har ledt til et stort antal hybridarteren. Nedenstående oversigt er fortrinsvis baseret på den taksonomiske oversigt i Kalita et al. (2021).[4]

Populært navn Videnskabeligt navn Type Ophav Synonymer
Kumquat (Guldorange) Citrus japonica Thunb.[5] Oprindelig art - Fortunella japonica (Thunb.) Swingle[15]
Pomelo Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.[16][5] Oprindelig art - -
Papeda Citrus micrantha Wester[16][17][5] Oprindelig art - Citrus hystrix
Cedrat Citrus medica L.[16][17][5] Oprindelig art - Citrus hystrix
Tachibana mandarin Citrus reticulata var. tachibana ined.[5] Oprindelig art - Citrus tachibana
Sun-Chu-Sha-Kat mandarin Citrus reticulata var. austera Swingle[5] Oprindelig art - Citrus reticulata
Willowleaf mandarin Citrus aurantium var. deliciosa ined.[16][18][5][19] Blandet C. reticulata med introgression fra C. maxima (1-10%) Citrus deliciosa Ten.; Citrus reticulata
Dancy mandarin Citrus aurantium var. tangerina ined.[16][5][19] Blandet C. reticulata med introgression fra C. maxima (1-10%) Citrus tangerina hort. ex Tanaka; Citrus reticulata
Klementin Citrus aurantium var. clementina ined.[16][5][19] Blandet C. reticulata med introgression fra C. maxima (12-38%) Citrus clementina hort. ex Tanaka; Citrus reticulata
King mandarin Citrus aurantium var. nobilis ined.[16][5][19] Blandet C. reticulata med introgression fra C. maxima (12-38%) Citrus nobilis Lour.; Citrus reticulata
Satsuma mandarin Citrus aurantium var. unshiu ined.[16][5][19] Blandet C. reticulata med introgression fra C. maxima (12-38%) Citrus unshiu Marcow.; Citrus reticulata
Sur appelsin (Bitter appelsin) Citrus × aurantium var. aurantium L.[16][18][5][19] Hybrid C. maxima x C. reticulata Citrus aurantium L.
Sød appelsin (Appelsin) Citrus × aurantium var. sinensis L. [16][18][5][19] Hybrid (C. maxima x C. reticulata) x C. reticulata[20][21] Citrus sinensis L.
Grapefrugt Citrus × aurantium var. paradisi ined.[16][5][19] Hybrid ((C. maxima x C. reticulata) x C. reticulata) x C. maxima Citrus paradisi Macfad.
Citron Citrus × limon var. limon (L.) Burm. f.[17][5] Hybrid C. medica x (C. maxima x C. reticulata) Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Bergamot Citrus × limon var. bergamia ined.[17] Hybrid (C. medica x (C. maxima x C. reticulata)) x (C. maxima x C. reticulata) Citrus bergamia Risso and Poit.
Lime Citrus × aurantiifolia var. aurantiifolia[17][5] Hybrid C. medica x C. micrantha Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Alemow Citrus × aurantiifolia var. macrophylla ined.[17] Hybrid C. medica x C. micrantha Citrus macrophylla Wester; Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Adams æble Citrus × aurantiifolia var. aurata ined.[17] Hybrid C. medica x C. micrantha Citrus aurata Risso
Rangpur lime Citrus × limonia var. limonia[17][5] Hybrid C. medica x C. reticulata Citrus limonia Osbech
Khatta Kharna lime Citrus × limonia var. limonia[17] Hybrid C. medica x C. reticulata Citrus karna Raf.
Grov citron (Ru citron) Citrus × limonia var. jambhiri[17][5] Hybrid C. medica x C. reticulata Citrus jambhiri Lush.; Citrus × taitensis Risso

Andre afledte hybridarter[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

Her nævnes kun de arter, som har økonomisk betydning, samt deres hjemsteden. Flere af arternes oprindelse er endnu ikke klarlagt.[22]

Asien[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

  • Appelsin (Citrus sinensis)
    • Appelsinquat (Citrus sinensis × Citrus japonica)
    • Blodappelsin, hindbær-appelsin (Citrus × sinensis 'Blood orange') (Citrus ×sinensis)
    • Bergamot appelsin Citrus ×bergamia (C. ×limon × C. ×aurantium) (Citrus bergamia)
    • Hassaku appelsin, Hort. Tanaka, (Citrus × hassaku)
    • Indisk vild appelsin, Vild indisk appelsin (Citrus indica)
    • Jaffa-appelsin (Citrus × sinensis 'Jaffa')
    • Kara kara (Citrus sinensis 'Cara Cara')
    • Koji-appelsin, bingyul (Citrus leiocarpa)
    • Kongeappelsin, Cam sành ('King orange') (Citrus reticulata × C sinensis) (Citrus reticulata × sinensis)
    • Marmelade appelsin (Citrus × aurantium)
    • Navel-appelsin (Citrus × sinensis 'Navel orange')
    • Seville-appelsin Citrus ×aurantium (C. maxima × C. reticulata) (C. × aurantium)
    • Sur Appelsin, Bitter Appelsin Citrus ×aurantium (C. maxima × C. reticulata) (Citrus × aurantium)
    • Sød Appelsin (Citrus ×sinensis (sandsynligvis C. maxima × C. reticulata) (Citrus × aurantium) (Citrus ×sinensis (C. maxima × C. reticulata) (Citrus × sinensis) (Citrus × aurantium)
    • Satsuma appelsin (Citrus unshiu)
    • Sakurajima komikan appelsin (Citrus × sinensis)
    • Smith Rød Valencia (Smith Red Valencia) (pummelo × mandarin appelsin) (Citrus × sinensis)
    • Tachibana-appelsinen (Citrus tachibana)
    • Tachibana-appelsinen (Citrus reticulata tachibana)
    • Tachibana-appelsinen (Citrus tachibana (Mak.) Tanaka)
    • Tachibana-appelsinen (C. reticulata var. tachibana)
    • Trefoldet appelsin (Citrus trifoliata)
    • Trefoldet appelsin (Poncirus trifoliata)
    • Valencia-appelsin (Citrus sinensis 'Valencia')
    • Vild appelsin (Citrus macroptera)
  • Bushukan (Buddha's hånd) (Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis)
  • Byeonggyul (Citrus platymamma)
  • Calamansi, Calamondin filippinsk lime eller filippinsk lemon (C× Citrofortunella microcarpa)
    • Calamondin (Citrus reticulata × Citrus japonica)
    • Calamondin (X Citrofortunella microcarpa (Bunge) Wijnands Citrus madurensis Lour.)
  • Cedrat (Citrus medica) – Sukatfrugt, Sukat
    • Fingercedrat (Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis)
    • Kabbad, "Le Cédrat Kabbad et deux autres variétés de cédrat" (Citrus × sinensis × Citrus × aurantium × Citrus medica)
    • Kabosu (Citrus cavaleriei × Citrus x aurantium)
    • Sunki, Suenkat (Citrus sunki)
    • Sunki, Suenkat (C. reticulata var. sunki)
  • Citron (C. limonimedica) (Citrus ×limon (C. medica × C. ×aurantium) (Citrus limon)
    • Assam citron (Assam Lemon) (Citrus limon)
    • Bergamote (Citrus bergamia)
    • Citron, Shiikuwasha, calamansî (calamondin), tyndskallet flad citron, Hayata, (Citrus × Depressa ,Tidligere C. Pectinifera) (Citrus depressa)
    • Dværgcitron (Poncirus trifoliata)
    • Dværgcitron (Poncirus polyandra)
    • Florentine citron (Citrus × limonimedica 'Florentina') (C. × limonimedica Lush)
    • Kejserlig citron, (Imperial lemon) (Citrus limon × Citrus paradisi) ((C. maxima × C. medica) × C. ×paradisi)
    • Kabossu citron
    • Lemon (Citrus ×limon (C. medica × C. ×aurantium) (Citrus limon)
    • Lisbon citron (Lisbon lemon) (Citrus x limon 'Lisbon')
    • Lumia (Citrus × lumia Risso. & Poit.) Lumia (Citrus lumia Risso. & Poit)
    • lumia (Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm. et Panz.) Swingle var. lumia hort.)
    • Meyer lemon, Valley Lemon, meyer citron, valley citron Citrus ×meyeri (C. medica × C. ×sinensis) (Citrus × meyeri)
    • Ponderosa-citronen (Citrus × pyriformis)
    • Pærer citron, pærer lemon (Citrus × lumia 'pyriformis')
    • Rhobs el Arsa (Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.)
    • Rough lemon, Grov citron, Ru citron, (Citron rouge) (Citrus ×jambhiri Lush. (C. reticulata × C. medica) (Citrus jambhiri)
    • Shangjuan, Ichang-citron, (Ichang lemon) (Citrus cavaleriei × Citrus. maxima)
    • Sudachi citron (Citrus sudachi)
    • Sød citron (Citrus limettioides)
    • Sød citron (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
    • Tachibana (Citrus tachibana)
    • Volkamper lemon, Volkamper citron (Citrus limonia)
  • Citreae (Citrus Aurantioideae)
    • Citreae (Citrus Clauseneae Citreae)
  • Citrange, Citroncirus (Citrus sinensis × Poncirus trifoliata)
    • Citrange, Citroncirus webberi (Citrus × insitorum)
    • Citrange (Citrus × sinensis × Citrus trifoliata)
    • Citrangequat (Citrus sinensis × Citrus japonica)
    • Citrangequat (Citrus japonica × Citrange)
  • Citrandarin, 'Changsha' citrandarin (Citrus reticulata × Citrus trifoliata)
  • Citrumelo Poncirus trifoliata (Japansk bitter-sur appelsin) x Citrus × paradisi (grapefrugt) (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Citrumelo (Citrus × paradisi × Citrus trifoliata)
  • Daidai (Citrus limetta 'Daidai')
    • Daidai, Siebold ex Hayata, Citrus ×aurantium var. daidai eller Citrus ×daidai (Citrus × daidai)
  • Djeruk limau (Citrus ×amblycarpa)
  • Fairchild-mandarinen (C. tangerina × Citrus reticulata)
  • Gajanimma, Carabao Lime (Citrus ×pennivesiculata)
  • Grapefrugt (Citrus paradisi) (Citrus × paradisi) (Citrus ×paradisi (C. maxima × C. ×sinensis)
    • Grapefrugt (Citrus aurantium)
    • Forbudt frugt (Citrus aurantium)
    • Mandelo (Citrus × paradisi 'Cocktail')
    • Melogold, Melogold grapefruit (Citrus grandis Osbeck × C. Paradisi Macf)
    • Oro Blanco, Oroblanco, oroblanco grapefruit, pomelit, sweetie (white gold/ hvidt guld) (Citrus grandis Osbeck × C. Paradisi Macf.) (C. maxima × C. ×paradisi)
    • Ugli (C. reticulata × C. paradisi)
    • Ugli (C. reticulata × C. maxima × C. ×paradisi)
    • Ugli (C. reticulata × C. ×paradisi)
    • Ugli (C. × paradisi × C. maxima)
    • Ugli (C. reticulata × C. maxima)
  • Haruka (Citrus tamurana x natsudaidai) (Citrus tamurana)
  • Hassaku (Citrus hassaku)
  • Hebesu, Hebezu, Hort. ex Fujita (Citrus × hebesu)
  • Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana)
    • Hyuganatsu, Hyuganatsu pumelo (Citrus tamurana)
  • Iyokan, Anadomikan (Citrus x iyo)
  • Jabara (Citrus x jabara)
  • Lime (Citrus aurantifolia) (Citrus x aurantifolia)
    • Lime (Citrus longispina)
    • Alemow (Citrus macrophylla)
    • Indonesisk nansaran (C. amblycarpa) (C. hystrix/C. reticulata)
    • Kabosu (Citrus sphaerocarpa) (Citrus ×sphaerocarpa)
    • Kaffir lime, makrut lime (Citrus hystrix)
    • Kalpi lime (Citrus webberii)
    • Key lime (C. hystrix × C. medica) (Citrus aurantifolia)
    • Khatta lime (Citrus karna)
    • Lisbon lime (Citrus x lime 'Lisbon')
    • Limequat (Citrus × Fortunella) (Citrus aurantifolia × Fortunella Sp.)(Citrofortunella × floridana) (Citrus aurantifolia × Citrus japonica)
    • Micrantha (Citrus hystrix)
    • Nestour lime (Citrus excelsa)
    • Odichukuthi lime (Citrus aurantifolia)
    • Persisk lime, Bjørnelime, Tahiti lime, Citrus aurantiifolia var. latifolia Yu. Tanaka (Citrus × latifolia) (Citrus × aurantiifolia) (Citrus × limon)/ Tahiti lime – C. ×latifolia (C. ×aurantiifolia × C. ×limon) (Citrus ×limettioides Tanaka (C. medica × C. ×sinensis)
    • Rangpur lime (Citrus × limonia) (Citrus limonia)
    • Sød lime (Citrus limetta)
    • Sød palæstinensisk lime (Citrus limettioïdes) (Citrus limettioides)
    • Tahiti lime (Citrus latifolia)
    • Tanepao lime (Citrus aurantifolia)
  • Kabosu (Citrus sphaerocarpa)
  • Karatachi (Citrus trifoliata)
  • Kawachi Bankan, Uwa Gold, (Mishokan) (Citrus kawachiensis)
    • Kawachi Bankan (Citrus kawachiensis)
    • Kawachi Bankan (Citrus maxima)
    • Kawachi Bankan Uwa Gold, Mishokan, (Citrus maxima)
  • Kinkoji unshiu (Citrus obovoidea x unshiu) Citrus reticulata, Kinkoji x satsuma, Kinkoji unshiu
  • Kinnow ('King' (Citrus nobilis) × 'Willow Leaf' (Citrus × deliciosa)
  • Kiyomi (C. unshiu × C sinensis)
  • Klementin (Citrus clementina) (Citrus × clementina)
  • Kumquat Fortunella japonica (Citrus japonica)
    • Almindelig kumquat (Citrus japonica)
    • Fukushu (Citrus obovata)
    • Fukushu (Fortunella obovata)
    • Golden Bean kumquat (Citrus japonica)
    • Hong Kong kumquat (Citrus hindsii
    • Hong Kong kumquat (Fortunella hindsii)
    • Hong Kong kumquat (Citrus japonica)
    • Jiangsu kumquat (Citrus obovata)
    • Jiangsu kumquat (Fortunella obovata)
    • Kinkan (Kumquat) (Citrus japonica Kinkoji unshiu) (Citrus obovoidea x unshiu)
    • Malayansk kumquat, "hækkalken" ( limau pagar ) (Fortunella polyandra)
    • Malayansk kumquat, Tanakas, "hækkalken" ( limau pagar ) (Fortunella swinglei)
    • Meiwa kumquat (Citrus crassifolia) (Citrus. x swinglei)
    • Meiwa kumquat (Fortunella crassifolia) (Citrus. x swinglei)
    • Oval kumquat, Nagami kumquat, Eufortunella kumquats (Citrus margarita)
    • Oval kumquat, Nagami kumquat, Eufortunella kumquats (Fortunella margarita)
    • Rund kumquat (Citrus citrofortunella)
    • Rund kumquat, Marumi kumquat eller Morgani kumquat (Citrus japonica)
    • Rund kumquat, Marumi kumquat eller Morgani kumquat (Fortunella japonica)
    • “((Atalantia hindsii (Champ. ex Benth.) Oliv. Atalantia polyandra Ridley

Citrus aurantium olivaeformis Risso Citrus aurantium var. japonica krog Citrus erythrocarpa Hayata Citrus hindsii (Champ. ex Benth.) Govaerts Citrus inermis Roxb. Citrus kinokuni Yu.Tanaka Citrus madurensis Lour. Citrus margarita Lour. Citrus microcarpa Bunge Fortunella bawangica C.C.Huang Fortunella chintou (Swingle) CC Huang Fortunella crassifolia Swingle Fortunella hindsii (Champ. ex Benth.) Swingle Fortunella japonica (Thunb.) Svingle Fortunella margarita (Lour.) Swingle Fortunella obovata Tanaka Fortunella polyandra (Ridley) Fortunella swinglei Tanaka Limonellus madurensis Rumph Sclerostylis hindsii Champ. ex Benth. Sclerostylis venosa Champ. ex Benth. × Citrofortunella madurensis (Lour.) D.Rivera & al.)”

  • Lemat, Lemato frugt (Lemato fruit)
    • Limat, Limato frugt (Limato fruit)
  • Mandarin (Japansk mandarin og Kinesisk mandarin) (Citrus reticulata)
    • Changsha mandarin (Citrus reticulata 'Changsha') (Citrus reticulata)
    • Cleopatra mandarin (Citrus reshni)
    • Dekopon (Citrus reticulata 'Shiranui')
    • Dekopon (Citrus unshiu x sinensis x C. poonensis)
    • 'Encore' mandarin (King x Willowleaf 'Encore')
    • Grov citron, Ru citron ( Citrus × jambhiri Lush.) (Citrus jambhiri)
    • Heen naran mandarin (Citrus crenatifolia)
    • Jiouyuezao mandarin (Citrus reticulata 'Jiouyuezao') (Citrus reticulata)
    • Kara mandarin (Citrus unshiu (Satsuma mandarin) (Citrus nobilis var. unshiu)
    • Kanpei, Ehime queen splash (Dekopon x Nishinokaori 'Kanpei') (Citrus reticulata)
    • Kanpei, Ehime queen splash (Citrus x natsudaidai) (Citrus reticulata)
    • Kinnow ('King' (Citrus nobilis) × 'Willow Leaf' (Citrus × deliciosa)
    • Kinnow (C. ×nobilis × C. ×deliciosa)
    • Kishu (Citrus kinokuni)
    • Kishu mikan, (Kishumikan) (Citrus kinokuni ex Tanaka) (Citrus kinokuni) (Citrus reticulata)
    • Kishu mandarin (Citrus kinokuni mukakukishu)
    • Kiyomi (Citrus unshiu x sinensis)
    • Kobayashi mikan (Citrus reticulata) (Amanatsu x satsuma) (Citrus natsudaidai x unshiu)
    • Koji mandarin Kiyomi x encore (Citrus leiocarpa Kuchinotsu)
    • Komikan (Citrus × sinensis)
    • Mandarin (Citrus unshiu)
    • Fairchild mandarin (Klementin mandarin x Orlando tangelo) (Citrus reticulata)
    • Madarinquat, Orangequat (Citrus reticulata × Citrus japonica)
    • Michal mandarin (Citrus reticulata cv. 'Michal')
    • Mikan (Citrus unshiu)
    • Mikan, Satsuma (Citrus ×unshiu)
    • Miyagawa (Citrus unshiu)
    • Miyagawa mandarin (Citrus unshiu)
    • Murcott (C. reticulata x sinensis)
    • Murcott, Murcott mandarin, (Honning Tangerin')
    • Naartjie, (C. reticulata × C. nobilis) (Citrus unshiu)
    • Naartjie (C. reticulata × C. nobilis) (Citrus unshiu)
    • Nova mandarin, Clemenvilla
    • Pixie mandarin (Citrus reticulata)
    • Reikou (Citrus reticulata × sinensis × C. unshiu × C. sinensis × Citrus reticulata × Kiyomi × Encore × (King x Willowleaf 'Encore' × Citrus x nobilis)
    • Sanbokan (Citrus sulcata)
    • Sakurajima komikan mandarin, Sakurajima Mikan (Citrus x sinensis)
    • Sakurajima komikan (Citrus x sinensis)
    • Satsuma mandarin, Satsuma eller Miyagawa mandarin, Citrus reticulata 'Unshiu', syn. Citrus unshiu (Citrus unshiu)
    • Satsuma, Satsuma mandarin, Citrus reticulata 'Unshiu', syn. Citrus unshiu (Citrus unshiu)
    • Siranui, Citrus reticulata cv. 'Dekopon' (ChungGyun × Ponkan)
    • Tachibana-appelsinen (Citrus tachibana)
    • Tachibana-appelsinen (Citrus reticulata tachibana)
    • Tachibana-appelsinen (Citrus tachibana (Mak.) Tanaka)
    • Tachibana-appelsinen (C. reticulata var. tachibana)
    • Taiwan mandarin, Okinawa lime Citrus × depressa, (Citrus depressa)
    • Unshu mikan (Citrus unshiu)
  • Mandora (Citrus reticulata × Citrus sinensis)
  • Mangshanyegan (Citrus mangshanensis)
  • Mikan (Citrus unshiu)
    • Mandarin (Citrus unshiu)
    • Miyagawa (Citrus unshiu)
    • Miyagawa mandarin (Citrus unshiu)
    • Naartjie (Citrus unshiu)
    • Satsuma appelsin (Citrus unshiu)
    • Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu)
    • Unshu mikan (Citrus unshiu)
  • Natsumikan, Natsumikan-appelsin, Amanatsu (C. × natsudaidai)
  • Odichukuthi (Citrus Odichukuthi)
  • Ougonkan, Ōgonkan, Ki-mikan, Gul-mikan, hort. ex. Tanaka (Citrus flaviculpus)
    • Ougonkan, hort ex. Tanaka (Citrus flaviculpus)
    • Shonan gold, (Ougonkan) Citrus flaviculpus, hort ex. Tanaka × (Imamura unshiu), (Citrus unshiu Marc Citrus flaviculpus hort. ex Tanaka (Ōgonkan) × Citrus unshiu (Swingle) Marcow. cv. Imamura unshiu) (Citrus flaviculpus)
  • Oroblanco, oro blanco / oroblanco grapefruit, pomelit, sweetie (white gold/ hvidt guld) (Citrus grandis Osbeck × C. Paradisi Macf.) (C. maxima × C. ×paradisi)
  • Orangelo (Citrus paradisi × Citrus sinensis)
  • Papeda eller papaeda (Citrus cavaleriei)
    • Alemow (Citrus macrophylla)
    • Bjergcitron, limau kadangsa, limau kedut kera (Citrus halimii)
    • Celebes papeda (Citrus celebica)
    • Ichang papeda (Citrus cavaleriei)
    • Kalpi 'malayansk citron' (Citrus × webberii).
    • Khasi papeda (Citrus latipes)
    • Megacarpa papeda, vinget lime, sortkvistlime (Citrus longispina)
    • Melanesisk papeda, vild appelsin (Citrus macroptera)
    • Micrantha (Citrus hystrix)
    • Shuangjuan (Ichang citron) (Citrus cavaleriei × Citrus maxima)
    • Småblomstret papeda (C. hystrix var. micrantha)
    • Småfrugt papeda (C. hystrix var. microcarpa)
  • Pomelo eller Pompelmus (Citrus maxima eller Citrus grandis)
    • Banpeiyu (Citrus maxima 'Banpeiyu') (Citrus maxima)
    • Dangyuja, daengyuji (Citrus grandis) (Citrus grandis (L.))
    • Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana)
    • Hyuganatsu, Hyuganatsu pumelo (Citrus tamurana)
    • Pomelo pompelmus (pummelo, shaddock) (Citrus grandis)
    • Pomelo, pompelmus (pummelo, shaddock) (Citrus maxima)
  • Pomerans (Citrus aurantium)
    • Bergamot Citrus ×bergamia (C. ×limon × C. ×aurantium) (Citrus bergamia)
    • Bergamot (C. a. ssp.bergamia) (C. aurantium)
  • Pomelit (Citrus grandis Osbeck × C. Paradisi Macf.)
  • Pompia (Citrus medica tuberosa)
  • Pomme d’Adam (Citrus aurata)
  • Ponderosa citron (Citrus limon × Citrus medica)
  • Procimequat (C triploid citrushybrid eller C transgener hybrid, x Fortunella hindsii)
    • Procimequat (Citrus aurantifolia 'Mexican' x Fortunella japonica) x (Fortunella hindsii)
  • Rangpur, Lemanderin, Mandarin Lime, (Citrus ×limonia (C. reticulata × C. medica) (Citrus × limonia)
    • Rangpur (Citrus × limonia)
    • Canton citron, (Canton lemon)
    • Rangpur, Lemanderin, Mandarin Lime, (Citrus ×limonia (C. reticulata × C. medica) (Citrus reticulata × medica)
    • Rangpur lime (Citrus medica × Citrus reticulata)
    • Rangpur mandarin-lime
    • Borneo Rød Rangpur lime (Citrus limonia)
  • Reikou (C. unshiu × sinensis × King x Willowleaf 'Encore'× Kiyomi × Encore × 'Honey tangerine')
    • Reikou (Kuchinotsu No.37 x 'Murcott')
  • Shangjuan, Ichang citron (Citrus cavaleriei × C. maxima)
  • Sanbokan (Citrus sulcata Takahashi) (Citrus sulcata)
    • Sanbokan (Citrus sulcata)
  • Setoka (Kuchinotsu No.37 x 'Murcott')
  • Shikuwasa, Okinawan, Hirami lemon (Citrus x depressa) (Citrus sudachi)
  • Shonan Gold (Citrus flaviculpus hort. ex Tanaka (Ōgonkan) × Citrus unshiu (Swingle) Marcow. cv. Imamura unshiu) (Citrus flaviculpus x Citrus unshiu)
  • Sudachi (Citrus sudachi)
    • Sudachi (Citrus ×sudachi)
  • Sunquat (Citrus sinensis × “Citrus × meyeri” × Citrus japonica)
  • Sweetie (Citrus grandis Osbeck × C. Paradisi Macf.)
  • Tangerin (C. tangerina) (Citrus ×tangerina)
    • Honning Tangerin (C. tangerina)
    • Murcott (C. reticulata x sinensis)
    • Murcott, Murcott mandarin, (Honning Tangerin')
    • Ponkan (Citrus poonensis) (Citrus reticulata cv. 'Ponkan')
    • Ponkan (Tangerin) (Citrus poonensis) (Citrus reticulata cv. 'Ponkan')
    • Tangor (C. reticulata × C. sinensis)
  • Tangelo (Citrus x tangelo, (C. x paradisi x C. reticulata) Citrus ×tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima eller C. ×paradisi) (Citrus × tangelo)
    • Minneola tangelo (C. reticulata × C. ×paradisi)
    • Tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima)
    • Tangelo (C. reticulata × C. paradisi)
    • Tangelo (C. maxima × C. paradisi)
    • Tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima × C. paradisi)
  • Tangor, (Citrus ×nobilis (C. reticulata × C. ×sinensis)
    • Kuchinotsu No. 37
    • Kuchinotsu No. 37 (Kiyomi × Encore) (Citrus reticulata)
    • Kuchinotsu No. 37 (Kiyomi × Encore) (Citrus reticulata)

Kiyomi × Encore / ('Kiyomi' x 'Encore'), King x Willowleaf 'Encore' (Citrus unshiu × sinensis) 'Encore' mandarin, King x Willowleaf 'Encore' King × Willowleaf, 'Encore', Citrus × deliciosa (Citrus reticulata)

  • Tachibana, Citrus tachibana eller Citrus reticulata var. tachibana (Citrus tachibana)
    • Sudachi (Citrus x junos × Citrus leiocarpa / Citrus reticulata var. 'tachibana')
  • Tankan (Citrus poonensis × Citrus sinensis)
  • Ujukitsu eller 'lemonade frugt' (Citrus ujukitsu)
  • Venskabstræ
  • Yukou Citron, Yūkō (Citrus yuko)
  • Yuzu, Yuzu appelsin (Citrus junos)
    • Yuzu (Citrus cavaleriei × Citrus reticulata)
    • Yuzuquat (Citrus junos × Citrus japonica)

Australien og oceanien[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

Clymenia sp. og Clymenia platypoda, Citrusarter i Papua Ny Guinea er ikke blevet grundigt undersøgt, så det sande antal arter er ukendt. De australske slægter Microcitrus og Eremocitrus efterkommer og videre udvikling af (Microcitrus og Eremocitrus) til helt nye arter af citrus i Australien.

  • Australsk finger lime eller caviar lime, Finger-lime (Finger Lime) (Citrus australasica)
    • Brun finger lime (Citrus australasica)
    • Grøn finger lime , grøn og lysegrøn (Citrus australasica)
    • Gul finger lime (Citrus australasica)
    • Hvid eller sandfarvet, base-farvet finger lime (Citrus australasica)
    • Orange finger lime (Citrus australasica)
    • Original finger lime, oprindeligt finger lime (Citrus australasica)
    • Rød finger lime (Citrus australasica)
  • Australsk Rund lime, australsk lime eller australsk rund lime, eller Dooja (Citrus australis)
    • Round lime eller Dooja (Citrus australis)
  • Australsk solopgang (Australsk Sunrise) (Citrus × microcarpa x Citrus australasica)
    • Solopgang’s lime (Sunrise Lime) (Citrus × microcarpa x Citrus australasica)
  • Blod lime (Citrus australasica var. sanguinea x 'Ellendale Mandarin')
  • Brun Flod finger Microcitrus papuana lime (Brown River finger lime) (Citrus papuana) (Citrus wintersii)
  • Citrange, Carrizo citrange (Citrus × insitorum)
    • Citrange, Troyer citrange (Citrus × insitorum)
  • Hvid bjerg lime (Citrus garrawayi)
  • Kakadu lime eller Humpty Doo lime (Citrus gracilis)
  • Kakamadu eller New Guinea vild lime, Microcitrus papuana (Citrus warburgiana)
    • New Guinea vild lime, Microcitrus papuana (Citrus warburgiana)
    • Kakamadu (Citrus wakonai)
  • Lime kaviar rund
  • Lemonade citron, Lemonade lemon, Unlemon, Lemonade frugt, New Zealand lemonade (Citrus limon × reticulata)
  • New Zealand grapefrugt, Poorman, Poorman-appelsin (Citrus maksimum × Citrus reticulata × Citrus × tangelo)
  • Regnskovens perle (Rainforest Pearl) (Citrus australasica)
  • Russell River lime eller storbladet australsk vild lime (Citrus inodora)
    • Maidens australske vildkalk (Citrus maideniana) (C. inodora)
    • Maidens australske lime (C. inodora)
    • Russell River lime eller storbladet australsk vild lime (Microcitrus inodora)
  • Ørken lime eller australsk ørken lime (Australsk outback) (Citrus glauca)
    • Ørken lime (Outback Lime) (Citrus glauca)

Afrika[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

  • Afrikansk shaddock X trifoliate, (Shaddock X Rubidoux trifoliate

X Citroncirus spp.) (Rubidoux trifoliate)[23]

  • Dancy (Citrus reticulata)
  • Limonette de Marrakech (Citrus Limetta)
  • Marokkansk citron, Moroccan citron (Citrus medica)
  • Rhobs al-Arsa (Citrus limon (L.) (C. medica × C. ×aurantium)
    • Rhobs el Arsa (Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.) (C. medica × C. ×aurantium)

Amerika[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

  • Alemow, Colo, Yuma Ponderosa citron (Yuma Ponderosa lemon) (Citrus macrophylla) Wester X (Citrus celebica) Koord
  • Carrizo citrange
    • Afrikansk shaddock X trifoliate, (Shaddock X Rubidoux trifoliate X Citroncirus spp.) (Rubidoux trifoliate)
    • Benton citrange (X Citroncirus spp)
    • Goutoucheng sur-bitter appelsin (CRC 3929)
    • Goutoucheng sur-bitter appelsin (CRC 4004)
    • Hall grapefrugt X Rubidoux citrumelo trifoliate hybrid C-190 Citrumelo (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • C-32 citrange trifoliate hybrid (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • C-35 citrange (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Carrizo citrange trifoliate hybrid X Citroncirus sp. (Citrus sinensis 'Washington' sød appelsin X Poncirus trifoliata)
    • Citremon (cutting A) (CRC 1448) (Poncirus trifoliata x Citrus limon) (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Fraser Seville sur-bitter appelsin, australsk x (Citrus aurantium L.)
    • Rangpur lime x Troyer citrange hybrid (X Citroncirus spp)
    • X 639 (Cleopatra mandarin X Poncirus trifoliata) (X Citroncirus spp)
  • Carrizo citrange, C-35 citrange
    • Bitters C-22 citrandarin, Citrus sunki og (Swingle trifoliate, tre-foldet, tre-bladet appelsin) (X Citroncirus sp)
    • Carrizo citrange trifoliate hybrid (Citrus sinensis 'Washington' Sød appelsin X Poncirus trifoliata) (X Citroncirus sp)
    • Carpenter C-54 citrandarin (X Citroncirus sp)
    • Citradia hybrid (CRC 1436) (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Citradia hybrid (CRC 1437) (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Citradia hybrid (CRC 1438) (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Citranguma (S-302) (Citranguma = Citrange X Satsuma = X Citroncirus webberii X Citrus unshiu = (Poncirus trifoliata X Citrus sinensis) X Citrus unshiu) (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Citremon (cutting B) (CRC 1449) (Poncirus trifoliata x Citrus limon) (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Citrumelo (CRC 1452) (Poncirus trifoliata x Citrus paradisi) (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Citrumelo (CRC 3341) (Citrus paradisi 'Duncan' X Poncirus trifoliata) (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Citrumelo (CRC 3348) (Poncirus trifoliata x Citrus paradisi) (X Citroncirus spp.)
    • Citrumelo (CRC 3821) (Citrus paradisi 'Hall' x Poncirus trifoliata 'Rubidoux') (X Citroncirus sp.)
    • Cleopatra mandarin, Cleo, Chota, Billi Kichili (Citrus reshni hort. ex Tanaka)
    • Flyvende drage, Flying dragon CRC 3330A (Poncirus trifoliata (L.)
    • Flyvende drage Flying dragon trifoliate (CRC 3330B) (Poncirus trifoliata (L.)
    • Fraser Seville sur-bitter appelsin (Citrus aurantium L.)
    • Furr C-57 citrandarin (X Citroncirus sp.)
    • Grapefrugt seedling (CRC 343) (Citrus paradisi Macfadyen)
    • Goutoucheng sur-bitter appelsin (CRC 3929)
    • Goutoucheng sur-bitter appelsin (CRC 4004)
    • Glat flad Sevilla sur-bitter appelsin (Citrus aurantium L.)
    • Pomeroy trifoliate (Poncirus trifoliata (L.)
    • Rich 16-6 trifoliate (Poncirus trifoliata (L.)
    • Rubidoux trifoliate (Poncirus trifoliata (L.)
    • Rusk citrange (CRC 301) (Citrus sinensis 'Ruby' x Poncirus trifoliata) (X Citroncirus spp)
    • Rusk citrange (CRC 1441) (Citrus sinensis 'Ruby' x Poncirus trifoliata) (X Citroncirus spp)
    • Schaub rough lemon, Schaub Grov-ru citron (Citrus jambhiri Lush)
    • Små blade trebladede (Poncirus trifoliata (L.)
    • Standard sur-bitter appelsin (Citrus aurantium L)
    • Sun Chu Sha Kat mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco)
    • Swingle citrumelo trifoliate hybrid (CRC 3771) ('Duncan' grapefrugt x Poncirus trifoliata) (X Citroncirus spp)
    • Troyer citrange (Citrus sinensis 'Washington' sød appelsin X Poncirus trifoliata) (X Citroncirus sp)
    • US 119 (Duncan grapefrugt X trifoliate) X Succory sød appelsin) (X Citroncirus spp)
    • Zhuluan sur-bitter appelsin hybrid (CRC 3930)
    • Zhuluan sur-bitter appelsin hybrid (CRC 3981)
  • Citrangequat
    • Citrangequat 'Sinton' – Nagami kumquat (Fortunella margarita) x (Rusk citrange)
    • Citrangequat 'Telfair' – (Nagami kumquat x Willits citrange)
    • Citrangequat 'Thomasville' – mest almindelig citrangequat
  • Citrumelo, 'Duncan' grapefrugt (Citrus × paradisi) x trifoliate appelsin (Poncirus trifoliata), Poncirus trifoliata (Japansk bitter-sur appelsin) x Citrus × paradisi (grapefrugt), (Citrus paradisi Macfadyen) (Poncirus trifoliata (L.) (X Citroncirus spp.)
  • 'Encore' mandarin (King x Willowleaf 'Encore') (King × Willowleaf)
  • Fairchild mandarin (Klementin mandarin x Orlando tangelo)
  • Kalpi (Citrus × webberii)
  • Mexikansk citron, (Mexicanske citroner)
  • Mexikansk lime (Mexican lime) (Citrus ×aurantiifolia (C. medica × C. micrantha) (Citrus aurantifolia)
    • Gigant Key lime (Giant Key lime), (Nøglelimefrugter) (Citrus aurantifolia)
    • Key lime, (Nøglelimefrugter) (Citrus ×aurantiifolia (C. medica × C. micrantha) (Citrus aurantifolia)
    • Kirk lime (Citrus aurantifolia)
    • Ny Caledonia lime (New Caledonia lime) (Citrus aurantifolia)
    • Omani lime (Citrus ×aurantiifolia (C. medica × C. micrantha) (Citrus aurantifolia)
  • Ponkan (Citrus poonensis) (Citrus reticulata cv. 'Ponkan')
    • Ponkan (Tangerin) (Citrus poonensis) (Citrus reticulata cv. 'Ponkan')
  • Ponderosa citron (Ponderosa lemon) (Citrus × pyriformis)
    • "Yuma Ponderosa" citron-pomelo, ('Yuma Ponderosa' lemon-pomelo) (Citrus × pyriformis)
    • Yuma Ponderosa lemon pummelo, citron-pomelo hybrid, 1449 Citrumelo, Yuma Ponderosa Lemon, Yuma Ponderosa Citron, (C. maxima x (Citrus hybrid)
  • Trefoldet appelsin, tre-bladet appelsin (Citrus trifoliata)
    • Trefoldet appelsin, tre-bladet appelsin (Poncirus trifoliata)
  • Vangasay rough lemon, Grov-ru citron (Citrus macrophylla) (Citrus jambhiri Lush)
  • Vild lime (Citrus taksonomi)
    • Vild lime (Zanthoxylum fagara)

Caribien[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

  • Dominikansk appelsin
    • Dominikansk sur appelsin
    • Dominikansk sur appelsin
  • Dominikansk grapefrugt
    • Dominikansk sur grapefrugt
    • Dominikansk sød grapefrugt
  • Dominikansk gule drage, (Yellow Dragon) (Dragón Amarillo)
  • Dominikansk Kreolske citron, Kreolsk citron, (Kreolsk lemon, Kreolske lemon)
  • Dominikansk Kreolske, Kreolsk lime
  • Dominikansk mandarin
  • Dominikansk sød limetta, mousami, musami (C. limon 'Limetta') (Citrus medica) (Citrus × aurantium) Citrus limetta Risso (Citrus limetta) C. limetta
    • Dominikansk sød citron, mousami, musami (C. limon 'Limetta') Citrus limetta Risso (Citrus limetta) C. limetta
    • Dominikansk sød citron (Citrus limettioides)
    • Dominikansk sød citron (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
    • Dominikansk sød citron (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Dominikansk sød lime, mousami, musami (C. limon 'Limetta') Citrus limetta Risso (Citrus limetta) C. limetta
    • Dominikansk sød lime (Citrus limettioides)
    • Dominikansk sød lime (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Dominikansk sød lime (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
    • Dominikansk sød limetta (Citrus limettioides)
    • Dominikansk sød limetta (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Dominikansk sød limetta (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
    • Dominikansk sød limettioides (Citrus limetta)
    • Dominikansk sød limettioides (Citrus limettioides)
    • Dominikansk sød limettioides (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Dominikansk sød limettioides (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
  • Gule drage, (Yellow Dragon) (Dragón Amarillo)
  • Hermandina (Citrus reticulata cv. 'Hermandina')
  • Haitiansk appelsin
    • Haitiansk sur appelsin
    • Haitiansk sur appelsin
  • Haitiansk gule drage, (Yellow Dragon) (Dragón Amarillo)
  • Haitiansk grapefrugt
    • Haitiansk sur grapefrugt
    • Haitiansk sød grapefrugt
  • Haitiansk Kreolske citron, Kreolsk citron, (Kreolsk lemon, Kreolske lemon)
  • Haitiansk Kreolske lime, Kreolsk lime
  • Haitiansk mandarin
  • Haitiansk sød limetta, mousami, musami (C. limon 'Limetta') (Citrus medica) (Citrus × aurantium) Citrus limetta Risso (Citrus limetta) C. limetta
    • Haitiansk sød citron, mousami, musami (C. limon 'Limetta') Citrus limetta Risso (Citrus limetta) C. limetta
    • Haitiansk sød citron (Citrus limettioides)
    • Haitiansk sød citron (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
    • Haitiansk sød citron (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Haitiansk sød lime, mousami, musami (C. limon 'Limetta') Citrus limetta Risso (Citrus limetta) C. limetta
    • Haitiansk sød lime (Citrus limettioides)
    • Haitiansk sød lime (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Haitiansk sød lime (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
    • Haitiansk sød limetta (Citrus limettioides)
    • Haitiansk sød limetta (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Haitiansk sød limetta (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
    • Haitiansk sød limettioides (Citrus limetta)
    • Haitiansk sød limettioides (Citrus limettioides)
    • Haitiansk sød limettioides (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Haitiansk sød limettioides (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
  • Jamaicansk tangelo, ugli-frugt og uniq frugt (Citrus reticulata × paradisi)
    • Ugli (C. reticulata × C. paradisi)
    • Ugli (C. reticulata × C. maxima × C. ×paradisi)
    • Ugli (C. reticulata × C. ×paradisi)
    • Ugli (C. × paradisi × C. maxima)
    • Ugli (C. reticulata × C. maxima)
  • Kreolske citron, Kreolsk citron, (Kreolsk lemon, Kreolske lemon)
  • Kreolske Lime, Kreolsk lime
  • Laraha (Citrus × aurantium subsp. currassuviencis)
    • Curaçao appelsin (Citrus × aurantium subsp. currassuviencis)
    • Curaçao appelsin (Citrus aurantium var. currassuviencis)
    • Laraha (Citrus aurantium var. currassuviencis)
  • Orangelo, chironja (Citrus paradisi × Citrus sinensis)
  • Sød limetta, mousami, musami (C. limon 'Limetta') (Citrus medica) (Citrus × aurantium) Citrus limetta Risso (Citrus limetta) C. limetta
    • Sød citron, mousami, musami (C. limon 'Limetta') Citrus limetta Risso (Citrus limetta) C. limetta
    • Sød citron (Citrus limettioides)
    • Sød citron (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
    • Sød citron (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Sød lime, mousami, musami (C. limon 'Limetta') Citrus limetta Risso (Citrus limetta) C. limetta
    • Sød lime (Citrus limettioides)
    • Sød lime (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Sød lime (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
    • Sød limetta (Citrus limettioides)
    • Sød limetta (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Sød limetta (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')
    • Sød limettioides (Citrus limetta)
    • Sød limettioides (Citrus limettioides)
    • Sød limettioides (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lemon')
    • Sød limettioides (Citrus × limon, C. × limon 'Indian Lime')

Europa[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

  • Bizzaria, Firenzes Bizzaria, (Firenze Bizzaria) (Citrus medica + C. aurantium)
  • Blodappelsin, hindbær-appelsin, 'Moro' (Citrus × sinensis 'Blood orange') (Citrus ×sinensis) (Citrus × sinensis)
    • Blodappelsin, hindbær-appelsin, 'Sanguinello' (Citrus × sinensis 'Blood orange') (Citrus ×sinensis) (Citrus × sinensis)
    • Blodappelsin, hindbær-appelsin, 'Tarocco' (Citrus × sinensis 'Blood orange') (Citrus ×sinensis) (Citrus × sinensis)
  • Diamant citron (Citrus medica var. vulgaris) (Citrus medica)
    • Diamant citron (var. vulgaris Risso eller cedro di Calabria) (var. vulgaris Risso)
    • Diamant citron (var cedro di Calabria) (cedro di Calabria)
    • Diamant citron (Citrus medica var. vulgaris) eller (cv. diamante)
  • Florentinsk citron (Florentine citron) (Citrus × limonimedica 'Florentina') (Citrus × limonimedica)
    • Florentinsk citron (italiensk: cedrato di Firenze ) (Citrus × limonimedica 'Florentina' Lush) (Citrus × limonimedica Lush.)
  • Fernandina (Citrus ×limonimedica (sandsynligvis (C. medica × C. maxima) × C. medica)
  • Græsk citron (Citrus medica)
    • Balady citron (C. medica L. var. Balady)
    • (Balady citron (etrog) (C. medica L. var. Balady)
    • Etrog, Yanover esrog, Israelsk etrog (Citrus medica)
  • Gulba, Gulba frugt (Gulba fruit)
  • Korsikansk citron (Corsican citron)
  • Lumia, Lumiaen, pærecitronen, fransk lime, sød citron, (pear lemon) (Citrus lumia Risso. & Poit., eller Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm. et Panz.) Swingle var. lumia hort.) (Citrus × lumia 'pyriformis')
  • Middelhavsmandarin (Citrus × deliciosa) (Citrus deliciosa)
    • Middelhavsmandarin, (tornet (Australien), amarillo, beladi, pilebladsmandarin, citrushybridmandarinappelsin, Willow-blade (Willow Leaf) Citrus ×deliciosa (Citrus × deliciosa) (Citrus deliciosa)
  • Myrtebladede appelsintræ Citrus ×aurantium var. myrtifolia eller Citrus ×myrtifolia (Citrus myrtifolia)
    • Chinotto (Citrus x aurantium var. 'myrtifolia')
  • Pompia (Citrus medica tuberosa)
  • Ponkan (Citrus poonensis) (Citrus reticulata cv. 'Ponkan')
    • Ponkan (Tangerin) (Citrus poonensis) (Citrus reticulata cv. 'Ponkan')
  • Rhobs al-Arsa (Citrus limon (L.) (C. medica × C. ×aurantium)
    • Rhobs el Arsa (Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.) (C. medica × C. ×aurantium)
  • Volkamper lemon, Volkamper citron (Citrus limonia)
    • Volkamer lemon, Volkamper citron (Citrus volkameriana)
    • Volkamer lemon, Volkamper citron

Yuma Ponderosa lemon, Yuma Ponderosa citron, (♀ sur-bitter mandarin (C. reticulata) × ♂ citron (C. medica). (Citrus volkameriana × Citrus limonia)

  • Yemenitisk citron, etiopiske citron) (Yemenite citron) (Ethiopian citron) (Citrus medica)

Galleri med afledte hybridarter[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

Referencer[redigér | rediger kildetekst]

  1. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Taxonomy for Plants, Citrus-slægten
  2. ^ E. Nicolosi, Z.N. Deng, A. Gentile, S. La Malfa, G. Continella og E. Tribulato: "Citrus" phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers i Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 2000
  3. ^ Bayer, R.J., Mabberley, D.J., Morton, C., Miller, C.H., Sharma, I.K., Pfeil, B.E., Rich, S., Hitchcock, R., Sykes, S. (2009) A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 96: 668-85. doi: 10.3732/ajb.0800341.
  4. ^ a b Kalita, B., Roy, A., Annamalai, A., Lakshmi, P.T.V. (2021) A molecular perspective on the taxonomy and journey of Citrus domestication. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 53: 125644 doi: 10.1016/j.ppees.2021.125644.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Wu, G.A., Terol, J., Ibanez, V., Lopez-García, A., Perez-Román, E., Borredá, C., et al. (2018) Genomics of the origin and evolution of Citrus. Nature 554: 311–316. doi: 10.1038/nature25447
  6. ^ E. Nicolosi, Z.N. Deng, A. Gentile, S. La Malfa, G. Continella og E. Tribulato: "Citrus" phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers i Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 2000 + E. Freitas de Araújo. L. de Queiroz, L. Paganucci og M.A. Machado: What is "Citrus"? Taxonomic implications from a study of cp-DNA evolution in the tribe Citreae (Rutaceae subfamily Aurantioideae) i Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 2003
  7. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Genetic-Origin-of-the-Citrus-Accessions-Considered-in-This-Study-Maternal-and-paternal_fig1_329816118/amp
  8. ^ https://www.chandigarhayurvedcentre.com/blog/tangerine-kinnow/
  9. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Admixture-proportion-and-citrus-genealogy-a-Allelic-proportion-of-five-progenitor_fig2_322991573/amp
  10. ^ http://www.botanicalaccuracy.com/2014/06/the-species-names-of-citrus-sweet-sour.html?m=1
  11. ^ https://johnhawks.net/weblog/reviews/genomics/agricultural/citrus-fruits-origins-2018.html
  12. ^ https://blogs.reading.ac.uk/crg/adventbotany-2019-day-1-clementine-satsuma-tangerine-whats-the-difference/img-3_books-openedition-org_pcjb_docannexe_image_2169_img-3/
  13. ^ http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Citrus+deliciosa
  14. ^ https://citrusvariety.ucr.edu/citrus/kishu.html
  15. ^ Swingle, W.T., Reece, P.C. (1967) I: Reuther, E.W., Webber, H.J., Batchelor, L.D. (Eds.), The Citrus Industry. The Citrus Industry, pp. 190–430.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Curk, F., Ancillo, G., Ollitrault, F., Perrier, X., Jacquemoud-Collet, J.P., Garcia-Lor, A., et al. (2015) Nuclear species-diagnostic SNP markers mined from 454 amplicon sequencing reveal admixture genomic structure of modern Citrus varieties. PLoS One 10: 1–25. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0125628.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Curk, F., Ollitrault, F., Garcia-Lor, A., Luro, F., Navarro, L., Ollitrault, P. (2016) Phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons revealed by cytoplasmic and nuclear markers. Annals of Botany 117: 565–583. doi 10.1093/aob/mcw005
  18. ^ a b c Wu, G.A., Prochnik, S., Jenkins, J., Salse, J., Hellsten, U., Murat, F., et al. (2014) Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication. Nature Biotechnology 32: 656–662. doi: 10.1038/nbt.2906.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h Oueslati, A., Salhi-Hannachi, A., Luro, F., Vignes, H., Mournet, P., Ollitrault, P. (2017) Genotyping by sequencing reveals the interspecific C. maxima / C. reticulata admixture along the genomes of modern citrus varieties of mandarins, tangors, tangelos, orangelos and grapefruits. PLoS One 12: 1–22. doi: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0185618.
  20. ^ Garcia-Lor, A., Curk, F., Snoussi-Trifa, H., Morillon, R., Ancillo, G., Luro, F., et al. (2013) A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the “true citrus fruit trees” group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species. Annals of Botany 111: 1–19. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcs227.
  21. ^ Xu, Q., Chen, L.L., Ruan, X., Chen, D., Zhu, A., Chen, C., et al. (2013) The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). Nature Genetics 45: 59–66. https://doi.org/10.1038/ ng.2472
  22. ^ https://www.reddit.com/r/Infographics/comments/dtof06/the_five_ancestral_species_of_citrus_fruits/
  23. ^ https://citrusvariety.ucr.edu/citrus/rootstocks.html

Eksterne henvisninger[redigér | rediger kildetekst]