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Skabelon:Kilde nyheder

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Documentation icon Skabelondokumentation[vis] [rediger] [historik] [opfrisk]
Information icon.svg Denne skabelon indeholder en eller flere valgbare parametre.
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Denne skabelon bruges til at citere kilder på Wikipedia. Den er specialdesignet til citater fra nyhedskilder, fx aviser (herunder internetaviser) og magasiner.

Brug

Bemærk, ikke alle parametre fungerer. De parametre der er særskilt beskrevet nedenfor skulle dog virke.

Almindelig form med forfatter(e) i en enkel parameter

{{Kilde nyheder |title= |author= |url= |newspaper= |date= |accessdate=17 december 2017}}

Almindelig form med "first" og "last"

{{Kilde nyheder |title= |first= |last= |url= |newspaper= |date= |accessdate=17 december 2017}}

Mest brugte parametre

{{Kilde nyheder |title= |author= |first= |last= |authorlink= |authorlink2= |author2= |author3= |author4= |author5= |author6= |author7= |url= |format= |agency= |newspaper= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |issn= |oclc= |pmid= |pmc= |bibcode= |doi= |id= |date= |page= |pages= |at= |accessdate= |language= |trans_title= |quote= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |ref=}}
  • title er titlen. Den er sammen med "date" de eneste krævede parametre.
  • author: Forfatterens fulde navn
    • last virker sammen med first, hvilket skriver navnet som last, first, altså efternavn, fornavn.
    • coauthors er navnene på medforfattere. Denne parameter er forældet. Brug i stedet "author2", author3, osv (eller: first2, last2 og first3, last3 osv.)
  • url: Link til artiklen, hvis den findes online
    • format: Format, fx PDF. Angiv ikke hvis dokumenttypen er HTML (Det er standard).
      Skriv 'Gebyr' hvis det koster penge at læse artiklen.
      Skriv 'Genoptryk' hvis den fulde artikel ikke er tilgængelig fra originaludgiveren.
  • work: Hvis artiklen er udgivet som en del af et større værk (Fx en avis), angives navnet på denne.
  • publisher: Udgiver, hvis denne er angivet. Typisk unødvendig ved danske aviser og magasiner.
  • date: Publikationsdato. En krævet parameter.
  • pages overskriver page. Bruges til at angive sidetal. Bør kun indholde heltal, eventuelt et interval af heltal.
  • accessdate: Dato for besøg af siden.
  • language: sproget, som artiklen er skrevet på. Skal ikke angives, hvis sproget er dansk.


Engelske eksempler

Brug af "first" and "last" for forfatterens navn

{{Kilde nyheder |first=Cassandra |last=Jardine |title=The return of the secondary modern |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/3621779/The-return-of-the-secondary-modern.html |location = London |work=The Daily Telegraph |date=5 August 2004 }}

Ingen forfatter men link til nyhedsbureauet

{{Kilde nyheder |title=Drugs: Chips trader gets 15 years, 10 strokes |url=http://www.dailyexpress.com.my/news.cfm?NewsID=48660 |work=Daily Express |location=Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia |date=29 March 2007 |agency=Bernama }}

Brug af "authorlink" for at henvise til artikel om forfatteren på Wikipedia

{{Kilde nyheder |first=George |last=Monbiot |authorlink=George Monbiot |title=From toxic waste to toxic assets, the same people always get dumped on |url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/cif-green/2009/sep/21/global-fly-tipping-toxic-waste |work=The Guardian |location=London |date=22 September 2009 }}

Brug af |format= parameter når der henvises til andet end HTML. |location= parameter unødvendig fordi "New York" allerede er en del af avisens navn.

{{Kilde nyheder |work=The New York Times |title=State Prison Treatment |date=4 February 1883 |url=http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9503E3D71631E433A25757C0A9649C94629FD7CF |format=PDF }}:* "State Prison Treatment" (PDF). The New York Times. 4 February 1883. 

Brug af "page" for at referere til bestemte sider; bruges ikke til sider online

{{Kilde nyheder |first=Arthur |last=Reed |title=Four-rate plan in air-fare 'jungle' |page=3 |date=9 December 1976 |work=The Times |location = London }}
  • Reed, Arthur (9 December 1976). "Four-rate plan in air-fare 'jungle'". The Times (London): s. 3. 

En fremmedsproget nyhedskilde

{{Kilde nyheder |author=Joliet, François |title=Honni soit qui mal y pense |date=30 April 2005 |language=French |work=Le Figaro |location=Paris |trans_title=Shame on Those Who Think Evil }}
  • Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honni soit qui mal y pense" (på fransk). Le Figaro (Paris). 

Brug af "archiveurl" og "archivedate" til at referere til noget der er forsvundet fra avisens egen hjemmeside men findes arkiveret på nettet

{{Kilde nyheder |author=Achenbaum, Emily S. |title=Freedom lost, without a trial |work=The Charlotte Observer |url=http://www.charlotteobserver.com/109/story/47573.html |date=11 March 2007 |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070419112159/www.charlotteobserver.com/109/story/47573.html |archivedate=19 April 2007 }}

Hvis den URL der er givet ved parameteren "url" stadig skal benyttes til henvisningen, selvom "archiveurl"-parameteren er angivet, tilføj da også parameteren "deadurl=no"

Se også

Værktøjer

TemplateData

Dette er TemplateData-dokumentationen til denne skabelon, brugt af VisualEditor og andre værktøjer.

Kilde nyheder

This template formats a citation to a news article in print, video, audio or web using the provided source information (e.g. author, publication, date) and various formatting options.

Template parameters

This template has custom formatting.

Parameter Description Type Status
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

Default
empty
Example
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Source title title

The title of the article as it appears in the source; displays in quotes

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String required
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown suggested
First name firstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown suggested
Source date date

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Name of publication workjournalmagazineperiodicalnewspaper

Name of the newspaper, magazine or periodical; displays after title

Default
empty
Example
The Wall Street Journal
Auto value
empty
String suggested
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Publisher publisherdistributorinstitution

Name of the parent institution or company that publishes the newspaper, magazine, or periodical; displays after name of the publication

Default
empty
Example
News Corp
Auto value
empty
String optional
Agency agency

The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 2 last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 2 first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Others others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Month of publication month

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Editor last name editor-lasteditor-last1editor1-lasteditor-surnameeditor-surname1editor1-surnameeditoreditor1

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Editor first name editor-firsteditor-first1editor1-firsteditor-giveneditor-given1editor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Editor link editor-linkeditor-link1

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Issue issuenumber

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Department department

Department within the periodical

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Location of publication locationplace

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Place of publication publication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Publication date publication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Edition edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Volume volume

For one publication published in several volumes

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Page page

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Pages pages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Language language

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Type type

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
arXiv identifier arxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ASIN asin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
DOI doi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
DOI broken date doi-broken-datedoi_brokendatedoi-inactive-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ISBN isbnISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ISSN issnISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
JSTOR jstor

JSTOR identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
LCCN lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
MR mr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OCLC oclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OL ol

Open Library identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OSTI osti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
PMID pmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
id id

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Quote quote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Registration registration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subscription subscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 3 last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 3 first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 4 last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 4 first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 5 last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 5 first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 6 last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 6 first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 7 last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 7 first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 8 last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 8 first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 9 last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 9 first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Author mask author-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author name separator author-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as

Default
,
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author separator author-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as

Default
;
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number optional
Author link author-linkauthorlinkauthorlink1author-link1author1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 2 author-link2authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list)

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Lay URL lay-urllayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay date lay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author link 3 author-link3authorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 4 author-link4authorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 5 author-link5authorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 6 author-link6authorlink6author6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 7 author-link7authorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 8 author-link8authorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 9 author-link9authorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Last author ampersand last-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
via via

Identify the aggregator of the resource that provided the digital version (usually a database provider), when it differs from the publisher (e.g., for The Wikipedia Library)

Default
empty
Example
EBSCOHost , Proquest, Newspapers.com
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
}}