Bruger:Drlectin/sandkasse

Fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi
Jump to navigation Jump to search

SE HER[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Portal:Current_events [[1]]

Sci-hub [[2]]


MICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY ON LINE U of South Carolina [[3]]

Tree of Life [[4]]

Origins of the Eukarya [[5]]

Virtual Fossil Museum [[6]]

W[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Bruger:Drlectin/væsentligebidrag

Uddybende Uddybende artikel: SN 1572

Ref. ]</ref>[1]

Fed skrift ' {{IBrug}}

      Når transposonerne hopper ud og ind af generne kan de efterlade dele af deres DNA-sekvens eller tage et stykke af DNA-strengen med sig. Dette giver variation og dermed kan der ske evolution. 

Transposonernes centrale dele centromerene er afgørende for at kromosomerne bliver fordelt korrekt når cellen deler sig. Centromerene spiller en central roller under meiosen og mitosen. På samme måde spiller transposonernes yderste ender telomererne en vigtig rolle for at stabilisere kromosomerne og regulerer derved cellens levetid. Livet igennem bliver telomererne kortere, men når der dannes kønsceller bliver de lange igen. I dag forskes der i at forlænge telomererne, da dette måske vil kunne give en længere levetid.

blockquote[redigér | redigér wikikode]

“Verdens 8. superkontinent af plastic...”

Eller indrykning
af helt afsnit med fed overskrift.
Eller indrykning af helt afsnit uden fed overskrift.
fed overskrift
teksten rykkes ind
FED OVERSKRIFT
teksten rykkes ind

HENVIS TIL AFSNIT #[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Skabelon:See also

HENVIS TIL ANDET ORD / ANDET SPROG[redigér | redigér wikikode]

|

:en:Lectin|Lectin


Table[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Se Danskere smittet med svine-MRSA

År Verdens sukkersyge (anslået)
1980 108 mil
2003 194 mil
2015 422
2040 642

Den globale plastproduktion [2]

År Millioner ton
1950 2,3
1993 162
2015 448

SAMME REF[redigér | redigér wikikode]

[3] [3]


[4] [4]

Billeder[redigér | redigér wikikode]

ESA/Hubble billeder licensering [7]

Se også[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Eksterne henvisninger[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Eksterne links og henvisninger[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Eksterne links og henvisninger[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Medwiki[redigér | redigér wikikode]

er en dansk wiki oprettet for studerende inden for medicin, farmaci og naturvidenskab. Den kan bruges som et opslagsværk inden for medicinske og andre naturvidenskabelige emner. Medwiki indeholder 5.500 opslagsord (pr. maj 2016).[1] Derudover er der også "Lægelinks", der indeholder en oversigt over forskellige opslagsværker,[2] og link til "Lægeregler", der er en oversigt over love, vejledninger, bekendtgørelser og regler på sundhedsområdet.[3]


FYSIK[redigér | redigér wikikode]

|[[File:Brownianmotion5particles150frame.gif|400px|

KLIMA[redigér | redigér wikikode]

CCS = CO2 Capture and Storage http://videnskab.dk/teknologi-innovation/sensation-co2-kan-omdannes-til-kalksten-paa-rekordtid?

Vandstandsstigning ... Havspejsstigning[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Sea level rise

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/02/sea-levels-are-rising-their-fastest-rate-2000-years



RESISTENSPROBLEMER[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Hvor mange er smittet? I alt blev 2.965 fundet smittet med MRSA i 2014 – heraf var 1.277 smittet med husdyr-MRSA (43%). I 2013 blev der i alt fundet 2094 smittet med MRSA i 2013 – heraf var 643 smittet med husdyr-MRSA. http://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/forstaa-paa-minutter-hvad-er-mrsa

Se [8] Se [9]

Colistinresistens [10]

HERBICIDRESISTENS[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Bruger:Drlectin/sandkasse/Herbicidresistens

Nanoplastic[redigér | redigér wikikode]

http://www.b.dk/kronikker/to-superkontinenter-af-plastic

http://www.danskkemi-online.dk/2014/10/01/plastichavet/

http://ipaper.ipapercms.dk/TechMedia/DanskKemi/2014/10/?Page=8


VULKANER I TYRKIET[redigér | redigér wikikode]


HORMONER[redigér | redigér wikikode]

GLP-1 = glucagon-like peptide og GIP = gastric inhibitory polypeptide http://www.sci-news.com/biology/platypus-venom-treatment-type-2-diabetes-04414.html

DRUGS[redigér | redigér wikikode]

MDMA, Ecstasy or Molly

was invented by the pharmaceutical company Merck in 1912. Today, the drug is considered an illegal


http://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-discover-how-a-weird-sugar-in-leafy-greens-protects-your-gut-from-bad-bacteria

PROTEINER[redigér | redigér wikikode]

The seven transmembrane α-helix structure of a G protein-coupled receptor such as LHCGR, luteinizing Hormone/Choriogonadotropin Receptor

"The human protein atlas" beskriver 20 035 humane gener og genprodukter[1] her er nogle eksempler:

Prion, Prionsygdomme obs sammenskrivning

Type membranprotein Antal membranproteiner
>9TM protein 493
9TM protein 133
8TM protein 165

LIV[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Laboratory experiments confirm that trace amounts of molecular building blocks that make up proteins and information-storing molecules can indeed be created under these conditions. Deep-sea hydrothermal vents represent the only known environment that could have created complex organic molecules with the same kind of energy-harnessing machinery as modern cells http://www.sciencealert.com/were-scientists-wrong-about-the-origin-of-life-on-earth We need to rethink the origins of life on Earth, study suggests

Astrobiologists Find Ancient Fossils in Fireball Fragments. Cometary panspermia first proposed over thirty years ago by Fred Hoyle https://www.technologyreview.com/s/512381/astrobiologists-find-ancient-fossils-in-fireball-fragments/

Oldest living[redigér | redigér wikikode]

http://www.extremescience.com/oldest-living-thing.htm

LIV

LIV[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Life in the universe[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Jorden: The connection between plate tectonics, hydrothermal geochemistry and reduction of simple carbon and nitrogen compounds has shown to be very suitable for abiotic organic chemistry. The best location where such processes could occur would be at convergent margins during the early phases of subduction of oceanic plates.

Venus, with an average surface temperature of 500°C and a steamy atmosphere, is unable to sustain life at its surface. Mars, with an average surface temperature of −60°C and a thin toxic atmosphere, provides a hostile surface environment, but may harbour life in the subsurface.

Carbon, and molecules made from it, have already been observed in the early Universe. During cosmic time, many galaxies undergo intense periods of star formation, during which heavy elements like carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, silicon and iron are produced. Also, many complex molecules, from carbon monoxide to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, are detected in these systems, like they are for our own Galaxy. Interstellar molecular clouds and circumstellar envelopes are factories of complex molecular synthesis. A surprisingly high number of molecules that are used in contemporary biochemistry on the Earth are found in the interstellar medium, planetary atmospheres and surfaces, comets, asteroids and meteorites and interplanetary dust particles. Large quantities of extra-terrestrial material were delivered via comets and asteroids to young planetary surfaces during the heavy bombardment phase. Monitoring the formation and evolution of organic matter in space is crucial in order to determine the prebiotic reservoirs available to the early Earth. It is equally important to reveal abiotic routes to prebiotic molecules in the Earth environments. Materials from both carbon sources (extra-terrestrial and endogenous) may have contributed to biochemical pathways on the Earth leading to life’s origin. The research avenues discussed also guide us to extend our knowledge to other habitable worlds.

http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/369/1936/538

  • In interstellar ice mantles: H2O, CO2, CO and CH3OH, with smaller admixtures of CH4, NH3, H2CO and HCOOH
  • In Diffuse interstellar clouds: A variety of small molecules, including CO, CH, CN, OH, C2, C3 and others, are observed [41]. Gaseous PAHs are highly abundant. Carbonaceous grains composed of macromolecular aromatic networks
  • the protoplanetary disks of AA Tauri possess a rich molecular emission spectrum in the mid-infrared, indicating a high abundance of simple organic molecules (HCN, C2H2 and CO2)

PANSPERMIA[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Astrobiologists Find Ancient Fossils in Fireball Fragments. Algae-like structures inside a Sri Lankan meteorite are clear evidence of panspermia, the idea that life exists throughout the universe, say astrobiologists. March 11, 2013 https://www.technologyreview.com/s/512381/astrobiologists-find-ancient-fossils-in-fireball-fragments/

LIV PÅ JORDEN[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Multicellularitet http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/06/momentous-transition-multicellular-life-may-not-have-been-so-hard-after-all

ZIRCONER OG OVERBLIK årstal https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=WElamrp2yi0

FØRSTE LIV ABIOGENESE Tue Hassenkam forskningens døgn http://forsk.dk/indbakke/pa-sporet-af-det-forste-liv-pa-jorden

SØGEORD primordial soup’ organohalogens are likely to be a constituent of the so-called ‘primordial soup’, both on the young Earth and on nascent rocky cexoplanets.”http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/freon-40-protostars-comet-67p-churyumov-gerasimenko-05294.html

LIV I UNIVERSET[redigér | redigér wikikode]

JAGTEN PÅ LIV I UNIVERSET HC[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Kemiskegrundlag https://theconversation.com/exoplanets-how-we-used-chemistry-to-identify-the-worlds-most-likely-to-host-life-100897

Rio skala https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/jul/27/first-contact-or-false-alarm-richter-like-scale-for-alien-signals-seti-rio

Tabby’s star https://www.theguardian.com/science/across-the-universe/2018/jan/03/no-alien-megastructure-around-mysterious-tabbys-star-analysis-shows

Se enW sandbox

MARS[redigér | redigér wikikode]

subsurface lithoautotrophic microbial ecosystems, or SLiMEs https://www.sciencealert.com/mars-conditions-for-life-slimes-underground-water-radiolysis-chemosynthesis

Organiske molekyler på Mars 2018 http://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6393/1068.full https://www.sciencealert.com/nasa-confirms-seasonal-variation-mars-methane-emissions Organic matter preserved in 3-billion-year-old mudstones at Gale crater, Mars http://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6393/1096.full http://science.sciencemag.forg/content/360/6393/1054 Background levels of methane in Mars’ atmosphere show strong seasonal variations http://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6393/1093.full https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/12/141216144137.htm?

Europa[redigér | redigér wikikode]

F2018 https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/jun/27/ocean-spray-on-saturn-moon-contains-crucial-constituents-for-life?


The evolution of organic matter in space (2011) http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/369/1936/538 17 artikler http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/369/1936

SETI DISCUSSION When Will We Find Life Beyond Earth? https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Yaa5ExQTk6Y


NEWS[redigér | redigér wikikode]

http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/exoplanet-biosignatures-06136.html https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/may/14/europa-moon-of-jupiter-prime-candidate-for-alien-life-after-water-blast-found https://futurism.com/asgard-microbes-might-be-key-to-origin-of-complex-life/ https://futurism.com/new-fossil-evidences-suggests-life-may-have-originated-on-land-and-not-in-the-oceans/ https://futurism.com/scientists-claim-they-have-solved-the-mystery-of-how-the-first-animals-appeared-on-earth/ https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEplot/SEplot2001/SE2017Aug21T.GIF https://www.universetoday.com/138017/two-new-super-earths-discovered-around-red-dwarf-star/ http://www.sci-news.com/space/plate-tectonics-europa-05501.html

Ancient are on Mars billeder https://www.lpi.usra.edu/publications/slidesets/weeraewwsmarslife/marslife_index.shtml Wwwwaww Large Asteroid Florence Will Fly by Earth on September 1 https://cneos.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news198.html Sorte huller https://futurism.com/cosmic-census-there-could-be-100-million-black-holes-in-our-galaxy-alone/


The Fermi paradox[redigér | redigér wikikode]

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=sNhhvQGsMEc


Where are the aliens w/ Neil deGrasse Tyson NOVA Origins https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=kql-6z3mABs

What are the odds there is life in outer space - Richard Dawkins asks Neil Degrasse tyson Carl Sagan Origin of Life - How Life Started on Earth Neil deGrasse Tyson - Where are the aliens? Carl Sagan Forklarer Drakes ligning 34.30 min https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=5DgWOlqa-iQ We are star stuff https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=abp3q7aYOss evolution fra ca 45 min.

Where are the aliens? "Great Filter" hypothesis, Fermi paradox http://www.sciencealert.com/here-s-the-real-reason-why-we-still-haven-t-found-intelligent-life https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/vida_alien/alien_contact48.htm

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/jun/20/we-are-not-alone-nasa-telescope-finds-10-earth-like-planets https://www.theguardian.com/guardian-masterclasses/2017/mar/24/is-there-life-beyond-earth-masterclass-astronomy-space-planets-science-lecture-course-dr-stuart-clark

Simbad basic quarry http://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad/sim-fbasic

Nye fund Juni 2017 http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/gliese-625b-super-earth-04912.html

Video'er husk repetere: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=f6UvXFw1u9saZa http://videnskab.dk/naturvidenskab/nasa-chef-liv-i-rummet-kan-findes-paa-tre-maaner-og-en-planet https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=GyF9LLDL6-k https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=NnM4SaGc8R0 https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=BBao3D6sBto

What are the odds there is life in outer space - Richard Dawkinsasks Neil Degrasse tyson https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Uk0pRPIQBY4

Her https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pale_Blue_Dot Her Spiral galaxy https://www.eso.org/public/images/eso9845d/ Her http://28oa9i1t08037ue3m1l0i861.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Comparison1.png Her https://www.universetoday.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/heic1411a.jpg



LIV I SOLSYSTEMET[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Meteorer https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allan_Hills_84001SS https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murchison_meteorite

EXOPLANETER[redigér | redigér wikikode]

JORDLIGNENDE EXOPLANETER

https://www.futurity.org/exoplanets-spin-dynamics-seasons-1798452-2/?

EXOPLANETER

FOMALHAUT http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/alma-image-fomalhauts-debris-disk-04874.html


https://www.ted.com/playlists/82/are_we_alone_in_the_universe James Green https://www.ted.com/talks/james_green_3_moons_and_a_planet_that_could_have_alien_life#t-329782 Sara Seager https://www.ted.com/talks/sara_seager_the_search_for_planets_beyond_our_solar_system https://www.ted.com/talks/jeremy_kasdin_the_flower_shaped_starshade_that_might_help_us_detect_earth_like_planets https://www.ted.com/talks/garik_israelian_what_s_inside_a_star

W v Habitable exoplanets https://pics-about-space.com/kepler-186-system-star-map-location?p=2#

LHS1140b https://phys.org/news/2017-04-newly-exoplanet-candidate-life.html Newfound Alien Planet Is Best Place Yet to Search for Life. Space.com 2017

TRAPPIST-1 TRAPPIST-1: System with 7 Earth-Size Exoplanets. Space.com 2017

Kepler-186f, Gliese 581g, Gliese 667Cc, Kepler-22b, HD 40307g, HD 85512b, Tau Ceti e, Gliese 163c, Gliese 581d, Tau Ceti 10 Exoplanets That Could Host Alien Life. Space com 2014S

- [ ]

UNIVERSET[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Biggest Ring Around Saturn Just Got Supersized Biggest Ring Around Saturn Just Got Supersized. Livescience

CME = coronal mass ejection[redigér | redigér wikikode]

The worst CME event in recent history struck in 1989, frying a transformer in New Jersey and leaving 6 million people in Quebec province in Canada without power. The largest one on record—the Carrington Event of 1859. http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/07/here-s-how-world-could-end-and-what-we-can-do-about-it

meteoritnedslag[redigér | redigér wikikode]

http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/erthboom.htm?platform=hootsuite


http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/03/scientists-gear-drill-ground-zero-impact-killed-dinosaurs Scientists gear up to drill into ‘ground zero’ of the impact that killed the dinosaurs. Science 2016

EXOPLANETER[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Tabby's star. Not Aliens, But "Megastructure Star" Keeps Getting Stranger. KIC http://www.iflscience.com/space/not-aliens-but-megastructure-star-keeps-getting-stranger/

LIV I UNIVERSET[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Vand som opløsningsmiddel http://phys.org/news/2005-05-solvent-choice.html

Laboratory experiments confirm that trace amounts of molecular building blocks that make up proteins and information-storing molecules can indeed be created under these conditions. Deep-sea hydrothermal vents represent the only known environment that could have created complex organic molecules with the same kind of energy-harnessing machinery as modern cells http://www.sciencealert.com/were-scientists-wrong-about-the-origin-of-life-on-earth We need to rethink the origins of life on Earth, study suggests

Astrobiologists Find Ancient Fossils in Fireball Fragments. Cometary panspermia first proposed over thirty years ago by Fred Hoyle https://www.technologyreview.com/s/512381/astrobiologists-find-ancient-fossils-in-fireball-fragments/


Favorable environments for prebiotic chemistry.

IR SPECTROMETER. Dawn’s Visible and InfraRed Mapping Spectrometer show a clear detection of an organic absorption feature at 3.4 micrometers on dwarf planet Ceres. http://www.sci-news.com/space/organic-compounds-ceres-04628.html

MOLEKYLER, COMS, LIFE INGREDIENTS=ORGANICS I UNIVERSET[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Dværgplaneter[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Månen[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Organic matter on the Earth’s Moon - se Citing articles: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703714001628

Meteoritter[redigér | redigér wikikode]

OBS Murchison-meteoritten

Kometer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

16 organic compounds were identified, divided into six classes of organic molecules (alcohols, carbonyls, amines, nitriles, amides and isocyanates). Of these, four organic compounds were detected for the first time on a comet (methyl isocyanate, acetone, propionaldehyde and acetamide). http://www.sci-news.com/space/science-philae-organic-compounds-comet-67pchuryumov-gerasimenko-03082.html

Life ingredients in Rosetta’s comet http://earthsky.org/space/life-ingredients-in-rosettas-comet GLYCIN OG PRECURSORS

- http://www.sciencealert.com/philae-found-organic-molecules-in-its-60-hours-on-a-comet

Asteroider[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Asteroid impacts may have formed life’s building blocks: http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2014/12/asteroid-impacts-may-have-formed-life-s-building-blocks

http://sci.esa.int/herschel/46653-hifi-spectrum-of-the-orion-nebula/

http://www.sci-news.com/space/organic-compounds-ceres-04628.html

https://www.eso.org/public/news/eso1513/ Complex Organic Molecules Discovered in Infant Star System. Hints that the building blocks of the chemistry of life are universal, ESO 2015

Exoplaneter[redigér | redigér wikikode]

HD 209458b, a hot, gaseous giant planet bigger than Jupiter that orbits a sun-like star about 150 light years away in the constellation Pegasus. water, methane and carbon dioxide. HD 189733b hot, Jupiter-size planet, CO2. http://www.spacearchive.info/news-2009-10-20-jpl.htm

Galaktiske stjerner-stjernetåger- interstellar dust[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Ethanol, dimethyl ether and methyl formate, ethyl formate, carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, and ammonia, methanol i G34.3 afstand 10.000 ly http://www.nytimes.com/1995/05/30/science/alcohol-laden-cloud-holds-the-story-of-a-star.html http://mentalfloss.com/article/51271/there-are-giant-clouds-alcohol-floating-space

Glycolaldehyd: http://videnskab.dk/miljo-naturvidenskab/livsvigtigt-molekyle-fundet-i-beboelige-zoner-i-rummet

COMs = Complex organic molecules... form on the surfaces of interstellar dust grains and in icy grain mantles http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0004-637X/788/1/68/meta;jsessionid=6D553E1F4AD80B84BB5E12030EC7769B.c5.iopscience.cld.iop.org COMPLEX ORGANIC MOLECULES DURING LOW-MASS STAR FORMATION: PILOT SURVEY RESULTS. CH3CN, HCOOCH3, CH3OCH3, and CH3CHO.

Chiral Propylenoxid http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/06/first-mirror-image-molecule-spotted-interstellar-space

Circulating nearby star, key ingredients in the chemical precursors for life: hydrogen cyanide (HCN), methyl cyanide (CH3CN), and cyanoacetylene (HC3N) http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/04/organic-molecules-found-circling-nearby-star

VAND i UNIVERSET[redigér | redigér wikikode]

http://phys.org/news/2011-02-vapor-space.html http://phys.org/news/2009-12-earth-like-planets-born.html#nRlv

  • Vand på vores solsystems planter:

http://www.sciencealert.com/these-ocean-worlds-reveal-just-how-little-water-we-have-on-earth

Merkur - Permanently shadowed craters near Mercury’s poles have temperatures less than -280F (-173C), and water ice is stable on their dark inner surfaces. Some of the polar ice is covered by a mysterious dark organic material that researchers still do not understand.

Mars -Gammel Mars-meteorit NWA 4034 indeholder 10% mere vand http://videnskab.dk/node/4807 Masser af vand på Mars http://videnskab.dk/naturvidenskab/nasa-finder-enormt-isdepot-paa-mars

  • Vand på vores solsystems dværgplaneter og asteroider:

Sedna https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/90377_Sedna

Ceres http://news.sciencemag.org/space/2015/12/dwarf-planet-ceres-may-harbor-clouds-water-ice? http://www.sci-news.com/space/organic-compounds-ceres-04628.html

Vand i meteoritter fra asteroider ligner vand på Jorden http://www.space.com/27991-rosetta-comet-water-earth-implications.html

  • Vand på vores solsystems måner:

Europa http://www.sciencealert.com/hubble-may-have-caught-jets-of-water-squirting-out-of-a-potentially-habitable-moon?perpetual=yes&limitstart=1 Månen

Charon http://www.sci-news.com/space/charon-subsurface-water-ocean-03645.html

Enceladus http://earthsky.org/space/does-enceladus-support-life-7-key-facts

Ganymedes http://www.space.com/24685-ganymede-photos-largest-jupiter-moon.html

  • Vand på Kometer

67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko http://www.space.com/27991-rosetta-comet-water-earth-implications.html

http://tech.mit.edu/V118/N19/dorion.19w.html

JOSEBA ESKUBI[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Slangegift.[2]

Neurotoxiner[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Evolution af neurohormoner til neurotoxiner [11]

Teixobactin[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Teixobactin

Alpha laterotoxin[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Black widow

Giftige svampe. Patienthåndbogen</ref>

TARMFLORA[redigér | redigér wikikode]

The right gut microbes help infants grow http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/02/right-gut-microbes-help-infants-grow

FÆKAL TRANSPLANTATION[redigér | redigér wikikode]

http://www.sciencealert.com/your-gut-bacteria-determines-which-diets-will-actually-make-you-lose-weight/

Tarmfloraens typiske eksempler[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Tarmfloraen består af mange forskellige arter, og ved analyser er der identificeret ca. 2000 arter, hvoraf et menneske har ca. 500 forskellige arter. Nogle af tarmfloraens typiske eksempler er

Enterobakterier:

Hos småbørn:

I maven:

Gærsvamp:

Enterotyper[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Menneskets tarmflora kan stort set inddeles i tre enterotyper[3][4]

Type 1 er udpræget hos vesterlændinge der spiser meget protein og dyrisk fedt, hvorimod Type 3 er udpræget hos mennesker der spiser fiberrig kost med kulhydrater.[5]

Enterotyper kan have betydning for en persons sygdomsrisiko eller respons overfor antibiotika og andre farmaka[6]

USA borgerrettigheder[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Freddie Gray

Michael Brown

Eric Garner

Tamir Rice

[Trayvon Martin] [jordan Davis]

[[12]]

HIV[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Only 1 Person Has Been Cured of HIV: New Study Suggests Why. Livescience]</ref>


Thapsigargin[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Thapsigargin inhibits Ca2+-transporting ATPase mediated uptake of calcium ions into sarcoplasmic reticulum.

Kemikere overgår naturen Dyreforsøg har vist, at plantestoffet thapsigargin kan anvendes til udvikling af medicin mod prostatakræft. Nu er det lykkedes at syntetisere et stof, som slår kræftceller ihjel ti gange mere effektivt end naturstoffet. Af Søren Brøgger Christensen, Helmer Søhoel og Tommy Liljefors. Fra Lægemiddelforskning 2005 Udgangspunktet for vor kemiske bedrift er naturstoffet thapsigargin, som er en meget kraftig hæmmer af en intracellulær calciumpumpe (SERCA). Når pumpen hæmmes, kan cellen ikke opretholde calciumbalancen og må dø. [13]

  1. ^ The human protein atlas
  2. ^ Danske forskere forbedrer slangemodgift. Videnskab.dk 2017
  3. ^ Gut-Bacteria Mapping Finds Three Global Varieties. Wiredscience
  4. ^ Coghlan, Andy (20 April 2011). "Each human has one of only three gut ecosystems". New Scientist. Hentet 21 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Wu GD, Chen J, Hoffmann C, Bittinger K, Chen YY, Keilbaugh SA, Bewtra M, Knights D, Walters WA, Knight R, Sinha R, Gilroy E, Gupta K, Baldassano R, Nessel L, Li H, Bushman FD, Lewis JD (October 7, 2011). "Linking long-term dietary patterns with gut microbial enterotypes". Science 334 (6052): 105–8. doi:10.1126/science.1208344. PMID 21885731. 
  6. ^ Gut microbial 'enterotypes' become less clear-cut. Communities of gut bacteria may form a spectrum rather than falling into distinct groups. Nature 2012