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The Dark Side of the Moon
Studiealbum af Pink Floyd
Indspillet juni-januar 1973
Abbey Road Studios, London
Udgivet 10. marts 1973
Genre Progressiv rock
Længde 42:59
Udgiver Harvest / Capitol
Producer Pink Floyd
 Professionelle anmeldelser 
Pink Floyd-kronologi
← Forrige
Obscured by Clouds
(1972)
The Dark Side of the Moon
(1973)
Næste
Wish You Were Here
(1975) →
Singler fra The Dark Side of the Moon
  1. "Money"
    Udsendt: 7. maj 1973
  2. "Time / Us and Them"
    Udsendt: 4. februar 1974

The Dark Side of the Moon er det sjette studiealbum af den engelske progressive rock gruppe Pink Floyd, og blev udgivet i marts 1973. Konceptalbummet bygger på ideer bandet fik under deres liveshows og tidligere indspilninger, men den mangler den udvidede instrumentale udflugt, der karakteriserede deres værk efter det grundlæggende medlem, hovedkomponisten, og sangskriveren Syd Barrett forlod bandet i 1968. The Dark Side of the Moons temaer omhandler konflikt, grådighed, tidens gang og psykisk sygdom, hvoraf det sidstnævnte delvist er inspireret af Barretts forværrende psykiske tilstand.

Albummet blev udformet som en del af en forestående turné med liveshows, og havde premiere adskillige måneder før studieindspilningen overhovedet begyndte. Det nye materiale blev finpudset under turnéen og blev indspillet i to omgange; først i 1972 og sidenhen i 1973 ved Abbey Road Studios i London. Bandet brugte nogle af de mest avancerede indspilningsteknikker fra den tid, heriblandt flersporet indspilning og looping. Parallelle synthesizere blev brugt på adskillige spor, og en række optagede interviews med administrationen og bandets personale udgav en bunke filosofiske citater, der blev brugt på albummet. Ingeniøren Alan Parsons var direkte ansvarlig for en del af de mest bemærkelsesværdige lyde på albummet, heriblandt Clare Torrys vokal, der blev sunget uden ord.

The Dark Side of the Moon blev en øjeblikkelig success, og toppede Billboard 200 en hel uge. Derefter blev den på hitlisten i 741 uger fra 1973 til 1988, længere end noget andet album i historien. Med omkring 45 millioner kopier solgt, er det Pink Floyds mest kommercielt succesfulde album og et af de bedst sælgende albums verden over. Det er to gange blevet remastered og genudsendt, og er blevet spillet af mange andre kunstnere. Det gav anldning til to singler, "Money" og "Us and Them". Foruden at være den største kommercielle succes, er Dark Side of the Moon et af Pink Floyds mest populære albums blandt fans og kritikere, og er ofte regnet for at være et af de bedste rockalbums nogensinde.

Baggrund[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Efter udgivelsen af Meddle i 1971 samlede bandet sig til en kommende turné i Storbritannien, Japan og USA. Under øvningen i Broadhurst Gardens i London skabtes udsigterne til et nyt album, selvom deres højeste prioritet på det tidspunkt var at skrive nyt materiale.[10] Ved et bandmøde hjemme hos trommeslageren Nick Mason i Camden, foreslog bassisten Roger Waters, at et nyt album kunne tage form under turnéen. Waters' idé var at albummet skulle handle om ting der "gør folk rasende", med fokus på det pres bandet oplevede forsaget af deres vanskelige livsstil, og omhandler tydeligt det tidligere bandmedlem Syd Barrets psykiske tilstand.[11][12] Bandet havde fundet på noget lignende da de lavede The Man and the Journey i 1969. Guitaristen David Gilmour sagde for nyligt i et interview fra Rolling Stone "… Jeg tror vi alle mente - og Roger mente helt sikkert - at mange af teksterne vi havde brugt var lidt for indirekte. Der var bestemt en følelse af at ordene ville blive meget tydelige og bestemte."[13]

Alle fire medlemmer var generelt enige om at Waters' ide om et album samlet af et enkelt tema var en god ide.[13] Waters, den vigtigste sangskriver, Gilmour, Mason og keyboardspilleren Richard Wright deltog i sangskrivningen og produktionen af det nye materiale, og Waters lavede de tidlige demo-spor i sit hjem i Islington, hvor han havde bygget et lille indspilningsstudie i hans haveskur.[14] Dele af det nye album var taget fra tidligere ubrugte materialer; den første sætning i "Breathe" kom fra et tidligere værk af Waters og Ron Geesin, skrevet på soundtracket til The Body,[15] og den grundlæggende struktur af "Us and Them" var taget fra et stykke Wright oprindeligt havde komponeret til filmen Zabriskie Point.[16] Bandet øvede i et varehus i London ejet af The Rolling Stones, og senere på Rainbow Theatre. De købte også ekstra grej, hveriblandt nye højtalere, et PA system, en 28-sporet mixer med 4 kvadrofoniske udgange, og specialbygget belysningsudstyr. 3 tons udstyr blev transporteret i 3 lastvogne; dette var første gang bandet havde taget et helt album med på turné, men det ville gøre dem i stand til at forfine og forbedre det nye materiale,[17][18] som på dette tidspunkt var blevet givet den midlertidige titel The Dark Side of the Moon (an allusion to luncy, rater than astronomy).[19] Da de opdagede at titlen allerede var blevet brugt af et andet band, Medicine Head, blev den midlertidigt ændret til Eclipse. Det nye materiale havde premiere ved The Dome i Brighton, den 20. januar 1972,[20] og efter Medicine Heads kommercielle fiasko af deres album, blev titlen ændret tilbage til bandets oprindelige forkærlighed.[21][22][nb 1]

Rainbow Theatre i London

Dark Side of the Moon: A Piece for Assorted Lunatics, som det tidligere var kendt som, blev spillet over for en samlet presse den 17. februar 1972 – mere end et år før den endelige udgivelse – på Rainbow Theatre, og fik kritisk ros. Michael Wale fra The Times beskrev stykket som "… fik tårer til at bryde frem. Det var fuldstændig forståeligt og musikalsk afhørende."[23] Derek Jewell fra The Sunday Times skrev: "Pink Floyds kunstneriske hensigts mål er nu stort."[21] Melody Maker var dog mindre entusiastisk: "Musisk set var der nogle gode idéer, men lydeffekterne fik mig tit til at tænke på om jeg var i et fuglebur i London zoo."[24] Den efterfølgende turné blev rost af publikummet. Det nye materiale blev spillet live, i selv samme rækkefølge som det senere ville blive indspillet, men der var tydelige forskelle mellem liveudgaven og den indspillede udgave, der blev udgivet et år senere, heriblandt manglen på synthesizere på numre som "On the Run" og bibellæsninger, der senere blev erstattet af Clare Torrys sang uden ord på "The Great Gig in the Sky".[25]

The band's lengthy tour through Europe and North America gave them the opportunity to make continual improvements to the scale and quality of their performances.[26] Studio sessions were squeezed between tour dates; rehearsals began in England on 20 January 1972, but in late February the band travelled to France and recorded music for French director Barbet Schroeder's film, La Vallée.[27][nb 2] They then performed in Japan and returned to France in March to complete work on the film. After a series of dates in North America, the band flew to London to begin recording the album, from 24 May to 25 June. More concerts in Europe and North America followed before the band again returned on 9 January 1973 to complete work on the album.[28][29][30]

Concept[redigér | redigér wikikode]

The Dark Side of the Moon built upon experiments Pink Floyd had attempted in their previous live shows and recordings, but lacks the extended instrumental excursions which, according to critic David Fricke, had become characteristic of the band after founding member Syd Barrett left in 1968. Guitarist David Gilmour, Barrett's replacement, later referred to those instrumentals as "that psychedelic noodling stuff",[16] and with Waters cited 1971's Meddle as a turning-point towards what would be realised on the album.[16] The Dark Side of the Moon's lyrical themes include conflict, greed, the passage of time, death, and mental illness (or "insanity"), the latter inspired in part by Barrett's deteriorating mental state; he had been the band's principal composer and lyricist.[16] The album is notable for its use of musique concrète and conceptual, philosophical lyrics, as found in much of the band's other work.

Each side of the album is a continuous piece of music. The five tracks on each side reflect various stages of human life, beginning and ending with a fading heartbeat, exploring the nature of the human experience, and (according to Waters) "empathy".[16] "Speak to Me" and "Breathe" together stress the mundane and futile elements of life that accompany the ever-present threat of madness, and the importance of living one's own life—"Don't be afraid to care".[31] By shifting the scene to an airport, the synthesiser-driven instrumental "On the Run" evokes the stress and anxiety of modern travel, in particular Wright's fear of flying.[32] "Time" examines the manner in which its passage can control one's life and offers a stark warning to those who remain focussed on mundane aspects; it is followed by a retreat into solitude and withdrawal in "Breathe (Reprise)". The first side of the album ends with Wright and vocalist Clare Torry's soulful metaphor for death, "The Great Gig in the Sky". Opening with the sound of cash registers and loose change, the first track on side two, "Money", mocks greed and consumerism using tongue-in-cheek lyrics and cash-related sound effects ("Money" has been the most commercially successful track from the album, with several cover versions produced by other bands).[33] "Us and Them" addresses the isolation of the depressed with the symbology of conflict and the use of simple dichotomies to describe personal relationships. "Brain Damage" looks at a mental illness resulting from the elevation of fame and success above the needs of the self; in particular, the line "and if the band you're in starts playing different tunes" reflects the mental breakdown of former band-mate Syd Barrett. The album ends with "Eclipse", which espouses the concepts of alterity and unity, while forcing the listener to recognise the common traits shared by humanity.[34][35]

Recording[redigér | redigér wikikode]

A flight of stone steps leads from an asphalt car park up to the main entrance of a white two-story building. The ground floor has two sash windows, the first floor has three shorter sash windows. Two more windows are visible at basement level. The decorative stonework around the doors and windows is painted grey.
The main entrance to Abbey Road Studios

The album was recorded at Abbey Road Studios, in two sessions, between May 1972 and January 1973. The band were assigned staff engineer Alan Parsons, who had previously worked as assistant tape operator on Atom Heart Mother, and who had also gained experience as a recording engineer on The Beatles' Abbey Road and Let It Be.[36][37] The recording sessions made use of the most advanced studio techniques of the time; the studio was capable of 16-track mixes, which offered a greater degree of flexibility than the eight- or four-track mixes they had previously used, although the band often used so many tracks that to make more space available second-generation copies were made.[38]

Beginning on 1 June, the first track to be recorded was "Us and Them", followed six days later by "Money". Waters had created effects loops from recordings of various money-related objects, including coins thrown into a food-mixing bowl taken from his wife's pottery studio, and these were later re-recorded to take advantage of the band's decision to record a quadraphonic mix of the album (Parsons has since expressed dissatisfaction with the result of this mix, attributed to a lack of time and the paucity of available multi-track tape recorders).[37] "Time" and "The Great Gig in the Sky" were the next pieces to be recorded, followed by a two-month break, during which the band spent time with their families and prepared for an upcoming tour of the US.[39] The recording sessions suffered regular interruptions; Waters, a supporter of Arsenal F.C., would often break to see his team compete, and the band would occasionally stop work to watch Monty Python's Flying Circus on the television, leaving Parsons to work on material recorded up to that point.[38] Gilmour has, however, disputed this claim; in an interview in 2003 he said: "We would sometimes watch them but when we were on a roll, we would get on."[40][41]

A portable L-shaped brown wooden case with a silver metal fascia filled with buttons and controls is positioned on a wooden work surface. The controls for the device are mostly rotary, and denoted with lettering and numbering. The lower part of the box contains a small matrix of holes and a joystick. Other pieces of electrical equipment are visible behind the device.
The EMS VCS 3 (Putney) synthesiser

Returning from the US in January 1973, they recorded "Brain Damage", "Eclipse", "Any Colour You Like" and "On the Run", while fine-tuning the work they had already laid down in the previous sessions. A foursome of female vocalists was assembled to sing on "Brain Damage", "Eclipse" and "Time", and saxophonist Dick Parry was booked to play on "Us and Them" and "Money". With director Adrian Maben, the band also filmed studio footage for Pink Floyd: Live at Pompeii.[42] Once the recording sessions were complete, the band began a tour of Europe.[43]

Instrumentation[redigér | redigér wikikode]

The album is particularly notable for the metronomic sound effects during "Speak to Me", and the tape loops that open "Money". Mason created a rough version of "Speak to Me" at his home, before completing it in the studio. The track serves as an introduction and contains cross-fades of elements from other pieces on the album. A piano chord, replayed backwards, serves to augment the build-up of effects, which are immediately followed by the opening of "Breathe". Mason received a rare solo composing credit for "Speak to Me".[nb 3][44][45] The sound effects on "Money" were created by splicing together Waters' recordings of clinking coins, tearing paper, a ringing cash register, and a clicking adding machine, which were used to create a 7-beat effects loop (later adapted to four tracks in order to create a "walk around the room" effect in quadraphonic presentations of the album).[46] At times the degree of sonic experimentation on the album required the engineers and band to operate the mixing console's faders simultaneously, in order to mix down the intricately assembled multitrack recordings of several of the songs (particularly "On the Run").[16]

Along with the conventional rock band instrumentation, Pink Floyd added prominent synthesisers to their sound. For example, the band experimented with an EMS VCS 3 on "Brain Damage" and "Any Colour You Like", and a Synthi A on "Time" and "On the Run". They also devised and recorded unconventional sounds, such as an assistant engineer running around the studio's echo chamber (during "On the Run"),[47] and a specially treated bass drum made to simulate a human heartbeat (during "Speak to Me", "On the Run", "Time", and "Eclipse"). This heartbeat is most prominent as the intro and the outro to the album, but it can also be heard sporadically on "Time", and "On the Run".[16] The assorted clocks ticking then chiming simultaneously at the start of "Time", accompanied by a series of Rototoms, were initially created as a quadraphonic test by Parsons.[44] The engineer recorded each timepiece at an antique clock shop, and although his recordings had not been created specifically for the album, elements of the material were eventually used in the track.[48] Skabelon:Listen

Voices[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Several tracks, including "Us and Them" and "Time", are notable for demonstrating Richard Wright and David Gilmour's ability to harmonise their voices. In the 2003 documentary The Making of The Dark Side of the Moon, Waters attributed this to the fact that their voices both sound extremely similar. To take advantage of this, Parsons perfected the use of studio techniques such as the doubletracking of vocals and guitars, which allowed Gilmour to harmonise with himself. Parsons also made prominent use of flanging and phase shifting effects on vocals and instruments, odd trickery with reverb,[16] and the panning of sounds between channels (most notable in the quadraphonic mix of "On the Run", when the sound of the Hammond B3 organ played through a Leslie speaker rapidly swirls around the listener).[49]

The album's credits include Clare Torry, a session singer and songwriter, and a regular at Abbey Road. She had worked on pop material and numerous cover albums, and after hearing one of those albums Parsons invited her to the studio to sing on "The Great Gig in the Sky". She declined this invitation as she wanted to watch Chuck Berry perform at the Hammersmith Odeon, but arranged to come in on the following Sunday. The band explained the concept behind the album, but were unable to tell her exactly what she should do. Gilmour was in charge of the session, and in a few short takes on a Sunday night Torry improvised a wordless melody to accompany Richard Wright's emotive piano solo. She was initially embarrassed by her exuberance in the recording booth, and wanted to apologise to the band—only to find them delighted with her performance.[50][51] Her takes were then selectively edited to produce the version used on the track.[13] For her contribution she was paid £30, equivalent to about £Skabelon:Formatprice as of 2019,[50][52] but in 2004 she sued EMI and Pink Floyd for song writing royalties, arguing that she co-wrote "The Great Gig in the Sky" with keyboardist Richard Wright. The High Court agreed with her, but the terms of the settlement were not disclosed.[53][54] All post-2005 pressings which include "The Great Gig in the Sky" therefore credit both Wright and Torry for the song.[55]

A middle-aged woman stands on a path amidst green vegetation, under bright sunlight. She wears a black T-shirt with a white logo, and holds a small piece of black card which carries the same logo. She has blue jeans, and white shoes. Her hair is cut short. She is looking slightly upward, over the head of the photographer.
Clare Torry in 2003

Snippets of voices between and over the music are another notable feature of the album. During recording sessions, Waters recruited both the staff and the temporary occupants of the studio to answer a series of questions printed on flashcards. The interviewees were placed in front of a microphone in a darkened studio three,[56] and shown such questions as "What's your favourite colour?" and "What's your favourite food?", before moving on to themes more central to the album (such as madness, violence, and death). Questions such as "When was the last time you were violent?", followed immediately by "Were you in the right?", were answered in the order they were presented, provoking some surprising responses.[16] Roger "The Hat" Manifold proved difficult to find, and was the only contributor recorded in a conventional sit-down interview, as by then the flashcards had been mislaid. Waters asked him about a violent encounter he'd had with another motorist, and Manifold replied "... give 'em a quick, short, sharp shock ..." When asked about death he responded "live for today, gone tomorrow, that's me ..."[57] Another roadie, Chris Adamson, who was on tour with Pink Floyd, recorded the explicit diatribe which opens the album: "I've been mad for fucking years—absolutely years".[58] The band's road manager Peter Watts (father of actress Naomi Watts)[59] contributed the repeated laughter during "Brain Damage" and "Speak to Me", and his second wife Patricia 'Puddie' Watts (now Patricia Gleason) was responsible for the monologue about "geezers" who were "cruisin' for a bruisinSkabelon:'", and the line "I'm not afraid of dying".[nb 4] Perhaps the most notable responses "And I am not frightened of dying, any time will do, I don't mind. Why should I be frightened of dying, there's no reason for it, you've got to go some time" (during "The Great Gig in the Sky") and closing words "there is no dark side in the moon, really. As a matter of fact it's all dark" (over the "Eclipse" heartbeats) came from the studios' Irish doorman, Gerry O'Driscoll.[60] Paul and Linda McCartney were also interviewed, but their answers were judged to be too measured, and were not included on the album.[61] McCartney's band mate Henry McCullough contributed the famous line "I don't know, I was really drunk at the time" (during the segue between "Money" and "Us and Them").[62]

Completion[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Following the completion of the dialogue sessions, producer Chris Thomas was hired to provide "a fresh pair of ears". Thomas's background was in music, rather than engineering. He had worked with Beatles producer George Martin, and was acquainted with Pink Floyd's manager Steve O'Rourke.[63] All four members of the band were engaged in a disagreement over the style of the mix, with Waters and Mason preferring a "dry" and "clean" mix which made more use of the non-musical elements, and Gilmour and Wright preferring a subtler and more "echoey" mix.[64] Thomas later claimed there were no such disagreements, stating "There was no difference in opinion between them, I don't remember Roger once saying that he wanted less echo. In fact, there were never any hints that they were later going to fall out. It was a very creative atmosphere. A lot of fun."[65] Although the truth remains unclear, Thomas' intervention resulted in a welcome compromise between Waters and Gilmour, leaving both entirely satisfied with the end product. Thomas was responsible for significant changes to the album, including the perfect timing of the echo used on "Us and Them". He was also present for the recording of "The Great Gig in the Sky" (although Parsons was responsible for hiring Torry).[66] Interviewed in 2006, when asked if he felt his goals had been accomplished in the studio, Waters said:

When the record was finished I took a reel-to-reel copy home with me and I remember playing it for my wife then, and I remember her bursting into tears when it was finished. And I thought, "This has obviously struck a chord somewhere", and I was kinda pleased by that. You know when you've done something, certainly if you create a piece of music, you then hear it with fresh ears when you play it for somebody else. And at that point I thought to myself, "Wow, this is a pretty complete piece of work", and I had every confidence that people would respond to it.[67]

Packaging[redigér | redigér wikikode]

It felt like the whole band were working together. It was a creative time. We were all very open.

–Richard Wright[68]

The album was originally released in a gatefold LP sleeve designed by Hipgnosis and George Hardie, and bore Hardie's iconic dispersive prism on the cover. Hipgnosis had designed several of the band's previous albums, with controversial results; EMI had reacted with confusion when faced with the cover designs for Atom Heart Mother and Obscured by Clouds, as they had expected to see traditional designs which included lettering and words. Designers Storm Thorgerson and Aubrey Powell were able to ignore such criticism as they were employed by the band. For The Dark Side of the Moon Richard Wright instructed them to come up with something "smarter, neater—more classy".[69] The prism design was inspired by a photograph that Thorgerson had seen during a brainstorming session with Powell. The artwork was created by their associate, George Hardie. Hipgnosis offered the band a choice of seven designs, but all four members agreed that the prism was by far the best. The design represents three elements; the band's stage lighting, the album lyrics, and Richard Wright's request for a "simple and bold" design.[16] The spectrum of light continues through to the gatefold—an idea that Waters came up with.[70] Added shortly afterwards, the gatefold design also includes a visual representation of the heartbeat sound used throughout the album, and the back of the album cover contains Thorgerson's suggestion of another prism recombining the spectrum of light, facilitating interesting layouts of the sleeve in record shops.[71] The light band emanating from the prism on the album cover has six colours, missing indigo compared to the traditional division of the spectrum into red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. (An actual prism would exhibit a continuous spectrum with no defined boundaries between colours, and coloured light within the prism.) Inside the sleeve were two posters and a sheet of pyramid-themed stickers. One poster bore pictures of the band in concert, overlaid with scattered letters to form PINK FLOYD, and the other an infrared photograph of the Great Pyramids of Giza, created by Powell and Thorgerson.[71]

In 2003 VH1 declared that The Dark Side of the Moon had the fourth-greatest album cover of all time,[72] and in 2009 listeners of the UK radio station Planet Rock voted the packaging the greatest album cover of all time.[73]

Since the departure of founding member Barrett in 1968, the burden of lyrical composition had fallen mostly on Waters' shoulders.[17] He is therefore credited as the author of the album's lyrics, making The Dark Side of the Moon the first of five consecutive Pink Floyd albums with lyrics credited only to him.[74][nb 5] The band were so confident of the quality of the writing that, for the first time, they felt able to print them on the album's sleeve.[17] When in 2003 he was asked if his input on the album was "organising [the] ideas and frameworks" and David Gilmour's was "the music", Waters replied:

That's crap. There's no question that Dave needs a vehicle to bring out the best of his guitar playing. And he is a great guitar player. But the idea which he's tried to propagate over the years that he's somehow more musical than I am is absolute fucking nonsense. It's an absurd notion but people seem quite happy to believe it.[12][nb 6] 

Release[redigér | redigér wikikode]

A monochrome image of members of the band. The photograph is taken from a distance, and is bisected horizontally by the forward edge of the stage. Each band member and his equipment is illuminated from above by bright spotlights, also visible. A long-haired man holds a guitar and sings into a microphone on the left of the image. Central, another man is seated behind a large drumkit. Two men on the right of the image hold a saxophone or a bass guitar and appear to be looking in each other's general direction. In the foreground, silhouetted, are the heads of the audience.
A live performance The Dark Side of the Moon at Earls Court, shortly after its release in 1973.
(l-r) David Gilmour, Nick Mason, Dick Parry, Roger Waters

As the quadrophonic mix of the album was not yet complete, the band (with the exception of Wright) boycotted the press reception held at the London Planetarium on 27 February.[75] The guests were, instead, presented with a quartet of life-sized cardboard cut-outs of the band, and the stereo mix of the album was presented through a poor-quality public address system.[76][77] Generally however, the press were enthusiastic; Melody Maker's Roy Hollingworth described side one as "... so utterly confused with itself it was difficult to follow", but praised side two, writing: "The songs, the sounds, the rhythms were solid and sound, Saxophone hit the air, the band rocked and rolled, and then gushed and tripped away into the night."[78] Steve Peacock of Sounds wrote: "I don't care if you've never heard a note of the Pink Floyd's music in your life, I'd unreservedly recommend everyone to The Dark Side of the Moon".[76] In his 1973 review for Rolling Stone magazine, Lloyd Grossman declared Dark Side "a fine album with a textural and conceptual richness that not only invites, but demands involvement".[8]

The Dark Side of the Moon was released first in the US on 10 March 1973, and then in the UK on 24 March. It became an instant chart success in Britain and throughout Western Europe;[76] by the following month, it had gained a gold disc in the UK and US.[79] Throughout March 1973 the band played the album as part of their US tour, including a midnight performance at Radio City Music Hall in New York on 17 March, watched by an audience of 6,000. Highlights included an aircraft launched from the back of the hall at the end of "On the Run", which 'crashed' into the stage in a cloud of orange smoke. The album reached the Billboard album chart number one spot on 28 April 1973,[nb 7][80] and was so successful that the band returned two months later for another tour.[81]

Label[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Much of the album's early State-side success is attributed to the efforts of Pink Floyd's US record company, Capitol Records. Newly appointed chairman Bhaskar Menon set about trying to reverse the relatively poor sales of the band's 1971 studio album Meddle. Meanwhile, disenchanted with Capitol, the band and manager O'Rourke had been quietly negotiating a new contract with CBS president Clive Davis, on Columbia Records. The Dark Side of the Moon was the last album that Pink Floyd were obliged to release before formally signing a new contract. Menon's enthusiasm for the new album was such that he began a huge promotional advertising campaign, which included radio-friendly truncated versions of "Us and Them" and "Time".[82] In some countries—notably the UK—Pink Floyd had not released a single since 1968's "Point Me at the Sky", and unusually "Money" was released as a single on 7 May,[75] with "Any Colour You Like" on the B-side. It reached number 13 on the Billboard Hot 100 in July 1973.[nb 8][83] A two-sided white label promotional version of the single, with mono and stereo mixes, was sent to radio stations. The mono side had the word "bullshit" removed from the song—leaving "bull" in its place—however, the stereo side retained the uncensored version. This was subsequently withdrawn; the replacement was sent to radio stations with a note advising disc jockeys to dispose of the first uncensored copy.[84] On 4 February 1974, a double A-side single was released with "Time" on one side, and "Us and Them" on the opposite side.[nb 9][85] Menon's efforts to secure a contract renewal with Pink Floyd were in vain however; at the beginning of 1974, the band signed for Columbia with a reported advance fee of $1M (in Britain and Europe they continued to be represented by Harvest Records).[86]

Sales[redigér | redigér wikikode]

The Dark Side of the Moon became one of the best-selling albums of all time,[87] (not counting compilations and various artists soundtracks), and is in the top 25 of a list of best selling albums in the United States.[55][88] Although it held the number one spot in the US for only a week, it remained in the Billboard 200 for 741 weeks.[89] The album re-appeared on the Billboard charts with the introduction of the Top Pop Catalog Albums chart in May 1991, and has been a perennial feature since then.[90] In the UK it is the sixth-best-selling album of all time.[91]

... I think that when it was finished, everyone thought it was the best thing we'd ever done to date, and everyone was very pleased with it, but there's no way that anyone felt it was five times as good as Meddle, or eight times as good as Atom Heart Mother, or the sort of figures that it has in fact sold. It was ... not only about being a good album but also about being in the right place at the right time.

–Nick Mason[77]

In the US the LP was released before the introduction of platinum awards on 1 January 1976. It therefore held only a gold disc until 16 February 1990, when it was certified 11× platinum. On 4 June 1998 the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) certified the album 15× platinum,[55] denoting sales of fifteen million in the United States—making it their biggest-selling work there (The Wall is 23× platinum, but as a double album this signifies sales of 11.5 million).[92] "Money" has sold well as a single, and as with "Time", remains a radio favourite; in the US, for the year ending 20 April 2005, "Time" was played on 13,723 occasions, and "Money" on 13,731 occasions.[nb 10] Industry sources suggest that worldwide sales of the album total about 45 million.[93] "On a slow week" between 8,000 and 9,000 copies are sold,[87] and a total of 400,000 were sold in 2002, making it the 200th-best-selling album of that year—nearly three decades after its initial release. According to a 2 August 2006 Wall Street Journal article, although the album was released in 1973, it has sold 7.7 million copies since 1991 in the US alone.[94] To this day, it occupies a prominent spot on Billboard's Pop Catalogue Chart. It reached number one when the 2003 hybrid CD/SACD edition was released and sold 800,000 copies in the US.[55] On the week of 5 May 2006 The Dark Side of the Moon achieved a combined total of 1,500 weeks on the Billboard 200 and Pop Catalogue charts.[67] One in every fourteen people in the US under the age of 50 is estimated to own, or to have owned, a copy.[55]

Reissues and remastering[redigér | redigér wikikode]

In 1979 The Dark Side of the Moon was released as a remastered LP by Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab,[95] and in April 1988 on their "Ultradisc" gold CD format.[96]  The album was released by EMI on the then-new compact disc format in 1984, and eight years later it was re-released as a remastered CD in the box set Shine On.[97]  This version was re-released as a 20th-anniversary box set edition with postcards the following year.  Cover design was by Storm Thorgerson, designer of the original 1973 cover.[98]  Some have suggested that on later CD pressings a faintly audible orchestral version of The Beatles's "Ticket to Ride" can be heard after "Eclipse", over the album's closing heartbeats.  This may have been the consequence of a remastering error,[55] and is not audible on the original vinyl.

The original quadraphonic mix,[nb 11] though commissioned by EMI, was never endorsed by the band,[37] but to celebrate the album's 30th anniversary an updated surround version was released in 2003. Some surprise was expressed when the band elected not to use Parson's quadraphonic mix (done shortly after the original release), and instead chose to have their current engineer James Guthrie create a new 5.1 channel surround sound mix on the SACD format.[37][99] Guthrie has worked with the band since co-producing and engineering their 1979 release, The Wall, and had previously worked on surround versions of The Wall for DVD-video, and Waters's In the Flesh for SACD. Speaking in 2003, Alan Parsons expressed some disappointment with Guthrie's SACD mix, suggesting that Guthrie was "possibly a little too true to the original mix", but was generally complimentary to the release.[37]

Referring to "On the Run", Parsons said: "After hearing his mix for a while, I think I'm hearing stereo with a bit of surround." He praised the mix for other songs, particularly "The Great Gig in the Sky": "I tip my hat to James for sorting out the correct bits of Clare's vocals. And he has improved on the stereo mix, which is a bit wishy-washy. The stereo is heavy on the Hammond organ, and Clare's a little too far down. In my quad mix, the Hammond is barely there, which shows you I really wasn't being faithful to the stereo mix. The quad sounds pretty good, but James still has the edge. His mix is definitely cleaner, and he's brought Clare out a bit more."[100] This 30th-anniversary edition won four Surround Music Awards in 2003,[101] and has since sold more than 800,000 copies.[102] The cover image was created by a team of designers that again included Storm Thorgerson. The image is a photograph of a custom-made stained glass window, built to match the exact dimensions and proportions of the original prism design. Transparent glass, held in place by strips of lead, was used in place of the opaque colours of the original. The idea is derived from the "sense of purity in the sound quality, being 5.1 surround sound ..." The image was created out of a desire to be "the same but different, such that the design was clearly DSoM, still the recognisable prism design, but was different and hence new".[98]

The Dark Side of the Moon was also re-released in 2003 on 180-gram virgin vinyl (mastered by Kevin Gray at AcousTech Mastering) and included slightly different versions of the original posters and stickers that came with the original vinyl release, along with a new 30th anniversary poster.[103] In 2007 the album was included in Oh, by the Way, a box set celebrating the 40th anniversary of Pink Floyd,[104] and a DRM-free version was released on iTunes.[102]

Legacy[redigér | redigér wikikode]

The success of the album brought previously unknown wealth to all four members of the band; Richard Wright and Roger Waters bought large country houses, and Nick Mason became a collector of upmarket cars.[105] Some of the profits were invested in the production of Monty Python and the Holy Grail.[106]

Engineer Alan Parsons received a Grammy Award for "best engineered album" for The Dark Side of the Moon in 1973[107] and went on to have a successful career as a recording artist. Although Waters and Gilmour have on occasion downplayed his contribution to the success of the album, Mason has praised his role.[108] In 2003 Parsons reflected: "I think they all felt that I managed to hang the rest of my career on Dark Side of the Moon, which has an element of truth to it. But I still wake up occasionally, frustrated about the fact that they made untold millions and a lot of the people involved in the record didn't."[41][nb 12]

It's changed me in many ways, because it's brought in a lot of money, and one feels very secure when you can sell an album for two years. But it hasn't changed my attitude to music. Even though it was so successful, it was made in the same way as all our other albums, and the only criterion we have about releasing music is whether we like it or not. It was not a deliberate attempt to make a commercial album. It just happened that way. We knew it had a lot more melody than previous Floyd albums, and there was a concept that ran all through it. The music was easier to absorb and having girls singing away added a commercial touch that none of our records had.

–Richard Wright[110]

The Dark Side of the Moon regularly appears on rankings of the greatest albums of all-time. In 1987 Rolling Stone listed the record 35th on its list of the "top 100 albums of the last 20 years",[111] and sixteen years later the album polled in 43rd position on the magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.[112] In 2006 it was voted "My Favourite Album" by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's audience.[113] NME readers voted the album eighth in their 2006 "Best album of all time" online poll,[114] and in 2009 Planet Rock listeners voted the album the "greatest of all time".[115] The album is also number two on the Definitive 200 Albums of All Time, a list made by the National Association of Recording Merchandisers "in celebration of the art form of the record album".[116] It came 29th in The Observer's 2006 list of "The 50 albums that changed music",[117] and 37th in The Guardian's 1997 list of the "100 best albums ever", as voted for by a panel of artists and music critics.[118]

Part of the enduring legacy of The Dark Side of the Moon is in its influence on modern music, the musicians who have performed cover versions of its songs, and even in modern urban myths. Its release is often seen as a symbolic point in the history of rock music, and comparisons are sometimes drawn between Pink Floyd and Radiohead—specifically their 1997 album OK Computer—which has been called The Dark Side of the Moon for the 1990s whereby the two albums share a common theme: the loss of a creative individual's ability to function in the modern world.[119][120][121]

Covers, tributes and samples[redigér | redigér wikikode]

One of the more notable covers of The Dark Side of the Moon is Return to the Dark Side of the Moon: A Tribute to Pink Floyd. Released in 2006, the album is a progressive rock tribute featuring artists such as Adrian Belew, Tommy Shaw, Dweezil Zappa, and Rick Wakeman.[122] In 2000 The Squirrels released The Not So Bright Side of the Moon, which features a cover of the entire album.[123] The New York dub collective Easy Star All Stars in 2003 released Dub Side of the Moon.[124] The group Voices on The Dark Side released the album Dark Side Of The Moon A Cappella, a complete a cappella version of the album.[125] The bluegrass band Poor Man's Whiskey frequently play the album in bluegrass style, calling the suite Dark Side of the Moonshine.[126] A string quartet version of the album was released in 2004.[127] In 2009 The Flaming Lips released a track-by-track remake of the album in collaboration with Stardeath and White Dwarfs, and featuring Henry Rollins and Peaches as guest musicians.[128]

Several notable acts have covered the album live in its entirety, and a range of performers have used samples from The Dark Side of the Moon in their own material. Jam-rock band Phish performed a semi-improvised version of the entire album as part their show on 2 November 1998 in West Valley City, Utah.[129] Progressive metal band Dream Theater have several times covered the album in their live shows.[130] Milli Vanilli used the tape loops from Pink Floyd's "Money" to open their track "Money", followed by Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch on Music for the People.[131]

Dark Side of the Rainbow[redigér | redigér wikikode]

The Dark Side of the Rainbow, or The Dark Side of Oz, are two names commonly used in reference to rumours circulated on the Internet since at least 1994, that the Dark Side of the Moon was written as a soundtrack for the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. Observers playing the film and the album simultaneously have reported apparent synchronicities, such as Dorothy beginning to jog as the band sings "no one told you when to run".[132] David Gilmour and Nick Mason have both denied a connection between the two works, and Roger Waters has described the rumours as "amusing".[133] Alan Parsons has stated that the film was not mentioned during production of the album.[134]

Spor[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Alt tekst skrevet af Roger Waters. 

Side 1
# TitelMusikLead vokal Længde
1. "Speak to Me"  MasonInstrumental 1:30
2. "Breathe"  Waters, Gilmour, WrightGilmour 2:43
3. "On the Run"  Gilmour, WatersInstrumental 3:30
4. "Time" (indeholder "Breathe (Reprise)")Mason, Waters, Wright, GilmourGilmour and Wright 6:53
5. "The Great Gig in the Sky"  Wright, Clare Torry[nb 13]Clare Torry 4:15
Side 2
# TitelMusikLead vokal Længde
1. "Money"  WatersGilmour 6:30
2. "Us and Them"  Waters, WrightGilmour and Wright 7:34
3. "Any Colour You Like"  Gilmour, Mason, WrightInstrumental 3:24
4. "Brain Damage"  WatersWaters 3:50
5. "Eclipse"  WatersWaters 1:45

Personale[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Pink Floyd
Yderligere musikere
  • Dick Parry – saxofon på "Money" og "Us and Them"
  • Clare Torry – vokal på "The Great Gig in the Sky", baggrundsvokal
  • Lesley Duncan – baggrundsvokal
  • Barry St. John – baggrundsvokal
  • Liza Strike – baggrundsvokal
  • Doris Troy – baggrundsvokal
Produktion
  • Alan Parsons – ingeniørarbejde
  • Peter James – assisterende ingeniørarbejde ("Peter Jones" blev skrevet som en fejl i navngivningen på de første eksemplarer af LP'en i USA)
  • Chris Thomas – mixing konsulent
  • George Hardie – illustrationer, pladeomslag
  • Hipgnosis – design, fotografering
  • Jill Furmanovsky – fotografering
  • James Guthrie – remastering og tilsynsførende på 20-års og 30-års udgaverne, 5.1 mixing på 30-års udgaven
  • Doug Sax – remastering 20-års og 30-års udgaverne
  • David Sinclair – albumnoter på CD-genudgivelsen
  • Storm Thorgerson – design på 20-års og 30-års udgaverne
  • Drew Vogel – illustrationer og fotografering ved CD-genudgivelsen

Chart performance[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Hitliste Placering Kilde
UK Albums Chart 2 [136]
U.S. Billboard 200 1 [136]
Australsk album hitliste 11 [137]
Belgisk album hitliste (flamsk) 42 [137]
Belgisk album hitliste (vallonsk) 28 [137]
Canadisk album hitliste 1 RPM
Finsk album hitliste 10 [137]
Fransk album hitliste 94 [137]
Italiensk album hitliste 2 [137]
Hollandsk album hitliste 30 [137]
New Zealand album hitliste 1 [137]
Norsk album hitliste 2 [137]

Selected album sales[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Land Certificering Salg Sidste certificeringsdato Kommentar Kilde(r)
Argentina 4× Platin 240,000+ 1. august 1994 [138]
Australien 11× Platin 770,000+ [139]
Østrig 2× Platin 60,000+ 15. maj 2003 [140]
Canada 2× Diamant 2,000,000+ March 2003 [141]
Tyskland 2× Platin 1,000,000+ 1993 [142]
Polen Platin 100,000+ 2003 [143]
Storbritannien 9× Platin 3,956,177 (14. juni 2009) 15. april 2005 6. bedst-sælgende album i UK [144][145]
USA RIAA 15× Platin 15,000,000+ 6. april 1998 11x Platinum in 1990 [146]
USA Soundscan 8,360,000+ Siden februar 2007 [147]

Referencer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Noter
  1. ^ "På et tidspunkt hed det Eclipse fordi Medicine Head lavede et album der hed Dark Side of the Moon. Men det solgte ikke så godt, så hvad fanden. Jeg var imod Eclipse og vi var irriterede fordi vi allerede havde fundet på titlen før Medicine Head kom frem. Ikke irriterede på dem, men fordi vi ville benytte titlen."—David Gilmour[22]
  2. ^ This material was later released under the title Obscured by Clouds.[25]
  3. ^ Mason was responsible for most of the sound effects used on Pink Floyd's discography.
  4. ^ See the notes at "The Great Gig in the Sky"
  5. ^ The sleeve notes for Wish You Were Here, Animals, and The Wall credit Roger Waters as sole lyricist. The Final Cut is considered to be a de facto Waters album.
  6. ^ Gilmour's comments on this matter may be found on page 7 of John Harris' book.
  7. ^ Povey (2007) claims the album reached number one on 28 March. Harris (2006) gives the date 28 April and includes a list of chart positions in that month, and so this is the source used for this date.
  8. ^ Harvest / Capitol 3609
  9. ^ Harvest / Capitol 3832
  10. ^ According to Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems[87]
  11. ^ Harvest Q4SHVL-804
  12. ^ Alan Parsons was paid a weekly wage of £35 while working on the original album.[109]
  13. ^ Alle oplæg efter 2005, heriblandt "The Great Gig in the Sky" krediterer både Wright og Torry for sangen, som resultat af hendes succesfulde retssag.[135]
Fodnoter
  1. ^ Stephen Thomas, Erlewine, Anmeldelse: The Dark Side of the Moon, allmusic.com, hentet 2010-04-03. 
  2. ^ Twist, Carlo, Dark Side of the Moon – Blender, blender.com, hentet 2010-04-03. 
  3. ^ Davis, Johnny (1994–10), The Dark Side of the Moon anmeldelse, Q, s. 137.  Tjek datoværdier i |date= (hjælp)
  4. ^ Dark Side Of The Moon anmeldelse, tower.com, Maj 2003, hentet 2010-04-03.  Tjek datoværdier i |date= (hjælp)
  5. ^ Dark Side Of The Moon anmeldelse, tower.com, 1993-03-20, s. 33, hentet 2010-04-03. 
  6. ^ Sutcliffe, Phil (1998–03), The Dark Side of the Moon retrospektiv anmeldelse, Mojo, s. 98.  Tjek datoværdier i |date= (hjælp)
  7. ^ Chris, Jones (2002-11-20), Anmeldelse af Pink Floyds – Dark Side Of The Moon, bbc.co.uk, hentet 2010-04-03. 
  8. ^ a b Grossman, Lloyd (1973-05-24), Dark Side Of The Moon anmeldelse, rollingstone.com, hentet 2010-04-03. 
  9. ^ Christgau, Robert (1973), Consumer Guide Album, robertchristgau.com, hentet 2010-04-03. 
  10. ^ Harris 2006, s. 71–72
  11. ^ Mason 2005, s. 165
  12. ^ a b Harris, John (2003-03-12), 'Dark Side' at 30: Roger Waters, rollingstone.com, hentet 2009-02-18. 
  13. ^ a b c Harris, John (2003-03-12), 'Dark Side' at 30: David Gilmour, rollingstone.com, hentet 2009-02-18. 
  14. ^ Mason 2005, s. 166
  15. ^ Harris 2006, s. 73–74
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Classic Albums: The Making of The Dark Side of the Moon (DVD), Eagle Rock Entertainment, 2003-08-26. 
  17. ^ a b c Mason 2005, s. 167
  18. ^ Harris 2006, s. 85–86
  19. ^ Schaffner 1991, s. 159
  20. ^ Reising 2005, s. 28
  21. ^ a b Schaffner 1991, s. 162
  22. ^ a b Povey 2007, s. 154
  23. ^ Wale, Michael (1972-02-18), Pink Floyd — The Rainbow, Issue 58405; col F, The Times, s. 10, hentet 2009-03-21. 
  24. ^ Harris 2006, s. 91–93
  25. ^ a b Fodnotefejl: Ugyldigt <ref>-tag; ingen tekst er angivet for referencer med navnet Poveyp155
  26. ^ Povey 2007, s. 159
  27. ^ Mason 2005, s. 168
  28. ^ Schaffner 1991, s. 157
  29. ^ Povey 2007, s. 164–173
  30. ^ Reising 2005, s. 60
  31. ^ Whiteley 1992, s. 105–106
  32. ^ Harris 2006, s. 78–79
  33. ^ Whiteley 1992, s. 111
  34. ^ Reising 2005, s. 181–184
  35. ^ Whiteley 1992, s. 116
  36. ^ Mason 2005, s. 171
  37. ^ a b c d e Richardson, Ken (2003–05), Another Phase of the Moon page 1, soundandvisionmag.com, hentet 2009-03-19.  Tjek datoværdier i |date= (hjælp)
  38. ^ a b Harris 2006, s. 101–102
  39. ^ Harris 2006, s. 103–108
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  41. ^ a b Harris, John (2003-03-12), 'Dark Side' at 30: Alan Parsons, rollingstone.com, hentet 2009-02-18. 
  42. ^ Schaffner 1991, s. 158
  43. ^ Harris 2006, s. 109–114
  44. ^ a b Schaffner 1991, s. 164
  45. ^ Mason 2005, s. 172
  46. ^ Harris 2006, s. 104–105
  47. ^ Harris 2006, s. 118–120
  48. ^ Mason 2005, s. 173
  49. ^ Povey 2005, s. 161
  50. ^ a b Blake 2008, s. 198–199
  51. ^ Mason 2005, s. 174
  52. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  53. ^ Seventies Singer, freelanceuk.com, 2005-04-14, hentet 2009-01-23. 
  54. ^ Blake 2008, s. 208
  55. ^ a b c d e f Povey 2007, s. 345
  56. ^ Mason 2005, s. 175
  57. ^ Schaffner 1991, s. 165
  58. ^ Harris 2006, s. 133
  59. ^ Sams, Christine (2004-02-23), How Naomi told her mum about Oscar, smh.com.au, hentet 2009-03-17. 
  60. ^ Harris 2006, s. 127–134
  61. ^ Mark Blake (2008-10-28), 10 things you probably didn't know about Pink Floyd, entertainment.timesonline.co.uk, hentet 2009-03-17. 
  62. ^ Price, Stephen (2006-08-27), Rock: Henry McCullough, entertainment.timesonline.co.uk, hentet 2009-03-16. 
  63. ^ Mason 2005, s. 177
  64. ^ Mason 2005, s. 178
  65. ^ Harris 2006, s. 135
  66. ^ Harris 2006, s. 134–140
  67. ^ a b Waddell, Ray (2006-05-05), Roger Waters Revisits The 'Dark Side', billboard.com, hentet 2009-08-02. 
  68. ^ Harris 2006, s. 3
  69. ^ Harris 2006, s. 143
  70. ^ Schaffner 1991, s. 165–166
  71. ^ a b Harris 2006, s. 141–147
  72. ^ The Greatest: 50 Greatest Album Covers, vh1.com, hentet 2009-03-17. 
  73. ^ Top Rock Album, planetrock.com, hentet 2009-04-14. 
  74. ^ Pink Floyd —Dark Side of the Moon —sleeve notes, TRO Hampshire House Publishing Corp., 1973. 
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  76. ^ a b c Schaffner 1991, s. 166
  77. ^ a b Povey 2007, s. 160
  78. ^ Hollingworth, Roy (1973), Historical info – 1973 review, Melody Maker, pinkfloyd.com, hentet 2009-03-30. 
  79. ^ Mason 2005, s. 187
  80. ^ Harris 2006, s. 157
  81. ^ Schaffner 1991, s. 166–167
  82. ^ Harris 2006, s. 158–161
  83. ^ DeGagne, Mike, Money, allmusic.com, hentet 2009-08-02. 
  84. ^ Neely, Tim (1999), Goldmine Price Guide to 45 RPM Records (2 udgave). 
  85. ^ Povey 2007, s. 346
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  95. ^ MFSL Out of Print Archive – Original Master Recording LP, mofi.com, hentet 2009-08-03. 
  96. ^ MFSL Out of Print Archive – Ultradisc II Gold CD, mofi.com, hentet 2009-08-03. 
  97. ^ Povey 2007, s. 353
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  106. ^ Parker & O'Shea 2006, s. 50–51
  107. ^ Schaffner 1991, s. 163
  108. ^ Harris 2006, s. 173–174
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  111. ^ Reising 2005, s. 7
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  142. ^ Guld & Platin (German), ifpi.at, hentet 2009-08-19. 
  143. ^ Polish certification awards, zpav.pl, hentet 2009-03-28. 
  144. ^ Certified Awards Search, bpi.co.uk, hentet 2009-09-14. 
  145. ^ Top 40 Best Selling Albums (PDF), bpi.co.uk, hentet 2009-03-28. 
  146. ^ US Certifications database, riaa.com, hentet 2009-03-28. 
  147. ^ Sales questions: Pink Floyd, blogs.usatoday.com, 2007-02-16, hentet 2009-08-19. 
Bibliografi

Yderligere læsning[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  • Mabbett, Andy (1995), The Complete Guide to the Music of Pink Floyd, Omnibus Pr, ISBN 071194301X. 

Eksterne henvisninger[redigér | redigér wikikode]