Hovedbanen

Fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi
Gå til: navigation, søg
Disambig bordered fade.svg Denne artikel omhandler den norske jernbane Hovedbanen. Hovedbanen er også et kaldenavn for Københavns Hovedbanegård.
Hovedbanen
Overblik
Type Jernbane
System Norges jernbaner
Status Aktiv
Lokalitet Norge
Endestationer Oslo S
Eidsvoll Station
Antal stationer 19
Drift
Åbnet 1. september 1854
Ejer(e) Jernbaneverket
Operatør(er) NSB
Karakter Lokaltog og godstog
Rullende materiel NSB type 69 og type 72
Teknisk
Strækningslængde 68 km
Sporlængde 112 km
Antal spor 1-2
Sporvidde 1.435 mm
Elektrificering 15 kV 16 2⁄3 Hz AC
Strækningshastighed 130 km/t
Linjekort
Abbreviated in this map
Dovrebanen
Station
Eidsvoll Station (1998)
Track from right Unknown route-map component "ABZlr" Track from left
Gardermobanen
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eBHF"
67,51 km Gamle Eidsvoll Station (1854)
Abbreviated in this map Underbridge
Rv181 Eidsvollvegen
Abbreviated in this map Transverse short tunnel
Møllerhaugen (205 m)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Hundsbitet (1932)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eBHF"
62,25 km Bøn Station (1855)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "exSTRrg" Unknown route-map component "eABZglr" Unknown route-map component "exSTRlg"
62,0 km
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Bridge over water Unknown route-map component "exWBRÜCKE"
Andelva (47 m)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Straight track Unknown route-map component "exTUNNEL2"
Løken Tunnel (162 m)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "exTUNNEL2" Transverse tunnel Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
Bøns Tunnel (243 m)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "exKDSTe" Straight track Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
Bønsdalen fabrikker
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eABZrg" Unknown route-map component "exSTRrf"
61,0 km Bøns parsell (1854-1944)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Teglverket (1932)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eHST"
59,54 km Varud Station (1953)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Heiret (1932)
Abbreviated in this map Station
57,20 km Dal Station (1854)
Abbreviated in this map Level crossing
Fv503 Finstadvegen
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Herregården (1937)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Sand (1932)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eBHF"
53,44 km Sand (1992)
Abbreviated in this map Underbridge
Rv179 Hauersetervegen
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eABZrg"
sidebane til Syverstad
Abbreviated in this map Station
49,62 km Hauerseter Station (1894)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eABZrf"
Hauerseter–Gardermobanen
Abbreviated in this map Small bridge
Rv174 (ca. 40 m)
Abbreviated in this map Stop
46,10 km Nordby Station (1932)
Abbreviated in this map Station
44,60 km Jessheim Station (1854)
Abbreviated in this map Underbridge
Rv178 Algarheimsvegen
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "AKRZo"
E6 (160 m)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Smedstua (1932)
Junction to left Unknown route-map component "ABZ+lr" Track to right
forbindelse til Gardermobanen
Track to left Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Track from left
Gardermobanen
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Abbreviated in this map
Dragvoll (1932)
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Abbreviated in this map
Asper (1932)
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Abbreviated in this map
Lystad (1932)
Track switch Abbreviated in this map
40,01 km Asper (1984)
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Abbreviated in this map
Holum (1932)
Unknown route-map component "BS2l" Unknown route-map component "BS2r"
Gardermobanen
Station
36,48 km Kløfta Station (1854)
Track switch
Unknown route-map component "eBHF"
33,62 km Arteid (1932)
Unknown route-map component "AKRZu"
E6
Station
32.3 km Lindeberg Station (1944)
Unknown route-map component "BS2+l" Unknown route-map component "BS2+r"
Gardermobanen
Underbridge Abbreviated in this map
Rv171 Haldenvegen
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Abbreviated in this map
Nybrøtt (1932)
Station Abbreviated in this map
29,86 km Frogner Station (1854)
Bridge over water Abbreviated in this map
Børke bro Leira (ca. 60 m)
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Abbreviated in this map
Børke (1932)
Unknown route-map component "BS2l" Unknown route-map component "BS2r"
Gardermobanen
Stop
26,87 km Leirsund Station (1997)
Unknown route-map component "eBHF"
26,66 km Leirsund Station (1859)
Track switch
25,20 km Lillestrøm N (1997)
Unknown route-map component "eABZrg"
industrispor
Small bridge
Rv22 Fetveien (ca. 30 m)
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Lundsovergangen (1932)
Small bridge
Rv120 Jernbanegata (ca. 30 m)
Junction from right
Kongsvingerbanen
Station
20,95 km Lillestrøm Station (1854)
Bridge over water
Nitelva (46 m)
Track switch
Strøm
Junction to left Track from left
Stalsberg Gardermobanen til Oslo
Small bridge Enter tunnel
Rv159 Strømsveien (ca. 20 m)
Stop Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
19,05 km Sagdalen Station (1938)
Bridge over water Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Flaen bru Sagelva (27 m)
Unknown route-map component "eABZlg" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Strømmen sidespor
Station Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
17,93 km Strømmen Station (1854)
Junction from right Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
spor tilStrømmens Verksted
Stop Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
16,42 km Fjellhamar Station (1931)
Unknown route-map component "eABZlf" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Losbybanen
Stop Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
15,50 km Hanaborg Station (1956)
Small bridge Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Rv163 Lørenskogveien (ca. 20 m)
Station Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
14,15 km Lørenskog Station (1857) 159,3 moh.
Unknown route-map component "AKRZu" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
E6
Stop Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
13,09 km Høybråten Station (1921) 154,6 moh.
Stop Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
12,09 km Haugenstua Station (1937)
Unknown route-map component "eABZlg" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
sidespor til Sannerud
Junction from left Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
industrispor til Grorud 127,0 moh.
Station Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
10,50 km Grorud Station (1854)
Track from right Junction to right Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Stop Junction to left Track from left
9,30 km Nyland Station (1944)
Straight track Non-passenger station Straight track
Statsbanenes værksted
Junction from right Track to right Junction to left
sidespor til Leirdal
Small bridge Underbridge
Rv191 Nedre Kalbakkvei (ca. 30 m)
Unknown route-map component "eABZlg" Straight track
sidespor til Veitvet grustak
Junction to left Unknown route-map component "xABZq+r" Straight track
sidespor til Volla
Straight track Non-passenger station Non-passenger station
Alna godsterminal
Stop Junction from right Track to right
6,87 km Alna Station (1971)
Straight track Non-passenger station Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Linjegodsterminalen
Straight track Unknown route-map component "eBHF" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
6,50 km Alnabru Station (1902)
Unknown route-map component "KRZu" Junction to right Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Alnabanen
Unknown route-map component "AKRZo" Unknown route-map component "AKRZo" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
E6 (111 m)
Track to left Junction from left Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Underbridge Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
E6 Adolf Hedins vei
Unknown route-map component "tSTRrg" Station Unknown route-map component "tABZrf"
3,89 km Bryn Station (1858) 78,3 moh.
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Junction to left Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Alnabanen
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "mKRZu" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
T-banen i Oslo
Exit tunnel Straight track Exit tunnel
Etterstad Gardermobanen
Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Junction from left
Gjøvikbanen (25,8 m)
Track to left Junction from left Straight track
Junction from right Track to right
Vålerenga
Underbridge
Galgeberg Rv161 St. Halvards gate
Junction from right
Grønland Østfoldbanen
Unknown route-map component "eABZlf"
Havnebanen (fjernet)
Station
0.27 km Oslo S (1854)
Enter tunnel
Oslotunnelen (1980)

Hovedbanen er Norges første jernbanestrækning og går mellem Oslo og Eidsvoll. Banen blev åbnet 1. september 1854. Banen er 68 km lang og blev elektrificeret til Lillestrøm i 1927 og Eidsvoll i 1953. De vigtigste stationer langs Hovedbanen er Bryn, Strømmen, Lillestrøm, Jessheim og Eidsvoll.

Nuværende betydning[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Hovedbanen har i nyere tid mistet den gennemkørende trafik efter åbningen af Gardermobanen. Gardermobanen blev bygget 140 år efter hovedbanen, og går også mellem Oslo og Eidsvoll, primært på nye ruter. Eftersom Gardermobanen har højhastighedstog-standard, bruger fjerntogene denne i stedet for Hovedbanen. Strækningen mellem Dal og Eidsvoll har nu kun godstrafik, mens Romeriksporten (en anden del af Gardermobanen-projektet) har ført til at kun lokaltog og godstog går gennem Groruddalen i Oslo.

Eksterne henvisninger[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Koordinater: 60°01′N 11°06′Ø / 60.02°N 11.1°Ø / 60.02; 11.1