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The Jewish [[:en:Lehi (group)|Lehi (Fighters for the Freedom of Israel)]] and [[:en:Irgun|Irgun (National Military Organisation)]] movements initiated [[:en:Jewish insurgency in Palestine|violent uprisings]] against the British Mandate in the 1940s. On 6 November 1944, [[:en:Eliyahu Hakim]] and [[:en:Eliyahu Bet Zuri]] (members of Lehi) assassinated [[:en:Walter Edward Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne|Lord Moyne]] in [[:en:Cairo]]. Moyne was the British Minister of State for the Middle East and the assassination is said by some to have turned British Prime Minister [[:en:Winston Churchill]] against the Zionist cause. After the assassination of [[:en:Lord Moyne]], the [[:en:Haganah]] kidnapped, interrogated, and turned over to the British many members of the Irgun ("[[:en:The Hunting Season]]"), and the Jewish Agency Executive decided on a series of measures against "terrorist organisations" in Palestine.<ref>[https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/season.html The "Hunting Season" (1945)] by Yehuda Lapidot ([[:en:Jewish Virtual Library]])</ref> Irgun ordered its members not to resist or retaliate with violence, so as to prevent a civil war.
 
===Efter anden verdenskrig===
===After World War II: Insurgency and the Partition Plan===
 
[[File:UN Partition Plan For Palestine 1947.svg|thumb|upright|FN's delingsplan fra 1947]]
{{main|FN's delingsplan for Palæstina|Den israelsk-palæstinensiske konflikt}}
 
I juli 1946 udførte gruppen Irgun en [[Bombningen av King David Hotel|bombning af King Davids Hotel]] i Jerusalem, der var hovedkvarteret for den britiske administration. I alt blev 92 mennesker dræbt. Efter bombningenbegyndtebombningen begyndte den britiske regering at internere illegale jødiske flygtninge på [[Cypern]]. FaFra oktober 1946 til august 1947 var de tre paramilitære organisationer Haganah, Irgun og Lehi samlet under navnet ''Jewish Resistance Movement'' og udførte angreb mod den britiskeadministrationbritiske administration.<ref name="Jewish Agency">Jewish Agency for Israel, [https://web.archive.org/web/20120317133834/http://jafi.org/JewishAgency/English/About/History/ History of the Jewish Agency for Israel] Retrieved on 27 April 2012</ref> I 1948 myrdede gruppen Lehi [[FN|FN's]] mægler [[Folke Bernadotte]] i Jerusalem. [[YitzakYitzhak Shamir]], der senere blev statminister i Israel, var en af de medsammensvorne.
 
 

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